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2019年08月23日 10:23:15来源:京东晚报

And we managed to boil it down to nine.我们试图归结为九点In fact weve done two more Blue Zone expeditions since this其实在这次蓝区远征前and these common denominators hold true.我们已经调查了两个蓝区And the first one,第一个and Im about to utter a heresy here,我想说个异端邪说,none of them exercise,他们谁都不运动at least the way we think of exercise.至少是我们认为的运动方式。Instead, they set up their lives反而建立他们的生活so that they are constantly nudged into physical activity.以便常常进行体力伙动。These 100-year-old Okinawan women这些100岁的冲绳女人are getting up and down off the ground, they sit on the floor,在地上上来下去,30 or 40 times a day.每天坐地上30到40次。Sardinians live in vertical houses, up and down the stairs.撒丁岛人居住在垂直房屋里,上下楼梯Every trip to the store, or to church每次去商店,教堂或朋友家里or to a friends house occasions a walk.都走上片刻。They dont have any conveniences.没有任何方便性。There is not a button to push to do yard work or house work.做打扫工作和家务没有按钮一按则使用。If they want to mix up a cake, theyre doing it by hand.如果想做蛋糕,就自己动手。Thats physical activity.这就是是体力劳动。?That burns calories just as much as going on the tmill does.这个燃烧的热量和跑步机上消耗的一样。When they do do intentional physical activity,进行惯常体力运动,its the things they enjoy. They tend to walk,是他们享受这些事情的时候。他们常常步行,the only proven way to stave off cognitive decline,这被明是防止认知降低的唯一方法,and they all tend to have a garden.并且他们人人有花园。They know how to set up their life in the right way他们知道如何安排生活so they have the right outlook.因此有正确的观点。Each of these cultures take time to downshift.每种文化都不慌不忙地变换。The Sardinians pray. The Seventh-Day Adventists pray.撒丁岛人祈祷。再生论者也祈祷。The Okinawans have this ancestor veneration.冲绳人有祖先祭拜的规约。But when youre in a hurry or stressed out,但是你的匆忙或压力引发的that triggers something called the inflammatory response,炎症反应which is associated with everything from Alzheimers这些都与老年痴呆症和心血管疾病disease to cardiovascular disease.都有关系的。When you slow down for 15 minutes a day每天减缓行动15分钟you turn that inflammatory state这种炎症into a more anti-inflammatory state.就能变成一种反炎症状态。They have vocabulary for sense of purpose,冲绳人把这个目的感叫做ikigai, like the Okinawans.有意义的生活。You know the two most dangerous years in your life一个人一生中最危险的两年are the year youre born, because of infant mortality,一是出生的时候,因为婴儿死亡率高and the year you retire.另外就是退休的时候These people know their sense of purpose,这些人知道他们的生活目的感and they activate in their life, thats worth about seven years他们生活活跃,能有7年of extra life expectancy.的额外寿命。Theres no longevity diet.没有长寿食品Instead, these people drink a little bit every day,这些人每天就喝一点酒,not a hard sell to the American population.酒是不用强行卖给美国人的。They tend to eat a plant-based diet.他们常吃蔬菜食品Doesnt mean they dont eat meat, but lots of beans and nuts.不是说不吃肉但是吃很多豆类和坚果。And they have strategies to keep from overeating,他们有办法避免饮食过量,little things that nudge them away from the table at the right time.几乎没有什么能把他们推向餐桌。And then the foundation of all this is how they connect.这些的根本是他们如何联系。They put their families first,把家庭放在第一位,take care of their children and their aging parents.照顾孩子和年迈的父母。They all tend to belong to a faith-based community,他们的社区建立在诚信基础上,which is worth between four and 14这个能增加4到14年extra years of life expectancy的生命。if you do it four times a month.当然,你一月至少要做四次才可以。And the biggest thing here这里最重要的事情是is they also belong to the right tribe.他们属于一个正义的群体。They were either born into他们或者生在正义之家or they proactively surrounded themselves with the right people.或者是主动和正义之士呆在一起。We know from the Framingham studies,从弗雷明翰研究中我们得知that if your three best friends are obese如果你有三个好朋友都肥胖there is a 50 percent better chance that youll be overweight.你也有一半肥胖的可能。So, if you hang out with unhealthy people,所以如果你和不健康的人在一起thats going to have a measurable impact over time.随时间推移会受到很大影响。Instead, if your friends idea of recreation如果你朋友的主意is physical activity, bowling, or playing hockey,是体力活动,打保龄球或打曲棍球biking or gardening,自行车或园艺工作,if your friends drink a little, but not too much,他们饮酒适量and they eat right, and theyre engaged, and theyre trusting and trustworthy,饮食适度,他们投入工作值得信任,that is going to have the biggest impact over time.最后就会对你产生最大影响。Diets dont work. No diet in the history of the world食物没有什么用,历史上没有一种食物has ever worked for more than two percent of the population.能养活2%的人口。Exercise programs usually start in January;练习项目通常在一月开始theyre usually done by October.十月结束。When it comes to longevity至于长寿,there is no short term fix没有药片或其他什么东西in a pill or anything else.能在短期内奏效。But when you think about it,但当你想到your friends are long-term adventures,你的朋友是长期的冒险活动时,and therefore, perhaps the most significant thing you can do因此,它是你为增加寿命和让生命生机勃勃能够做的最重要to add more years to your life,的事情and life to your years. Thank you very much.谢谢201507/386874。

