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2019年07月23日 00:05:23    日报  参与评论()人

佳木斯第一人民中医院评论怎么样哈尔滨道里区治疗妇科疾病多少钱Taste is mostly genetic. But appreciating a fine bottle of wine can be learned. One expert, Gary K. Beauchamp, director of the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia, which studies smell and taste and how they affect human health, offers his view of what goes on when we sip.味觉是否灵敏通常由先天决定。但是人们可以通过后天学习来品鉴出一瓶酒的好坏。加里?比彻姆(Gary K. Beauchamp)是费城莫内尔化学感官研究中心(Monell Chemical Senses Center)主任,专注于研究嗅觉、味觉以及它们对人类健康的影响,这位专家给出了自己对于品酒的见解。That Tingly Feeling轻微的刺痛When we talk about flavor, says Dr. Beauchamp, three factors come into play. The first two are the most familiar: The tongue and palate sense the primary taste categories of sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami. And smell receptors at the top of the nose capture molecules floating in the air. In fruit season, for instance, #39;the odors and the tastes interact with different receptors and all converge in the brain, which tells you that this is a peach,#39; he says.比彻姆士说,谈到口味,就必须要提及三个要素。前两个要素我们非常熟悉:舌头和上颚感受几种最基本的口味──甜、咸、酸、苦和鲜味。而鼻腔上部的嗅觉受体捕捉空气中的分子。他说,比如到了盛产水果的时节,桃子的气味和口味与身体中不同的受体相接触,最终汇聚到大脑,告诉你这是一个桃子。For wine, a third factor is also important -- an irritation in the mouth, the throat and the nose that some people like and others find unpleasant. #39;We don#39;t have a good term for it, but it#39;s that sense of pain you feel when you taste something spicy or fermented -- that little stinging,#39; Dr. Beauchamp says.而对于品酒来说,第三个要素也同样重要──一种对口、喉、鼻同时造成的刺激感,这种感受是否讨喜则见仁见智。比彻姆士说,这种感觉就是当你尝到一些辛辣或发酵过的东西时的那种轻微的刺痛感,但我们还没找到一个合适的词语来形容它。For example, #39;If you were to give a spoonful of extra virgin olive oil to people in the U.S., many wouldn#39;t like that burning sensation,#39; says Dr. Beauchamp, who has done studies on this particular condition. #39;But if you give it to people from the Mediterranean, they will recognize the feeling as the sign of the very best olive oil.#39; Enjoying that subtle pain is learned, scientists believe, but Dr. Beauchamp says they don#39;t yet understand how that happens.比彻姆士举例说道,如果你让一个美国人品尝一勺特级初榨橄榄油,多数人都不会喜欢它灼热的口感,他的实验也实了这一情况。但地中海的居民就能从中品尝出极佳橄榄油的感受。科学家们相信,对于那种轻微刺痛感的享受是学习得来的,但比彻姆士表示他们尚未弄清这背后的玄机。Expert Palate“专家级”味觉One of Dr. Beauchamp#39;s colleagues explains that wine flavors are made up of many chemical structures. They arise from materials in the grape, from enzymatic reactions with grape compounds, through alcoholic fermentation and even from the wooden barrels used in the aging process. In the glass, those scents and flavors react with the nose and tongue at different times during sipping, which may cause one person to taste a cherry bouquet and another a leather finish from the same vintage.比彻姆士的一位同事解释道,酒的口感由很多化学成份组成,包括葡萄自身的成份、葡萄化合物的?促反应以及酒精发酵的产物,甚至还包括存放过程中木桶里的成份。品尝一杯红酒,这些不同气味和口味会在不同的时间与鼻子和嘴发生反应,因而同一瓶佳酿既可能如樱桃般醇美,也可能像呛人的皮革一样难以下咽。