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2019年09月16日 02:50:15来源:豆瓣新闻

The jaws of T-Rex are infamous and lethal, housing sixty teeth with some as long as 30 centimeters. Its skull is constructed of 64 bones designed to be light but strong. It’s 16 times stronger than the jaws of an alligator. The front teeth are dagger-shaped, with serrated edges designed to tear flesh. The larger side teeth are rounded, perfect for crunching bone. Solidly anchored into muscle, they could withstand pressure from any direction. 雷克斯霸王龙的颚令人胆寒,这是一个致命的武器,颚内生长60颗牙齿,一些牙齿的长度达到30厘米。雷克斯霸王龙的头骨由64块骨头组成,轻巧但十分强壮。雷克斯霸王龙的颚比短吻鳄的颚强壮16倍。雷克斯霸王龙的前牙犹如匕首状,牙齿边缘呈锯形,以便撕咬。边部稍大些的牙齿呈圆形,是碾碎骨头的利器。这些骨头都稳固地嵌入肌肉中,可以承受来自任何方向的压力。We have a pretty good idea of how it killed its prey. It seems to have just walked right up to them, taken a bite, and whatever happens happens. 我们能清楚地认识到雷克斯霸王龙是怎么不杀猎物的。他们似乎就是上去横冲直撞,咬上一口,接下来刚发生的就都发生了。Unlike many dinosaurs, they wouldn’t just take the flesh of the carcass. They basically eat most of the carcass.与其他恐龙不一样的是,雷克斯霸王龙不仅吃猎物残骸上的肉,它们也食用猎物的大部分残骸。T-Rex’s huge legs and pelvis make up half its total body weight. Its tail weighs almost a ton. This is because it has to balance out nearly half a ton of head and jaws. Their head is two thirds muscle, which power jaws capable of enough force to bite through a steel oil drum. 雷克斯霸王龙巨大的前腿和骨盆占据他们整个身体重量的一半。它们的尾巴有一吨重,这是为了平衡来自头和颚一吨的重量。它们头部的三分之二都是肌肉,这能带动颚产生足够的力量,能将钢油桶咬穿。All that muscle delivers a bite strong enough to defeat the toughest prey of the Cretaceous. 这些肌肉可以使雷克斯霸王龙的咬击足够杀死白垩纪防御力最高的猎物。T-Rex’s teeth are among the bluntest teeth, bluntest, least sharp of the whole family of Tyrannosaurs. Those teeth are designed to crush, to penetrate thick layers of armor, and muscle, in a crushing, massive hemorrhaging blow. 雷克斯霸王龙的牙齿在整个霸王龙家庭中是最迟钝的。但是它们是用来碾压的,用来穿透坚硬的盔甲壳,仅仅致命一击。The muscles in T-Rex’s neck are nearly as powerful as the muscles of its legs. At half a meter thick, they’re strong enough to lift a hippo or bring down the most well-armed, best-defended herbivore nature has ever produced, Triceratops. 雷克斯霸王龙颈部的肌肉几乎和腿部的肌肉一样强壮有力。它们足有半米厚,并且强壮到可以将一头河马咬起,或者扳倒有史以来盔甲最厚,防御力最强的食草动物——三角恐龙。The best way to attack Triceratops is with a long-barreled, 75 millimeter antitank gun.攻击三角恐龙的最好方法就是用一个管超长的,径口75毫米的反坦克炮。英文文本来自普特英语,译文属未经许可不得转载。201402/275541。

  • Americas big banks reported earnings for the second quarter. The headline figures looked buoyant, partly because of lower operational and litigation costs. Net income at JPMorgan Chase rose by 31% to .5 billion; Bank of Americas profit was up by 63% to billion; and Citigroups quarterly profit of .2 billion was its best since 2007. Goldman Sachs saw income double to .9 billion. But with the outlook for growth subdued in the banking industry, margins down and more costly regulations coming in, investors were unimpressed.美国的各大发布了第二季度的营收。数据显示营收有所上涨,部分原因是运营和诉讼费用的减少。根大通公司的净收入增长了31%,达到65亿美元;美国的利润增加了63%之多,达到了40亿美元;花旗的季度利润达到了42亿美元,是自从2007年至今的最好业绩。高盛的收入翻番,达到了19亿美元。但是随着对业未来增长前景的看衰,利润减少以及管理费用的增加,投资者并没有为之所动。Americas Federal Energy Regulatory Commission fined Barclays 3m for allegedly manipulating electricity prices in four states in the American West to benefit the banks derivatives positions. Barclays is fighting the claim and will take the matter to court. JPMorgan Chase was said to be in talks to settle with the FERC in a similar case.