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2019年05月26日 17:11:21来源:99健康

Growth Report Signals US Recession美GDP第三季收缩 美学者As many analysts expected, the U.S. gross domestic product, or GDP - the value of goods and services produced in the ed States - experienced negative growth during the third quarter of this year. The Commerce Department says economic activity contracted at a 0.3 percent annual rate. 象许多分析人士预计的那样,美国国内生产总值(GDP)在今年第三季度经历了负增长。商业部表示,经济活动折合成年率收缩了百分之零点3。Economists say it is a sign that the U.S. economy is headed toward recession. Consumer spending fell sharply in September as people worried about their jobs, savings and value of their homes, contributing to negative economic growth - a sharp contrast to nearly three percent annualized GDP growth during the second quarter. 经济学家们说,这是美国经济陷入衰退的迹象。9月份消费者出急剧下降,人们担心自己的工作、储蓄和房屋价值,从而导致了经济的负增长。这同第二季度GDP出现近百分之3的增长形成鲜明对照。On Thursday, Nouriel Roubini from New York University told the U.S. Congress Joint Economic Committee that recession - officially defined as at least two consecutive quarters of negative economic growth - is looming. 星期四,纽约大学的诺利尔·罗比尼教授在美国国会参众两院联席经济委员会作时表示,至少连续两个季度经济出现负增长才能被正式界定为经济衰退,而这种衰退正在来临。"Everybody out there feels it is a recession," said Roubini. "It is obviously a recession. The only debate at this point is how severe, how long and how protracted, in my view." “人们都有衰退的感觉。在我看来,这显然是一场衰退。目前唯一有争议的是衰退有多严重,持续多长时间。”A three percent drop in consumer spending was the first decline since 1991 and the biggest drop since 1980. The cut back had a particularly adverse effect on auto sales. Consumer confidence fell as the global credit squeeze and stock market decline intensified. 消费者出下降了百分之3,这是1991年以来首次下降,也是1980年以来的最大降幅。消费者出的下降尤其对汽车销售产生了负面影响。随著全球信贷紧缩和股市下降的加剧,消费者的信心也在下滑。Former International Monetary Fund chief, economist Simon Johnson told the Joint Economic Committee that the U.S. government needs to boost spending to avert a catastrophic downturn. 国际货币基金组织的前总裁、经济学家西蒙·约翰逊在国会联席经济委员会上说,美国政府需要刺激消费,以避免经济出现灾难性下滑。"We should consider a fiscal stimulus on the order of 0 billion, roughly three percent of U.S. GDP, which would be an extraordinary step to take under any circumstances unless you think we are entering into a potentially serious and prolonged recession," he said. “我们应该考虑实行一个4500亿美元的财政刺激方案,金额大约占美国GDP的百分之3。这是在任何情况下都需要采取的额外措施,除非你们认为美国可能正在陷入一场严重的、持久的衰退。”An earlier stimulus plan approved by Congress in February totaled only 0 billion. 国会今年2月通过的刺激方案的金额只有1500亿美元。Economist Nouriel Roubini, who predicted the fall in home prices, says Congress needs to turn from supporting financial institutions on Wall Street to helping struggling consumers. 经济学家罗比尼曾经预计到房屋价格下降,他说国会需要从持华尔街金融机构转为帮助陷入困境的消费者。"Unless we also support Main Street by making sure that aggregate demand is not going to collapse, six months from now everything we've done to backstop the banks is going to be undone by collapse in aggregate demand," he said.  “除非我们通过确保总的消费需求不会崩溃而同时也对广大民众提供持,否则在半年之内,我们为持所做的所有努力将会因总的消费需求崩溃而付诸东流。”Roubini says the government has aly committed trillion to recapitalize the banking system. Massive increases in government spending have aly pushed the federal deficit to near record levels. 罗比尼说,政府已经动用了三万亿美元重整体系的资本。政府开的大量增加已经把联邦赤字推到几乎创纪录的水平。200810/54597。

  • Banking crisis lessons learned Were bankers sorry enough? A member of Britain's Parliament, Colin Breed, discusses the bankers' apologies. A: I think they probably were bearing in mind what they have lost personally. But of course, they were saying sorry on behalf of their organizations which have affected literally millions of people-shareholders,pensioners , account holders,and of course the taxpayer.B: What did you learn today that you didn't learn before, besides just the threat of the event?A: Probably two things. One is that those they will charge with taking the final decisions in such, probably didn't have sufficient experience or training to really understand the Risk Management issues. And secondly, I think the speed with which this event occurred, like... like, it was liken into a tsunami, if you like, this morning. I think that came across; there is something that perhaps we didn't quite understand. We believe, in fact, there was plenty of time for the bankers to adjust their policies and their business models. But they were saying that "no", there was so little time for changing. I think that took about surprise.B: It was fairly horrifying to listen to so many people basically saying and that this happens so quickly. But also that perhaps they didn't fully understand the entire market. There seemed to be people who were extremely qualified but not qualified in this area--running banks.A: I think it's exactly right. And I think they relied far too much on outside advice, most notably, of course, the Credit Ratings Agency. From my point of view, it seemed almost impossible that you can consider a mortgage to someone who had no assets, no income and no job, who had ever been part of a AAA derivative.B: You are a politician. You