Professional wine tasters are trained to notice the different flavors that tannins, sugars, acids and various processes give to a particular wine, and to put words to them. But tasters#39; physiology is basically the same as everyone else#39;s. #39;It#39;s not as though they were born with more receptors or grew more over time. They simply developed an ability to notice small differences,#39; says Dr. Beauchamp. #39;With experience, some people can become more attuned to certain smells and tastes, which may lead them to like particular wines more, but their chemistry doesn#39;t change; it#39;s a cognitive effect.#39;专业品酒师能够品尝出丹宁、糖分、酸以及生产工艺所赋予一瓶红酒的不同味道,并对这些味道做出评价。这些品酒师生下来感官并不比别人灵敏。比彻姆士说,他们并非天生就具备更多的感觉受体或随着年龄的增长感觉受体越来越多。比彻姆士说,他们只是训练出辨识酒中细微差别的能力,有了一定的饮酒阅历,人们就逐渐喜欢上某些气味、口味,对特定的酒产生偏好,但这当中的原理只有一个;这是认知效应的结果。Bitter Evolution“苦涩”的进化Among the basic tastes, people seem to differ the most on bitter -- a big factor in appreciating fine wine. #39;It#39;s not exactly clear why there is so much more variation on bitter than sweet and salty. But we have evolved to detect bitter things differently, perhaps to protect us against danger in the environment,#39; he says.在所有基本的口味中,人们似乎对“苦”的感受存在最大的差异,而这恰恰是品酒过程中的一个重要因素。比彻姆士说,至今仍不清楚?什么相较于甜、咸的口感,人们对苦的感受差别巨大。然而是人类的进化让我们对苦产生不同的感受,因而这或许是?了更好地保护自身远离环境中的危险。And because so many factors are at work in the preference for certain wines, it would be very difficult for one person to tell another what he should like.因为如此多的因素共同决定了我们对于酒的偏好,所以品酒是一个因人而异的事情。#39;Take your genetics plus your experience, and we are all living in our own sensory world,#39; Dr. Beauchamp says. For that reason, he has one simple recommendation: Enjoy what you enjoy, and don#39;t worry about what the other guy is savoring.比彻姆士说,遗传加上阅历,造就了我们每一个人的感官世界。也正因如此,对于品酒,他的建议很简单:喝自己爱的酒,让别人说去吧。 /201311/263751哈尔滨哪个医院治疗乳房病好 Talk about fashion with a long lead time: Today, May 20, marks the 141st birthday of the Levi#39;s 501 jean. As CEO Chip Bergh remarked at Fortune#39;s Brainstorm Green conference in Laguna Niguel, Calif., ;We are the ultimate in sustainable apparel. If you buy [our jeans] they will last a lot longer than most people#39;s waistlines will.; Levi#39;s are also, Bergh said, the No. 1 brand in secondhand apparel stores.今天我们来说说一个具有悠久历史的时装品牌:5月20日是李维斯(Levi#39;s )501牛仔裤的141岁生日。在《财富》杂志(Fortune)于加州拉古纳尼古尔主办的绿色头脑风暴大会(Brainstorm Green)上,李维斯CEO奇普·伯格表示,“我们把可持续装做到了极致。如果你购买我们的牛仔裤,它们的使用寿命将比大多数人的腰围长得多。”伯格说,李维斯也是二手装店的头号品牌。At a time when throwaway, or ;fast; fashion remains dominant, Levi Strauss amp; Co. is something of an anomaly. Not only are its clothes known for their durability and longevity, but the company is far ahead of the sustainability curve, especially for an apparel company.在这个一次性或“快速”时装依然占主导地位的时代,李维斯公司(Levi Strauss amp; Co)多少有点另类。它的装不仅以耐用性和长寿著称,而且这家公司也远远领先于可持续发展曲线,尤其是对于一个装公司而言。One of the most innovative ideas Bergh discussed was part of the company#39;s Wellth initiative, a small Dockers collection that is, in his words, ;sustainable in every facet of the word,; which means both economically and socially sustainable. Not only are the clothes much greener -- made with much less energy and water out of fabrics that are easier to recycle -- but they are manufactured in plants where workers#39; well-being is measured and meets high standards. For now, it#39;s just an experiment, and a ;premium-priced; one at that, available in Europe (and online in the U.S.), but Bergh says he is ;encouraged; by early results.