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Pilates vs. Yoga健康问答:普拉提还是瑜伽?Question:问:Is Pilates better than yoga for strengthening exercises?在力量练习方面,普拉提是否比瑜伽更好?Asked by Rodin#39;s Muse——Rodin#39;s MuseAnswer:答:The answer depends to a large degree on what it is you#39;re trying to strengthen.在很大程度上取决于你想要增进哪方面的力量。In general, Pilates exercises, originally developed by the fitness trainer Joseph Pilates, target the core muscles around the spine. If your aim is to strengthen your midsection, then Pilates is a fine choice. In a small but well-designed study last year, nine sedentary women who completed 36 weeks of supervised Pilates training bulked up their abdominal muscles by as much as 20 percent, while also lessening any existing muscular imbalances there.总的来说,由健身教练约瑟夫·普拉提(Joseph Pilates)开发的普拉提训练,针对的是脊柱周围的核心肌群。如果你的目标是强化身体中段,那么普拉提是个很好的选项。去年一个规模较小但设计优良的研究发现,九位习惯静坐不动的女性在完成了36周经专人指导的普拉提训练后,腹部肌肉增加了多达20%,该部位原有的肌力不平衡问题也有所缓解。;Pilates can be recommended as an effective method to reinforce the muscles of the abdominal wall and to compensate pre-existing asymmetric developments,; the authors said.“在强化腹部肌肉群,减缓既有的肌肉不对称恶化上,普拉提可以推荐作为一种有效的训练手段,”研究作者表示。But whether such training fortifies the rest of the body is questionable. A review last year of Pilates-related science found little credible evidence that the exercises added muscle or incinerated body fat apart from in the midsection.但这种练习是否可强化身体的其他部位,尚不得而知。去年,一篇有篇普拉提研究的综述认为,现在尚无可靠据明,普拉提练习可以增加身体中段以外其他部位的肌肉或燃烧脂肪。Yoga, however, especially hatha yoga, with its flowing poses, may strengthen larger sections of the body.不过,瑜伽,尤其是哈达瑜伽,因其姿势是流动的,也许能增强全身更广泛的部位。;Depending on the specific style, yoga is a quite intensive exercise intervention,; said Holger Cramer, a research fellow in integrative medicine at the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany, who is studying the physical impact of yoga. A telling 2011 study published in the Asian Journal of Sports Medicine found that after six months of almost-daily sun salutations (a multipart yoga pose) and no other resistance training, young men and women could bench-press significantly more weight and complete far more push-ups and pull-ups than at the start of the study.“视乎特定流派,瑜伽可以是一种颇为激烈的训练干预手段,”德国杜伊斯堡-埃森大学(University of Duisburg-Essen)结合医学研究员霍尔格·克莱默(Holger Cramer)介绍说。他目前研究的是瑜伽对身体的作用。2011年,一篇发表于《亚洲运动医学》(Asian Journal of Sports Medicine)的研究引人注目地发现,一群年轻男女进行拜日式体位练习(这是一种要练习身体各部位的瑜伽体位),而且没有进行其他任何阻力训练,在半年几乎每天勤练不辍的训练后,相比研究之初,他们卧推的重量显著增加,完成的俯卧撑和引体向上数也有明显上升。The upshot? Pilates may be preferable if your primary goal is a solid core, but if you#39;re hoping to strengthen your upper body and goose your push-up tally, you#39;ll probably accomplish more with sun salutations and other yoga moves.结论是?如果你的主要目标是练出有力的核心肌群,普拉提也许是个好选项;可如果你希望强化上半身,做更多的俯卧撑,也许通过练习拜日式和其他瑜伽姿势,能达成这个目标。Do you have a health question? Submit your question to Ask Well.有健康问题?向Ask Well提问。 /201409/326649

Georgina Porteous and Sid Innes could be the world#39;s thriftiest couple after tying the knot in their all expenses spared wedding.乔治娜-波蒂尔斯和希德-英尼斯可能是世界上最节俭的夫妻了,他们的结婚典礼遵从节约一切费用的原则。The couple had their dream wedding in the Scottish Highlands complete with flowers, cake, photographer and even a jazz band without barely spending a cent.这对夫妻在苏格兰高地举办了自己的梦想婚礼。鲜花、蛋糕、摄影师、甚至是一爵士乐队一样都不少,而且他们几乎没花一分钱。The newlyweds, who are into recycling and self-sufficiency, couldn#39;t avoid the 70 pound marriage fee but everything else was either donated or found for free.这对新婚夫妇循环利用物资,自给自足,除了不可避免的70英镑婚姻登记费,每一样物品都是受捐赠得来或免费找到的。The wedding rings were even handcrafted by the bride herself from antlers found in her garden while her vintage wedding dress cost a whopping Pound 1 or .50 - the couple#39;s only other expense.婚戒是新娘亲手用在花园找到的鹿角制作的,而她的复古礼仅花费了“昂贵”的1到1.5英镑,这是除登记费外的唯一花销。Ms Poertious#39;s mother Suzanne, who is a church er, conducted the ceremony in abarn at the couple#39;s home while the guests were all asked to bring a plate of food each.波蒂尔斯的母亲苏珊娜是一位教堂诵经师,她在这对新人家中的谷仓里主持了这场仪式,而参加婚礼的宾客被要求每人带一盘食物。The bride, 36, and groom, 39, were pronounced man and wife by local reverend Peter Donald who offered his services for free, while the photographer offered his services in exchange for some graphic design work by the bride, and the cakes were made by her aunt.新娘36岁,新郎39岁,当地的牧师彼得唐纳德宣布二人结为夫妇。彼得免费提供了这项务,同时摄影师也免费帮忙拍摄,仅以新娘给他一些平面设计作品作为交换条件,新娘的阿姨则为这对新人制作了蛋糕。The couple, got engaged in Berlin last year after meeting in 2009 said they were determined to have the cheapest wedding possible so they could save money for their dream home and honeymoon.这对夫妇2009年相遇,去年在柏林订婚。他们决定尽可能举办最节俭的婚礼,这样就可以存够钱买梦想中的婚房以及好好度蜜月了。 /201309/256715

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