2018年03月18日 17:19:07|来源:国际在线|编辑:华晚报
You don#39;t have to be a millionaire to steal these ideas about work, retirement and even getting up in the morning。即使你并不是百万富翁,你也可以偷学这些工作理念、退休概念甚至起床时间观念。1. They Don#39;t Retire When Everyone Else Does。他们不会像普通人一样早早退休。The average age for Americans to stop working is now 61, according to a recent Gallup poll, up from 59 ten years ago and 57 in the early 1990s. But America#39;s highest earners -- i.e., those with the biggest savings -- don#39;t plan on retiring until they#39;re at least 70, another new survey shows. Almost half of those people, who make ,000 or more a year, say they plan to keep working because they want to.根据最近的盖洛普民意测验显示,美国人现在的平均退休年龄是61岁,从20世纪90年代的57岁到十年前的59岁,退休年龄一直持推后的趋势。但是根据另一项最新研究显示,美国的最高收入群体——比如那些存款数目最大的人——至少到70岁之后才会计划退休。那些年收入7.5万美元甚至更高的人群中有将近半数称他们希望工作,所以会一直干下去。Granted, this group holds white-collar jobs that aren#39;t physically taxing -- but the ;never quit; concept is one that almost anyone can embrace. Stepping down to a less stressful position, or shifting to part-time work can put you farther ahead, savings-wise, when you do decide to retire。当然,这一富人群体都是不从事体力劳动的白领——但是他们“奋斗不止”的信念是每个人都应该积极借鉴的。退居到压力较小的岗位,或者换成一份兼职工作可以推迟你的退休年龄,这对你真正选择退休之后的生活有利。2. They Don#39;t Wake Up At 6 a.m. And Answer Emails。他们不会6点钟才起床回复邮件。You#39;re no doubt aware that the highest achievers are up earlier than most people: The National Sleep Foundation says most 30- to 45-year-olds get out of bed at 6 a.m. on a typical weekday morning, while this Guardian article shows that many CEOs of major companies wake closer to 5. You may not know, though, what those leaders are doing with the extra hour。你一定清楚收入最高的那些人比大多数人早起:根据全国睡眠研究基地研究显示,大多数30至45岁之间的人在工作日早晨6点钟起床,而一篇《卫报》上的消息则显示许多大型企业的CEO都在5点之前起床。你也许并不知道那些企业领导者们利用早起的时间干什么。Laura Vanderkam#39;s new book What the Most Successful People Do Before Breakfast gives plenty of concrete examples (and none of them involves catching up on Facebook). For instance: A businesswoman knows she could spend her early-morning hour cleaning out her in-box, but since that#39;s a job she can do in 5-minute breaks during the day, she devotes the alone time to making real, uninterrupted headway on a project that she#39;s decided is a top priority for her -- and that will have clear career benefits, teeing her up for a promotion or other advancement。劳拉·凡德卡姆的新书《大多数成功人士在早餐前干什么》中给出了很多实际的例子(这些例子中无一例包括查看脸谱网)。例如,一个职场女性知道自己可以用早上早起的时间清理她的收件箱,但是这件事她可以利用白天里5分钟的休息时间做完,所以她就用利用这段时间专心来跟进一天中最重要的项目工作——这种工作态度无疑会创造真正的工作效益,也为她升职、加薪做好了准备。3. They Don#39;t Ignore Job Offers For Lateral Moves。他们不会忽略平级跳槽的机会。While many top earners keep an eye out for their next career move, they#39;re not always looking to move up. They#39;re often looking to make lateral moves, says Amanda Augustine, job-search expert at TheLadders.com, which originally began as a job-search site for people earning 0,000 and more (they#39;ve since expanded to all salaries). This group is willing to move horizontally, or even to take a step down,很多有钱人会时刻关注职场机会,但他们并不总是向上看的,求职网站the ladder的求职专家阿曼达·奥古斯丁称,这些富人们常常会寻找平级跳槽的机会,求职网站the ladder一开始只为年收入10万美元以上的人提供就业信息(但后来他们已经扩展到为各薪酬阶层的人提供信息)。