美国联邦能源管理委员会给巴克莱开出了4亿5300万美元的罚单,原因是后者据称为了使其衍生产品卖得更好,在美国西部的四个州操纵电价。巴克莱予以反击,并将在法庭上解决此事。根大通也卷入类似风波。;Fabulous Fab;神奇的法布The trial got under way in Manhattan of Fabrice Tourre, a former banker at Goldman Sachs, on civil charges of securities fraud. Mr Tourre allegedly did not tell investors that a hedge fund had helped him select the assets in a portfolio of mortgage bonds, which it then bet against. The investors lost billion.在曼哈顿对于前高盛家法布里·托雷尔的审讯正在进行中,其涉嫌进行券欺诈。据称,托雷尔先生未告知其产品投资者一家做空这些抵押贷款的对冲基金参与了产品的设计。导致投资者蒙受10亿美元的损失。A judge allowed a billion lawsuit, brought by the Justice Department and claiming that Standard amp; Poors intentionally misled investors, to proceed. The government alleges that Samp;P produced inflated ratings between 2004 and 2007 to please its clients in the financial industry.一位法官接受了一起涉案金额50亿的案件,原告是司法部,指控标准普尔蓄意误导投资者。该案件正在接受审理。政府控诉标准普尔在2004年到2007年期间为了取悦其金融业的客户,在评级中作假。A Chinese executive at GlaxoSmithKline appeared on state television giving details of what the government alleges to be graft at the drugmakers operations in the country. Four executives are accused of paying bribes to medical staff to entice them to sell GSKs products. GSK said its Chinese staff are expected to abide by the law and it had ;zero tolerance; for bribery.葛兰素史克公司的一位中国主管出现在中国国家电视台解释中国政府所说的运营中行贿的细节。四个主管被指控贿赂医药人员怂恿其销售葛兰素史克的产品。葛兰素史克表示其中国员工应该遵守法律,并且其对贿赂持零容忍态度。How Lou can you go?楼能走多远?Chinas economy slowed again, growing by 7.5% in the second quarter. The finance minister, Lou Jiwei, caused a stir when he reportedly said he expected GDP for the year to rise by 7%, which is below the governments 7.5% target (Mr Lous figure was rewritten by the state press to reflect the party line). With industrial production also slowing, some economists wonder whether it is time for them, too, to rewrite their forecasts.中国经济再次放缓,第二季度增幅仅为7.5%。财政部长楼继伟在其报告中表示他预期今年GDP的增长为7%,低于政府7.5%的目标,这引起了不小的震动。(为了跟党的方针相呼应,楼的数据被重新更正)。随着工业生产的放缓,一些经济学家开始思考:对他们来说,是不是也应该重新预测经济走势了?Googles effort to end an antitrust inquiry into its search business in Europe appeared to be in trouble when Joaquín Almunia, the EUs competition chief, declared that it had so far not done enough ;to overcome our concerns;. In April Google submitted several remedies to the EU to address complaints that it promotes its own services over those of its rivals in search results.谷歌试图结束欧洲对其搜索业务的反信任调查的努力再次陷入麻烦,欧盟竞争委员会主席Joaquín Almunia称谷歌到目前为止尚未做出足够措施来解除我们的担忧。四月,谷歌向欧盟递交了几项改进措施,并投诉其只是在竞争对手的搜索结果上推广其自身务。Yahoos earnings were mixed. The internet companys net income grew by half compared with the same quarter last year, to 1m, but revenue was down, as was the price it charges per ad. Investors expressed confidence, however, in Marissa Mayers strategy (she took over as chief executive a year ago), pushing the share price to a five-year high.雅虎公司的营收账目混乱不堪。与去年同一季度相比,这家互联网公司的净收入增长了50%,达到3.31亿美元,然而收益却由于每广告的收费下降而下降了。但是,投资者们都对玛丽莎·梅耶尔(于一年前接任雅虎首席执行官)的战略计划信心十足,雅虎股票已被推高至五年来的最高值。