have to justify the billions of dollars and pounds being spent. And are you angry, are your constituents telling you they are angry? And do you get the feeling that this anger is simmering or is building?A: There is genuine anger, but the need to actually undertake such a huge bailout of taxpayers' money to people who apparently, and I say "apparently", are still being able to access or have access to bonuses which they have been paid on fictitious profits. And I think there is still no end to the situation, many people feel that we may not be at the end yet. There may still have to be even more government assistance one from another to get us out this enormous hole of the banks' dark forest.B: Are you angry as a politician?A: I am angry as a politician and as a former banker myself, because I think that I’m very proud of profession and a banking history which goes back to centuries has been brought down to this sort of ignominy. And I am angry of that and I am angry they have actually had to resort to huge amount of taxpayers’ money which could be much better spent on other things.GLOSSARY1. bear in mind v.记住 牢记不完 2. literally Really; actually:真实地;确切地(表示强调语气)3. Risk Management 风险管理 4. come across 来到, 偶遇, lt;口gt;给人印象深刻 不期而遇,交付 5. Credit Ratings Agency 信用等级评价机构 6. derivative n.派生的事物, 派生词adj.引出的, 系出的7. constituent n.委托人, 要素adj.有选 举权的; 8. simmer vt.慢煮 煨, 炖, n.将沸腾的状态,9. fictitious profit 虚构利润 10. government assistance n.政府援助 11. ignominy n.耻辱02/62585。
  • Gordon Brown has arrived in India for a two-day visit, pledging to forge stronger trade links and cooperate against terrorism. But the fate of Northern Rock continues to dominate his tour. The prime minister denied he's aly struck a deal with Sir Richard Branson. Our political editor Gary Gibbon reports from Delhi.Well Gordon Brown's here in India to talk about aid, trade and counter-terrorism. He attended a women's empowerment event when he arrived here in Delhi. And a short while after that, he had this to say about how he wanted more international cooperation on counter-terrorism.What I would like to see is greater contact between our two countries in winning the battle of hearts and minds, isolating extremist ideologues who are trying to poison young people and the views that they have.Tomorrow Gordon Brown's gonna be talking about what he calls global governance, changes to institutions like ed Nations. He wants India to have a seat on the Security Council. But he wants a lot else as well. He's talking about a sort of force, a bit like the Blue Berets, the military forces that the ed Nations currently deployed to troubled countries. He wants a backup as it were a blue suit force which could include teachers, judges, doctors, people who can come in when a country is in dire difficulty. But there is another issue that is dogging him around here and it is in a way personified by the ever-present, Sir Richard Branson, boss of Virgin. He's been following the prime minister on his tour and insisting at every turn that there are no secret negotiations going on between the two of them when it comes to the sale of Northern Rock. This is what the prime minister himself had to say about that today.I can reassure people entirely that any negotiations about Northern Rock will be taking place in London. If a number of commercial companies are expressing interest in the future of Northern Rock, then it is right that the government explore all options available to us. But as I said the prime minister is gonna be talking about the ed Nations and other matters tomorrow when he's here in Delhi but his heart and mind are gonna be very much back in London where the Chancellor will be making a very important statement about Northern Rock. The prime minister wants people to think that he's no longer on the back foot on Northern Rock, he's taken a grip of the situation and that he is not bailing out whoever buys Northern Rock. Will it look like that? Will it sound like that? Will people think that the government is actually making a sweetener for Richard Branson or whoever buys Northern Rock? That will be the key moment tomorrow. Gordon Brown will be watching from a distance here in Delhi.200810/53540。
  • China, US, Vow to Work Together to Help Global Economy美中承诺改善全球经济 加强环保 China and the ed States have agreed to work together to help alleviate the effects of the global financial crisis. The two countries also touted environmental cooperation, at a just-concluded round of high level economic talks. 中国和美国同意共同努力,减少全球金融危机造成的影响。在刚刚结束的最新一轮高层经济对话中,双方还强调加强环境保护合作。China and the ed States just completed the fifth round of the so-called Strategic Economic Dialogue, which has been held twice a year since 2006. 中美两国刚刚结束了第五轮战略经济对话。从2006年以来,战略经济对话一年举行两次。Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson, who led the US delegation, said the two days of meetings were productive and straightforward. In his closing comments, Paulson announced one of the concrete results of this round.  