Augustine says, if there is a future opportunity to move up and take on an even better role. Employees at every level can learn from this behavior, she says. Making a sideways career change (either within your company or to a new one with a similar title, pay and responsibility) can also be worth it if your industry is contracting and the new job is in a field that#39;s growing, or if you#39;ll be saving money with a shorter commute or cheaper parking, or getting better benefits, whether insurance- or retirement-related。奥古斯丁表示,只要有升迁或获得更好的职位的机会,富人们愿意平级跳槽,甚至接受比当下等级低的工作。奥古斯丁表示,各个层级的员工都可以学习这种态度。 如果你当下从事的行业正在紧缩,而你新从事的工作行业则正在扩张,或者节省交通费用,或者获得更好的保险、退休金等福利待遇时,平级跳槽就是值得的。4. They Don#39;t Buy When They Can Rent。他们能租房就不买房。It#39;s the American dream to own a home, but don#39;t assume that everyone who can purchase a home does. The five-year rule (if you#39;re not going to live in a home for five years, don#39;t buy it) is back. Renting is more popular than ever, even among the wealthy. While it once made sense for people who could afford it to buy a home and flip it after two years, and the market has improved moderately this year, we#39;re hardly in a boom。拥有一套房子是美国梦的一部分,但并不是所有的人都有能力买房。五年规则(即如果你不会在这套房子里住五年以上,就不要把它买下来)卷土重来。即使是在富人圈子里,租房之风也空前盛行。虽然过去买得起房子的富人倾向于买下一幢房子,然后两年后转手,而且今年的房市稍有缓和,但当下绝不是经济繁荣时期。This article by economist Robert J. Shiller explains that attitudes toward renting are starting to change; 61 percent of Americans in a recent MacArthur Foundation survey agreed that, ;for the most part, renters can be just as successful as owners at achieving the American dream。;经济学家罗伯特·席勒解释说,人们对于租房的观念已经改变了;在麦克阿瑟基金最近作出的研究调查表明,61%的美国人同意,“在很大程度上,租房的人和买房的人实现美国梦的机会是同等的。”5. They Don#39;t Buy Without First Comparison Shopping。他们不会在货比三家之前付款。Chances are, if you#39;re ing this here, you#39;re likely also shopping online (80 percent of people who use the Internet have bought something by clicking). But wealthy shoppers are getting more shipping confirmation emails than others: According to a recent report by Martini Media and comScore, in the first quarter of this year, affluent shoppers were 47 percent more likely than buyers earning less than 0,000 annually to purchase something online。如果你正在读这篇文章,很有可能你会网购商品(80%的网上用户都曾经试过网购)但是那些富裕的买家可能网购的次数更加频繁:根据广告商Martini Media 和 comScore在今年上半年做的相关调查显示,年薪10万的人网购东西的可能性比其他人多出47%。Just as interestingly, wealthy online shoppers aren#39;t visiting luxury destinations as much as they#39;re visiting sites with mid-level pricing (think Macy#39;s). We know shopping online greatly lowers the likelihood of an impulse buy, but another major money-saving reason to buy from home is that you can easily do price comparisons. Plus, new apps such as Slice will even send you alerts when the price on an item you#39;ve purchased online drops so you can get a refund。有意思的是,他们去Net-a-Porter等奢饰品网站的次数少于去中等消费的网站的次数。我们都知道网购可以有效的抑制消费冲动,但是网购省钱还有另 一个重要理由,即你可以货比三家同时,“降价应用”这样的新网络应用可以在你已经购买的商品降价时向你发出通知,由此你可以获得一定退款。 /201310/260638