From dreams to nightmares从梦到梦魇Investigators looking at the cause of a fire on a parked Boeing Dreamliner at Heathrow airport found no initial evidence that the jets batteries were the source. Several charred components have come under scrutiny, including the planes emergency transmitter. All Dreamliners were grounded worldwide for three months earlier this year because of overheating batteries.对停在英国希斯罗机场的波音梦幻客机的起火原因,调查员表示,目前初步发现没有据表明电池是飞机起火的原因。包括飞机应急发射器在内的几个被烧焦的部件已经受到了严格的审查。今年早些时候,所有的梦幻客机由于电池组过热在全球范围内停飞三个月。In Argentina a joint venture was announced between Chevron and YPF, the state-run energy company, to develop the Vaca Muerta shale formation, one of the biggest outside North America. Vaca Muerta was discovered in 2010 when YPF was majority-owned by Spains Repsol. The venture with Chevron is YPFs first big deal since it was expropriated by the Argentine government last year.在阿根廷,由雪弗兰公司和一家阿根廷国营企业YPF组成的合资企业,宣称将开发瓦卡姆尔塔这个除北美外最大的页岩潜油层。瓦卡姆尔塔在2010年被发现,当时YPF的大部分股份由西班牙雷普索尔石油公司持有。这次与雪佛龙组成的合资公司是YPF自去年被阿根廷政府国有化以来首次大规模的交易。Bernie Ecclestone, the chief executive of the Formula One Group, was charged by a German court in a case over an alleged m bribe to a banker who was involved in the sale of the car-racing championship to CVC Capital in 2005. Mr Ecclestone has acknowledged the payment but insists he was being blackmailed and rejects the charge.一级方程式赛车的首席执行官伯尼·埃克莱斯顿因向一位家行贿4400万美元被德国一家法庭起诉。这位家曾在2005年参与私募股权基金公司对赛车锦标赛的收购案。埃克莱斯顿先生承认付了费用,然而坚持声称他遭到勒索并对控告表示抗议。Rossignol, a French ski-maker, was bought by Altor, a Swedish private-equity firm. The global ski market has gone downhill from its peak in the 1980s partly because more people are renting skis rather than buying them. The Nordic firm hopes to make Rossignol more profitable by expanding into outdoor wear, a strategy it tried with Helly Hansen, a Norwegian sports-apparel firm that had struggled before Altor bought it in 2006.法国滑雪板制造商金鸡被瑞典一家私营公司Altor收购。全球滑雪板市场在20世纪80年代经历高峰期,此后不断走下坡路。部分原因是越来越多的人选择租用滑雪板而不是自己购买。这家北欧公司试图通过拓展户外装备业务让金鸡盈利增加,其曾在挪威运动饰公司哈里汉森实施过这项战略,哈里汉森于2006年被Altor公司收购。201307/249858。
  • Did you know that infants prefer their mothersvoices to that of other females?你知道吗?比起其他女性的声音,胎儿更喜欢自己妈妈的声音。And that they will change their behavior inorder to solicit her voice?他们还会为了听到妈妈的声音而改变自己的行为。Sounds reasonable to me.听起来很有道理。Ok, but did you know that a fetus can distinguish its mothers voice from that of other females before it is even born.那你知道吗?婴儿在娘胎里,就能分辨自己妈妈和其他女性的声音了。Im not sure. How could anyone possible detect that?这个我不确定,但是,这怎么可能?By listening to the heart, fetuses at term were played recordings of their mothers ing apoem, as well as recordings of a female stranger ing the same poem.用心听。给足月胎儿放自己妈妈读诗的录音和陌生阿姨读同首诗的录音。The fetuses hearts accelerated when they heard their own mothers voices, but actually decelerated when theyheard the voice of the female stranger.当听到自己妈妈录音时,胎儿的心跳加速;而事实上,当听到陌生阿姨的录音时,胎儿心跳减速。The recordings lasted two minutes, but the effects on the fetuses hearts went on for several minutes beyond the recordings.此外,录音时间只有两分钟,但是胎儿心跳对此的反应却远不止两分钟。Thats pretty interesting! But so what?很有趣!但是那又怎样?What is the experience in the womb seems to affect newborn preferences and behavior.这说明,胎儿在母体中的生活会影响婴儿的选择和行为。Not only that, but fetuses recognition of their mothers voices proves that fetuses are capableof learning.另外,胎儿对妈妈声音的识别还明胎儿有学习的能力。This all leads scientists to believe that the process of learning language may begin before birth.这说明科学家有理由相信胎教对语言的学习有帮助。Perhaps that infants are so quick to pick up on language shouldnt be surprising.这也难怪婴儿学习语言那么快了,Theyve had some experience with language before they were born.因为在娘胎里已经有语言基础了。In fact, their speedygrasping of language may not be due to some innate ability hardwired into the brain.事实上,婴儿超强的学习语言的能力并非归因于大脑天赋;And maybe due to information the fetus began accumulating in-utero.而正是在母亲子宫中累积的信息。201407/310072。
