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齐齐哈尔市第一医院在哪里城市活动

楼主:丽新闻 时间:2019年09月19日 16:45:52 点击:0 回复:0
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TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201608/457811Some could then have evolved on land.有的后来在陆地上进化Their fins became legs, they grew five fingers and toes, they started to walk.它们的鳍变成了腿,长出了5根趾或爪,它们开始行走They became tetrapods, our ancestors. Limbs had developed so they could do what we all do: walk on land.它们变成了四足动物——我们的祖先,四肢的进化使它们具备了和我们一样的本领:在地上行走The drying pools theory seemed to explain everything,干涸水塘的理论似乎能解释一切both why we had grown our legs and from what wed evolved.包括我们长出腿的原因以及我们从何而来All they needed to confirm it was to find that very first tetrapod,现在他们只需找出最早的四足动物就能明一切the creature into which the fish had evolved once it was on the land.这种动物正是鱼类在陆地上进化的结果If it was, as theyd predicted, an animal with five fingers and toes then the whole thing would make sense.如果这真和他们预料的那样,这只动物有5根趾和爪,那么整件事就都说得通了Many would seek this mythical beast and for years no one found it,很多人都在寻找这只神秘的动物,可是数年来都一无所获In the 1930s a team of Swedes made a series of trips to Greenland,上世纪30年代,一个瑞典科研小组在格陵兰作了一系列堪察one of the few places in the world with outcrops of Devonian rock.那里是世界上少数几个裸露着泥盆纪岩层的地区之一Their mission: to find that first creature with legs.他们的任务是寻找第一只有腿的动物Among the party Erik Jarvik, Jarviks team found what everyone had been searching forErik Jarvik是研究小组的一员,Jarvik的小组找到了所有人梦寐以求的东西fossils of the very first creature with legs rather than fins. They called it ichthyostega.最早长出腿脚,而不是鳍的动物的化石。他们把它命名为“鱼石螈”。201701/489722And, the further away they are,距离越远的星系the faster theyre moving away from us.远去的速度就越快The galaxies arent like landmarks on normal maps.这些星系不同于普通地图上的地标They dont stand still.它们并不是静止不动的Everywhere we look,不论我们望向何方the most distant galaxies are moving away from us.最遥远的星系都在背离我们而去This is a strange universe,宇宙很奇妙and the explanation is even stranger.对于这种现象的解释也更加奇妙People want to imagine a central point人们习惯想象出一个中心点with everything exploding out from that point,认为所有物体由此迸发而出moving away only from that one central location.从这一中心点向四周扩散Thats really the wrong picture here.这种想法是错误的That makes it sound like were in a special place,这听起来像是我们所处的位置很特别like somehow were at the centre,仿佛位于正中心and everything is moving away from us.所有的事物都在离我们远去But actually its not like that.但事实并不是这样的Theres nothing special about our place in the universe.我们在宇宙中的位置并不特别If we went to another galaxy,换做别的星系wed see exactly the same thing.这一现象依旧不变If you went to a distant galaxy,如果身处遥远的星系they would have the same perspective.你还是会见到同样的景象They would look at all the galaxies around them观察到周围所有的星系and see that they were moving away.都会向远处运动重点解释:1.sound like 听起来像例句:That sounds like an agelong story.这听起来像个久远的故事。2.move away 搬开;搬走例句:Please move away the desk and the chair.请把那个桌子和那把椅子搬开。201706/512277