I remember when I first looked up a patient on Google. It was my last day on the bone marrow transplant unit, back when I was an intern. As I stood before the patient, taking her history, she told me she had been a painter and suggested I look up her work on the Internet. I did, and I found her paintings fascinating. Even though our paths crossed fleetingly, she is one of the few patients I vividly remember from that time.我仍然清晰地记得我第一次谷歌搜索患者的经历。那是我在骨髓移植科实习的最后一天,我与一个患者闲聊,她告诉我她是个画家,并建议我去上网看看她的作品。我搜了搜,觉得她的画着实精。因此,虽然我与她只有短暂的接触,但她成为了令我印象最深的患者之一。Google has taught me other things, too, things that don#39;t come up during the routine history-taking or medication checks of my usual doctor-patient interactions. I learned recently, for example, that one of my patients had been an Olympic gold medalist and world-record holder in the 1960s. Knowing more about my patients as people helps build empathy.除了艺术作品,谷歌也曾带给我一些其他的信息,一些常规的医患交流(如询问病史、药史等)无法带来的东西。举个例子,几周前,我搜索发现我的一位患者在20世纪60年代曾是奥运会冠军和世界纪录保持者。这些信息帮助我更深入地了解患者,使我更容易与他们建立感情。Doctors do ;Google; their patients. In fact, the vast majority of physicians I know have done so. To my generation, using a search engine like Google comes as naturally as sharing pictures of our children or a recent vacation on a social networking site like Facebook. But it surprises me that more physicians don#39;t pause and think about what it means for the patient-doctor relationship.医生们确实会“谷歌”他们的患者,至少我认识的大部分医生都这么做。在我们这个年代,使用谷歌这类搜索引擎和在Facebook这类社交网站上分享子女或旅行照片一样,都是顺理成章的事儿。但是,让我感到吃惊的是,许多医生在“谷歌”他们的患者之前,从不停下来想想这种搜索将会给医患关系带来些什么。What if one finds something that is not warm and fuzzy? I recently about a case in which a 26-year-old woman went to a surgeon wanting to have a prophylactic double mastectomy, citing an extensive history of cancer in her family. However, she was not willing to undergo any work-up, and her medical team noted several inconsistencies in her story. When they searched online, it turned out she had set up multiple Facebook accounts soliciting donations for malignancies she never had. One page showed her with her head shaved, as if she had aly undergone chemotherapy. The surgeons immediately decided to halt her care.万一医生们搜到一些不那么温馨或失真的信息呢?我最近读到一个病例,说一个26岁的女士要求医生给她做预防性双侧乳腺切除手术,因为她的祖辈中很多人有患乳腺癌的病史。但是,这名女士拒绝接受任何检查,而且她的医疗团队注意到她关于家族史的叙述中也有几处自相矛盾的地方。当医生们在网上搜索这名患者时,他们发现她注册好几个Facebook账号,谎称自己有恶性肿瘤来募集捐款。在其中的一个页面上,她甚至贴出自己剃光头发的照片,装成进行过化疗的样子。此后,医生们立即停止了对这名女士的“治疗”。I was once taking care of a frail, older patient who came to the hospital feeling very short of breath. It wasn#39;t immediately clear why, but her breathing was getting worse. To look for accidental ingestions, I sent for a drug screen and, to my great surprise, it came back positive for cocaine. It didn#39;t make sense to me, given her age and the person lying before me, and I was concerned she had been the victim of some sort of abuse. She told me she had no idea why there was cocaine in her system.曾经有位虚弱的老年患者来我这里看病,她感觉自己呼吸特别困难。我们没能立刻探明原因,可她呼吸窘迫的问题却一天重过一天。为了查查她是否不小心摄入了什么毒物,我安排她进行了一次毒品筛查。让我大感意外的是,她的可卡因指标竟然呈阳性!对于一个像她这样年龄和身体状况的人来说,吸毒是无法想象的事儿,于是我担心她是否经受了某种虐待,但她告诉我她完全不知道这些可卡因是如何进入到身体内的。When I walked out of the room, a nurse called me over to her computer. There, on MugShots.com, was a younger version of my patient#39;s face, with details about how she had been detained for cocaine possession more than three decades earlier. I looked away from the screen, feeling like I had violated my patient#39;s privacy. I resumed our medical exam, without bringing up the finding on the Internet, and her subsequent hospital course was uneventful.当我走出诊室时,一个护士把我叫到了电脑前。在MugShots.com上,我看到了我的患者年轻时的照片和她三十多年前因为持有可卡因被拘留的细节。我将眼睛从屏幕上移开,顿时有一种侵犯了患者隐私的罪恶感。后来,我帮那位患者做完了剩余的检查,没提起在互联网上发现的她的那段历史。她接下来的留院治疗并没有出任何意外。