  • Business商业报道Japanese firms shop abroad进军海外Armed with a strong yen以强势日元攻破海外市场Why Japan Inc has been going on a foreign spree为何日本企业转而血拼海外MR TICKLE and Mr Bump are leaping into bed with Hello Kitty.奇先生与妙中的挠痒痒先生和莽撞先生癞蛤蟆想吃天鹅肉,蹿上了凯蒂猫的床。Sanrio, the owner of the bow-adorned feline, said on December 6th that it had acquired the Mr Men franchise from Chorion of Britain.三丽欧公司是戴蝴蝶结猫的主人,该公司于12月6日说其已从英国购买了奇先生的特许经销权。The deal, for an estimated 3 billion,brings the Japanese design and licensing firm 86 playful characters who have delighted toddlers in 30 countries and shifted 100m books.这次交易估计价值为30亿日元使得日本这个设计和经销公司拥有了86个曾给30个国家幼儿带去欢乐的幽默好玩的人物。该书在市面上售出上亿本。Corporate Japan is on an overseas shopping spree.日本的公司在海外疯狂地进行兼并扩展。Japanese firms spent a record billion on some 620 foreign companies in 2011, according to Dealogic, a firm that measures such things, exceeding the previous record of 466 deals worth billion in 2008.据专门衡量公司并购的研究机构迪罗基表示,2011年日本公司耗资800亿美元收购了620个左右的外国公司,从而打破了2008年创下的750亿美元购得466企业的历史记录。When Japan Inc went shopping abroad in the 1980s, it was a sign of strength.二十世纪八十年代,日本公司往海外开疆拓土时,那时是国力强盛的标志。Japanese companies were sping their wings because they were growing. This time, it is a symptom of weakness.这次是其国力衰退的征兆。The past year in Japan has been wretched.过去的一年对于日本来说是凄凄惨惨的一年。An earthquake and tsunami in March wrecked factories and disrupted supply chains, creating shortages of all sorts of crucial components. Radiation fears hurt exports.今年3月发生的地震和海啸摧毁了工厂使供应链瘫痪,导致各种关键零部件严重短缺。A strong yen walloped profits.人们对幅射的担忧影响了出口。Floods in Thailand interrupted the distribution of electronics and car parts.坚挺的日元蚕食了利润。泰国的洪水中断了对电子和汽车部件的配送。Corporate-governance scandals cast a black cloud over blue suits nationwide.公司、政府丑闻层出不穷,像乌云黑压压地笼罩在这个岛国上空。The Japanese population is ageing and shrinking.日本的人口在老化缩减。The economy is sluggish. Consumption is lacklustre.经济不景气。消费萎靡不振。So Japanese firms find it nearly impossible to expand domestically.故日本公司在国内几乎找不到可以扩展的地方。At the same time, thanks to crises elsewhere in the rich world, the yen is extraordinarily strong.同时,幸亏其他发达国家的经济危机,日元非常地坚挺。It has appreciated by 45% against the dollar in the past four years.在过去的四年中,日元对美元已升值45%。And having learned thrift during their own banking crisis a decade ago, Japanese firms are flush:日本从其十年前的危机中学到了节约开的教训,日本公司利润丰厚:big listed companies are sitting on a cash pile of ¥60 trillion.大的上市公司坐拥价值60万亿的现金。With all this buying power and few opportunities at home, it is hardly surprising that Japanese firms are snapping up foreign companies, especially in fast-growing emerging economies.随着国内购买力低迷和机会减少,日本到处抢滩海外市场尤其是高速发展的新兴经济体则不足为奇。Unless we grow were not able to stay alive simply by staying in Japan,若国内有市场,我们则仍继续呆在日本求生存。