美国代表团团长、财政部长保尔森说,历时两天的会议是卓有成效和开诚布公的。他在会议结束时的讲话中宣布了本轮对话的一个具体成果。"To support trade flows during this period of financial turmoil, the US and China announced today that our two Export-Import Banks will make available an additional billion for trade finance, particularly for creditworthy importers in developing countries," said Paulson. “为了在当前的金融动荡中促进贸易往来,美国和中国将额外提供200亿美元的贸易资金,特别用于发展中国家里信用良好的进口商。”This amount will support an eventual billion in annual financing from the ed States and China to help global trade. 为了促进全球贸易,美中两国最终每年将提供380亿美元的贸易资助,而这200亿美元是对380亿美元的补充。Another result was strengthened Sino-American cooperation on conserving energy and protecting the environment. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Steve Johnson gave details. 对话的另一项成果是加强两国在节能和环保领域的合作。美国环保署署长史蒂夫·约翰逊谈到了合作的细节。"We have now in place, not just a vision, but we put in place five action plans, covering areas such as clean air and clean water and conservation, clean electricity production and transportation," Johnson said. "And we've added a sixth task, an action plan for energy efficiency." “我们不仅策划,而且落实了五个行动计划,覆盖的领域包括干净的空气、洁净的饮水和节水、以及干净的发电和输电。我们还增加了第六项任务,那就是能源效能行动计划。”This is the last such meeting under the Bush administration. The head of the Chinese delegation, Vice Premier Wang Qishan, said he hopes President-elect Barack Obama will keep the high level exchanges going. 这是布什政府离任前的最后一轮美中战略经济对话。中方代表团团长、副总理王歧山说,他希望美国当选总统奥巴马将维持两国间高层次的交流。Wang says the Chinese side looks forward to continue what he called a "candid and pragmatic dialogue" with the new U.S. administration.The Chinese official said China and the ed States have become interdependent, and that better Sino-American cooperation is good for the whole world. 王歧山还说,中国和美国已经变成相互依存,中美关系的进一步好转对整个世界都有好处。200812/58067。
  • Global road safety全球道路安全Fighting road kill 向道路杀手宣战The WHO has a plan to make the world’s roads less lethal 世界卫生组织已经制订了一个计划,旨在减少道路死亡May 12th 2011 | NEW YORK | from the print edition | International SOME mortal threats grab all the attention. Malnutrition, HIV/AIDS and cancer win over rock stars to the cause and provoke grown-ups to wear plastic bracelets. At the other end of the spectrum, past meningitis and diarrheal disease, lies road safety—which has been largely neglected on the global stage. But not for a lack of urgency. Globally, road accidents were the ninth leading cause of death in 2004. By 2030 they could be the fifth, above HIV/AIDS and lung cancer.一些致命的威胁引起了所有的关注。营养不良,艾滋病和癌症这些比摇滚歌星能引起青少年的关注。另一极端的说法就是,道路安全与脑膜炎和腹泻(造成的伤害)相当——这在世界范围内很大程度上被忽略了。这并不是说这不紧急。就全球来看,道路交通事故在2004年是死亡原因中位列第九。到2020年这可能会位列第五,排列艾滋病和肺癌之前。The World Health Organisation (WHO) is now trying to make roads less deadly. On May 11th it launched a “decade of road safety”, with a plan to save 5m lives and prevent 50m serious injuries by 2020. Officials from Vietnam to Mexico declared themselves determined to prevent traffic deaths. A new road-safety “tag” even graced landmarks in New York, London and Rio de Janeiro.世界卫生组织现在正在试图减少交通事故的死亡。5月11日,世卫组织发起了“道路安全十年”行动”,并且计划到2020年,挽救500万生命,避免5000万人受重伤。来自越南以及墨西哥的官员表示,他们会全力防止交通死亡。甚至在纽约,伦敦,里约热内卢就有一个新的道路安全“标签”地标。201105/137343。
  • Along the way,they breathe in the clean air and 1 the vastness of nature. They are constantly surprised by the new and exciting views,whether they've been massive mountains or coastal landscapes. Luss and Carlo are getting closer to the coast. The weather here is known to change suddenly. They are in luck---the sun's come out. And from the comfort of their camper van,they have a panoramic view of this perfect summer's day. Norway is a land that has an abundant amount of water. The coast including all the fjords and coves,measures over 20,000 kilometers. Norwegian churches have their own unique architecture. They are called Stave churches and characteristically feature overlying towered pitched roofs. To protect them from the cold climate,they are covered with wood shingle. The dragon heads are to ward off demons from the house of God. The small-scale churches originated in the time of the Vikings in the 12th century and only a few remain. After all this time in nature,Carlo and Luss are y to explore a big city. They travel to the well known harbor city in Bergen on the southwest coast. Most of the city was destroyed in a series of fires. Only one quarter of the old-style Medieval town of Bryggen remains. These 2 building has been listed as a cultural heritage site by UNESCO. This mixture of past and present gives the old town its charm. 注释:① breathe vi. 呼吸;低语;松口气;(风)轻拂vt. 呼吸;使喘息;流露;低声说例句:1. And all I can breathe is your life.何况我唯一能呼吸的就是你的生命。2. Can you even breathe in those pants?你穿那条裤子还能呼吸吗?② originated v. 起源,发起;发明(originate的过去式,过去分词);准备呼叫例句:1. The style of architecture originated from/with the ancient Greeks. 这种建筑风格起源於古希腊。2. The quarrel originated in rivalry between the two families. 这次争吵是两家不和引起的。③UNESCO: ed Nations Educational,Scientific and Cultural Organization 联合国教科文组织课后题目: 学习完后,你能告诉我文章中空缺的单词吗?201110/156750。
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