伯格讨论的最有创意的想法之一是Dockers品牌旗下的一个小时装系列,它是该公司Wellth行动的组成部分。用他的话说,“这个单词的每一面都是可持续的,”意味着经济和社会发展的可持续性。这款装不仅更加环保(面料更易于回收,耗费的能源和水也比过去少得多),而且它的加工工厂按照高标准来衡量工人们的福利。就目前而言,它只是一个实验,这款“高价”产品已在欧洲门店上市(美国消费者需要在网上购买),但伯格说,早期的销售成绩“让他备受鼓舞”。Bergh also had some surprising things to say about how to reduce water use in his business. Only half of water usage happens in the jean production process, which means that the other half happens at home, when the customer washes his jeans repeatedly in order to end up with the right color and fit. Levi#39;s is producing a line of products called ;Waterless,; which you can request in stores.此外,谈到该公司如何减少水消耗时,伯格也说了一些令人惊讶的事情。牛仔裤的生产用水只占用水量的一半,这意味着另一半是在家中消耗的——为了保裤子颜色正,更加合身,顾客反复地洗他的牛仔裤。李维斯正在生产一款名为“无水”(Waterless)的系列产品,消费者现在可以在门店订购。And if you want to do your part for sustainability, Bergh has another idea: Stop washing your jeans. ;These jeans have yet to see a washing machine,; he said of the dark blue pair he wore onstage, which he#39;s owned for an entire year. ;I have yet to get a skin disease.; Still, one has to hope those jeans will be washed before they celebrate their second birthday -- let alone their 141st.如果你想为可持续发展尽一份力,伯格提出了另一个建议:别洗牛仔裤。“这条牛仔裤还没有见过洗衣机呢,”他说的是自己身上那条已经穿了一年的深蓝色牛仔裤。“我并没有患上皮肤病。”尽管如此,人们还是希望在这条牛仔裤庆祝它的第二个生日(更不用说第141个生日)之前,奇普·伯格最好能把它洗一洗。 /201405/300897Hitler#39;s secret addiction to crystal meth:The Fuhrer took #39;Breaking Bad#39; drug before ranting at Mussolini... and in hislast days in the bunker希特勒对冰毒的鲜为人知的嗜好Adolf Hitler was a regular user of crystalmeth–one of the most feared and addictive illegal substances on today#39;s blackmarket and the drug at the heart of the hit TV series Breaking Bad – researchhas shown.研究发现阿道夫希特勒经常食用冰毒。A 47-page wartime dossier compiled by American Military Intelligence reveals that Hitler, a notorious hypochondriac,took an astonishing 74 different medications including crystalmethamphetamines.《美国军事情报》发表的这份47页的战时卷宗显示作为忧郁症患者的希特勒用过74种不同的药物,其中就包括冰毒。Manufactured by the fictionalteacher-turned-drug dealer Walter White in Breaking Bad, the drug is prized by addicts for the feelings of euphoria it produces. But it was also valued by themilitary during the war as a drug which could help combat the effects offatigue.用冰毒可以产生精神愉悦的感觉。而且在战时,军队也会使用它来抵抗疲劳。The Fuhrer is believed to have taken crystal meth before a meeting with Mussolini in the summer of 1943, when heranted non-stop for two hours. And he had nine injections of a drug calledVitamultin, which contained meth-amphetamine, during his final days in hisbunker.据认为,1943年夏天时,希特勒在与墨索里尼会面前吸食了冰毒,随后连续不断的演讲了两个小时。而且在位于地下碉堡的最后日子里,他还九次注射了一种称为Vitamultin的药物,这种药物中就包含有冰毒。The dossier also debunks one of the most enduring legends about the Fuhrer – the claim that he lost a testicle when hewas injured at the Battle of the Somme. Morale-boosting ditty #39;Hitler has onlygot one ball#39; was popular during the Second World War and his admirer y Mitford suggested he #39;lacked something in the manly department#39;.这份卷宗还揭穿了有关希特勒的一个长久以来的传说——说希特勒在索姆河战役中受伤而失去了一个睾丸。振奋士气的小调《希特勒只有一个睾丸》在二战期间非常流行,他的爱慕者米特福德说希特勒“缺乏男子气概的某些东西”。