explains Tadashi Yanai, the boss of Uniqlos Fast Retailing, a big clothing firm.装巨头优衣库的老板柳井正解释道。The time is ripe for foreign deals, he chirps.他感叹道向海外进军的时机成熟了。The economic crises in America and Europe have pummelled share prices, making companies cheaper to acquire.美国和欧洲的经济危机使公司股票严重缩水,使得收购公司易于反掌。Back in the 1980s Japanese firms hunted trophies such as golf courses and film studios.回顾二十世纪八十年代,日本公司海外扩张的战利品包括高尔夫球场和电影制片厂。Now they are taking a more pragmatic approach, buying solid firms in fast-growing markets and filling gaps in their product lines.现在他们采取更务实的策略,即从高速增长的市场中购买实体工厂以填补其生产线的空白。For example, Kirin, a big Japanese brewer, is acquiring a majority stake in Schincariol, a Brazilian one, for .6 billion.例如,日本的啤酒制造巨头麒麟啤酒以26亿美元的代价获得了巴西的Schincariol公司的股份控制权。The Japanese beer market is flat; Brazils is growing by 10% a year.日本的啤酒市场非常平淡;巴西的啤酒以年均10%的速度在增长。The biggest deal of the year was when Takeda, a Japanese drug firm, bought Nycomed, a Swiss one, for 1 trillion.今年最大的并购当数日本的医药公司Takeda以1万亿日元将瑞士药厂Nycomed收入旗下。Almost 40% of Nycomeds sales are in emerging markets.新兴市场占据了Nycomed将近40%的销售。Japanese trading houses are hungrily buying energy projects, especially those involving shale gas.日本商行迫不急待出手能源项目尤其是涉及到页岩天然气的项目。This year they spent billion, up from less than billion in 2010.今年他们在这些项目上的投资从2010年的不到30亿美元上升到100亿美元。The pace of such deals accelerated after Japanese nuclear-power plants were suspended following the nuclear accident at Fukushima in March,在今年3月福岛核事故发生后,日本原子能工厂项目被中止,使得许多日本人担心国内能源供应。which made many Japanese worry about their energy supply.故日本加大了收购海外能源的步伐。Toshiba spent .6 billion on Landis+Gyr, which makes smart electricity meters for homes.东芝在制造家用智能电表Landis+Gyr身上投资了16亿美元。Sony paid .4 billion for control of its cellphone venture, Sony Ericsson, a stake in the record label EMI and other stuff.索尼花了84亿美元以控制手机企业索爱,且获得了百代唱片公司和其他公司的股份。This time really is different这次是真的与往昔不同In the past, Japanese firms would parachute in bosses from Tokyo to run the show.在过去,日本公司从东京空降一批高层来接管新兼并的企业,Many were monocultural and mediocre.很多高层人员近亲繁殖,水平一般。Now, Japanese firms wisely rely on local talent.现如今日本公司明智地依赖当地人才。Many of the new generation of Japanese executives have lived and worked abroad,许多新一代的高管们具有在国外生活和工作的经验。notes Shinsuke Tsunoda, the head of mergers and acquisitions in Japan at Nomura, a Japanese securities house.值得留意的有野村券交易所并购的Shinsuke Tsunoda领导。This means they are more comfortable doing deals with foreigners, and they are better at integrating the foreign firms they buy with their new Japanese owners.这意味着这些高层人员与外国人打交道更舒,而且他们能更好地整合所并购的海外企业而非本国企业。The foreign shopping spree is internationalising Japanese industry by the back door.抢滩国外市场使日本企业使通过幕后交易达到国际化目的。Japan Inc is acting like a massive sovereign-wealth fund, placing its money abroad to earn investment income at home.日本公司就像巨大的主权财富基金,将钱投资于国外为本国获得投资收入。When old people retire, they tend to live off their savings.当老人退休后,他们凭储蓄度日。They supply capital to younger, sprightlier, cash-strapped folk, who put it to work and pay dividends or interest to the retirees.并为年轻有为,朝气蓬勃且资金拮据的新一代提供资本用于投资。年轻人则付红利或利息给退休人员。That is, roughly speaking, what Asias ageing archipelago is starting to do.大致说来,这正是这个日益老龄化的亚洲群岛正开始做的事。 /201305/238482。
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