I am tempted to prescribe that physicians should never look online for information about their patients, though I think the practice will become only more common, given doctors#39; — and all of our — growing dependence on technology. The more important question health care providers need to ask themselves is why we would like to.由于我们医生对科技的依赖越来越深,在我看来,“医生谷歌患者”的现象只会越来越普遍。但是,我仍然想强调:医生们绝不应该去网络上搜索关于患者的信息。更重要的是,作为医务工作者,我们应该反思:为什么我们总想去“谷歌”那些患者。To me, the only legitimate reason to search for a patient#39;s online footprint is if there is a safety issue. If, for example, a patient appears to be manic or psychotic, it might be useful to investigate whether certain claims the patient makes are true. Or, if a doctor suspects a pediatric patient is being abused, it might make sense to look for evidence online. Physicians have also investigated patients on the web if they were concerned about suicide risk, or needed to contact the family of an unresponsive patient. In my state, Massachusetts, doctors can also use a specialized database to track every pharmacy a patient took controlled drugs from — an especially useful tool when drug abuse is suspected. But if the only reason a doctor searches online is to gather personal information that patients don#39;t want to share with their physicians, then it is absolutely the wrong thing to do.在我看来,去网上搜寻患者“足迹”的唯一正当理由是出于安全考虑。举个例子,如果一个患者表现得疯疯癫癫,疑似有精神问题的话,去网上调查他可能会有助于确认他提供信息的真实性。或者说,如果医生怀疑一个儿科患者曾遭到虐待,在网上搜寻据会是一个理性的做法。医生们也可以在他们担心患者有自杀倾向或需要联系某位无正常反应的患者家属时,上网搜寻一些信息。在我所居住的马萨诸塞州,当患者被怀疑有滥用药物的行为时,医生们可以查询一个专业的数据库来追查患者取得管制类药物的各家药房。不过,如果一个医生上网搜索他的患者仅仅是为了查看一些患者们不愿分享的个人信息的话,这就是完全错误的。Recently, one of my primary care patients was back in clinic, with some worrisome news. In spite of increasing the dose of his medication, his panic attacks were getting worse. He had told me that as he saw his business success grow, so did his stress, and the frequency of his panic attacks.前几天,我的一个家庭保健病人又来到诊室,带来了一些令人担忧的消息。尽管用药剂量增加了,他的恐慌症却越来越严重。他告诉我,随着他的生意越做越成功,他的压力越来越大,恐慌症发作的频率也越来越高。I stepped out of the clinic to speak with my supervising physician. I related the patient#39;s history, telling him about the growing success of the patient#39;s business.我走出诊室,找到我的头儿,跟他说起这个患者的商界故事和生意上的成功。;What sort of business?; he asked. When I told him that I had forgotten to ask, he quickly flipped the window on the computer before us from an electronic medical record to Google and typed in the patient#39;s name.“什么样的生意?”上级问。当我说我忘记了问患者时,他立马在电脑上打开“谷歌”的页面并输进了患者的名字。But before he pressed return, he paused.但在按下“确认”键之前,他停住了。This was unusual — most doctors I know don#39;t pause. Then, with the cursor blinking before us, he pressed the backspace key, keeping it pinned until there were no more letters for the cursor to gobble up. And he proceeded to do what has worked for physicians for eons. He sat down next to the patient and asked.这很不寻常——我认识的大部分医生从不犹豫。然后,随着光标在屏幕上闪动,他按下了“删除”键,直到患者名字里的每一个字母在搜索栏被清除得干干净净。接着,他做了一件外科医生们已做了几个世纪的事儿:在患者身旁坐下来,问起他的故事。 /201409/329253

5-year-old daughter, wanting her father to help her do something.Father: ;I#39;m so tired, if you praise me, I#39;ll Be fresh.;Daughter: ;Lao Zheng!;Dad: ;Hey!;Daughter: ;Your chick looks really nice ah ......;5岁的女儿让老爸帮她做某事。老爸:“爸爸很累啦,你夸我两句吧,你夸我两句我就又有劲了。”女儿:“老郑!”老爸:“哎!”女儿:“你家妞妞长得可真漂亮啊……”

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