But the American records, which feature ina Channel 4 documentary, show the dictator was not monorchid (the medical termfor being born with one testicle). They also shoot down claims that Hitler wasa predatory homosexual who massacred 150 supporters to hide his secret.但是第四频道纪录片中播出的这份美国卷宗显示这名独裁者并非只有一个睾丸。也否认了希特勒是谋杀了150多名持者以掩盖秘密的肉食性同性恋。An entry written in November 1945, based on the Fuhrer#39;s medical records andinterviews with doctors who treated him, including his physician Dr Theodor Morell, states: #39;He was neither a pervert nor a homosexual. His sexual organs showed no indication of abnormality.#39;其中有一个写于1945年11月的一个条目,该条目基于希特勒的医疗记录及对治疗过他的医生的采访,包括他的私人医生Theodor Morell士,条目中写道:“他既不是性欲反常者也不是同性恋。他的性器官没有半点畸形。”Hitler fell under the spell of Dr Morell, who ran a clinic in Berlin, in 1936.He gave him medication called Mutaflor to cure stomach cramps, and Hitler became a devotee. Morell then prescribed the barbiturate Brom-Nervacit, them orphine-based drug Eukodal, bulls#39; semen, to give him a test osterone boost,and Pervitin, a pill containing crystal meth.1936年,希特勒为Theodor Morell士所折,他当时在柏林开了一家诊所。他给希特勒开了叫做Mutaflor的药以治疗他的腹部绞痛,随后希特勒就成了他的信徒。Morell后来又给他开了巴比妥类药物Brom-Nervacit,以及以吗啡为基础的Eukodal,还有公牛的,以促进其睾丸素的增加,还给他开了一种包含bingdu的药品,叫做Pervitin。Morell also gave him two artificial stimulants, Coramine and Cardiazol. To counteract the effect of the stimulants, Morell gave Hitler more sedatives. Bythe end of 1943, the Fuhrer was dependent on a destructive mix of uppers anddowners.他还给他开了两种人造兴奋剂,Coramine和 Cardiazol。为了中和这两种药物的效果,他又给他开了更多的镇定剂。到1943年底为止,希特勒就一直依赖于兴奋剂和镇定剂的用,相当具有破坏性。Bill Panagopoulos, an American collector who discovered the dossier, said: #39;Morell was a quack and a fraud and a snakeoil salesman.#39;Bill Panagopoulos是发现这份卷宗的美国收藏家,他说:“Morell就是个庸医和骗人的商人。”#39;He should not have been practising medicine anywhere outside a veterinary clinic.#39;“他就适合当兽医。” /201410/335596哈尔滨医科大学附属第四医院打胎流产要花多少钱

哈尔滨医院免费咨询热线哈医大一院四维彩超预约 The topic of trust is an important factor in all matters of the heart — and here’s why. Men lie to women. Women lie to men. And most people agree that some lying is even necessary — to avoid petty squabbles and to grease the wheels of a relationship.感情最重信任——但事实是,男女之间往往充满谎言。不过,很多人也认为,谎言是避免无谓的争论、缓和人际关系的必要手段。以下就是男人最常说的七个慌。1. “Me? I graduated top of my class.”1. “我读书的时候,成绩顶呱呱!”This is a classic case of the runaway male ego, designed to present a man in the best light and impress a woman. When the lies continue into marriage, it’s not long before the truth will out.这句经典谎言恰恰诠释了潜在的大男子主义,为男人在女人心中留下了完美形象。不过,一旦结婚,真相不久便会水落石出。 /201405/294601哈尔滨宫颈糜烂多少钱

哈尔滨比较好可视无痛人流价格From Poland with love: Polish townerects fluorescent yellow statue of Lenin urinating called #39;Fountain of theFuture#39;.来自的波兰的爱:波兰城镇树立起发亮的黄色列宁撒尿雕像,雕像名字为“未来喷泉”。As the founder and architect of the Soviet Union, Vladimir Illych Lenin has been immortalisedin statuary countless times throughout the former Eastern Bloc.作为苏联的成立者和塑造者,在整个前东欧国家,人们通过雕像的形式无数次的使列宁不朽化。But this is probably the first time theMarxist revolutionary has been rendered in fluorescent yellow - while taking aleak. 而与以往都不同的是,此次列宁以发亮的黄色呈现,而且还伴随着撒尿。 /201407/310805 哈尔滨微创无痛人流手术费用哈尔滨维多利亚妇科医院女子妇科医院

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