One of the classic definitions of mindfulness is关于正念的一个很经典的定义就是:that it helps us not cling to whats pleasant and not condemn what is unpleasant它能使我们不去执着地追求使人愉悦的事情和因为不开心的事情而愤慨An example would be if youre driving in New York City and someone cuts you off;例如 你正在纽约开车 某人突然插在你的前面you know,thats unpleasant and one would instinctively have an angry response.那真的很烦人。人会本能地反应出很生气But thats happening all the time,但是这种事情时常发生and if you have an angry response too often, then you become a nightmare yourself.如果你每次都很生气 那么你是在折磨自己So what mindfulness is teaching is that所以正念教会我们的就是:the stimulus, which is someone cutting you off, is different.刺激因素 就像横插在你前面的人 是不一样的Its distinct from your emotional reaction to that thing.它与你的情绪反应是完全不同的So someone could cut you off, you could feel the anger也就是说 某人可能会横插在你前面 你可能会生气but you dont have to act on the anger.但你可以不用把这愤怒表现出来So instead of being driven by your reactions所以 不要被你的本能反应牵着走theres a little bit of (of) room where you can choose to be a different kind of person.你仍有选择做一个不同的人空间So mindfulness basically helps us tolerate the aspects of the (the) external world and the internal world that otherwise are hard to face.如此 正念能很好地帮助我们 接纳难以面对的外在世界和内心世界There are basically two kinds of meditation,冥想主要有两种方式:one, which is a concentration practice,focus your attention on a neutral sensation一种是凝神练习 你将注意力专注于中正平和的感觉上like the feeling of the breath coming in and out of the nostrils,比如感受你的呼吸从你的鼻孔进出or like the repetition of a sound or whats called a mantra.又像是一种声音的重复 或是某种称作咒语的东西And every time the mind wanders, whenever you notice that its wondered ,并且 每当你思维涣散 当你发觉思维不集中时that might be five minutes, ten minutes later when youre lost in thought这种情况可能会持续5分钟 或十分钟but at a certain point, you realize ;oh wait,Im not watching the breath anymore,;某个时刻 你突然发觉 天呐 我没有关注我的呼吸then you bring your mind back to the breath.然后你又重新把你的思绪带回关注呼吸上来Thats called a concentration or a one pointed practice.这就是凝神练习或说是一点式练习And thats the thats the uh… beginning level of mindfulness.这也是正念的起步阶段When you really start practicing mindfulness,等你真正开始了正念练习instead of bringing the mind back every time to a central object,而不是每次都要把你的思绪重新带回到集中的事物上的时候you let the attention go wherever the mind goes让你的注意力随着你的思绪游走So instead of paying attention just to the breath or the mantra,也就是说 不只是关注呼吸或者咒语you pay attention to sounds, you pay attention to thoughts,你也要关注声音 思维you pay attention to feelings, you pay attention to memories,关注感觉 关注记忆you pay attention to worries, to anxieties, to anger, to joy,关注你的担忧、焦虑、气愤、喜悦you pay attention to whatever passes through your mind moment to moment.关注从你脑海里闪过的任何想法And then what you start to see is that ;oh, everything is changing all the time;并且 你开始意识到万物都一直在改变and you learn to pay attention more to process than to content.你学会了更多的关注 是否进步而非满足与否Its really only in the past 50,60 years that the medical establishment has been exposed at all to what mindfulness is.在过去的五六十年代 医药成就已经扩展到正念上And for 20,30 of those years it was like just a new age thing. It was on the periphery.并且 在那段时间中有20、30年 这就像是一个新时代的新事物 并不重要And only through the work of a couple of people like John Kabat-Zinn,只有通过一些像约翰·卡巴金这样的人的努力has mindfulness come into the medical establishment.正念才能够进入到医药领域中来There are a lot of studies that are being done now that are showing the benefit of mindfulness for all kinds of conditions.正进行的一些研究表明了正念在各种情况下的益处And some old colleagues of mine have done some very good work showing并且我的老同事已经完成了不少很好的研究that the steady practice of mindfulness light up areas of the brain这些研究表明正念的固定练习可以振奋忙于that have to do with modulating emotional reactivity应对各种情绪活动的大脑。So I think theres a beginning evidence that the brain is plastic, more plastic than we initially thought因此 我认为 有初步据表明:大脑是可塑的远比我们原本想象的要更具可塑性and that the, you know,what you feed into the brain actually changes the architecture of the brain.此外你储存在大脑的信息也会改变大脑的建构So that its possible to promote, to develop the areas of the brain这样提升和发展大脑的各区域的能力就成为可能,如:that are there for kindness, you know, for altruistic feeling and for the regulation of difficult emotions.感受善良,感受无私和各种复杂的情感的能力。201706/512301

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