  • Hi, everybody. This week, America came together to salute our veterans – to express our appreciation to all who served so that we might live free. But our gratitude should extend beyond what our veterans have done for us in the past. It should remind us of our responsibilities to serve them as well as they have served us. It should compel us to keep our veterans central to the ongoing work of this nation. In recent years, weve made historic investments to boost the VA budget, expand veterans benefits, and improve care for our wounded warriors. Weve now slashed the disability claims backlog by nearly 90 percent from its peak. Were reducing the outrage of veterans homelessness and weve helped tens of thousands of veterans get off the streets. The veterans unemployment rate is down to 3.9 percent – even lower than the national average. Of course, were not satisfied. Weve still got more work to do – and Ive directed my Administration to keep doing everything it can to fulfill our promise to our veterans. But this isnt just a job for government alone. We all have a role to play. Less than one percent of Americans are serving in uniform. So its true most Americans dont always see and appreciate the incredible skills and assets that our veterans can offer. But every American should know that our veterans are some of the most talented, capable people in the world. Theyve mastered skills and technologies and leadership roles that are impossible to teach off the battlefield. They know how to get stuff done. And as our veterans will tell you themselves, theyre not finished serving their country. Theyre teachers and doctors, engineers and entrepreneurs, social workers and community leaders. They serve in statehouses across the country and in Congress. As I tell small business owners and CEOs on a regular basis, if you want to get the job done, hire a vet. Every sector, every industry, every community in this country can benefit from the incredible talents of our veterans. Our troops and veterans give us their very best. Thats what a soldier named Captain Florent Groberg proved. Three years ago, on patrol in Afghanistan, Flo saw a suicide bomber coming toward his unit. Without hesitating, Flo grabbed him by his vest and helped push him to the ground. When the bomb went off, Flo was badly injured, and four of his comrades were killed. But many more were saved because of Flos sacrifice. Flo represents the very best of America – and this week, I was proud to present him with the Medal of Honor for his actions. Veterans like Flo, they deserve our undying gratitude. They deserve the chance to keep serving the country they risked everything to defend. And so we must come together to keep giving them that chance, not just on Veterans Day, but on every single day of the year. May God bless all those who serve and all who have given their lives for our country. And may God bless the ed States of America.201511/410158。
  • My Dad became a professor at uh... Michigan State,我的父亲后来成了···密歇根州立大学的教授,and I was an incredibly lucky boy.我是一个非常幸运的孩子。A professor’s life is pretty flexible,教授的生活安排是非常有弹性的,and he was able to spend oodles of time raising me.父亲能有大量的时间来培养我。Could there be a better upbringing than university brat?还有比大学校园更适合培养孩子的地方吗?What I’m tryingto tell you, this is WAY more than a homecoming for me.我想告诉大家的是,来这儿对我的意义绝对不仅仅是重回旧地。It’s not easy for me to express how proud I am to be here, with my Mom, my brother and my wife Lucy,我是多么的自豪能与我的妈妈、哥哥、露西and with all of you, at this amazing institution that is responsible for my very existence.还有你们大家齐聚这里,这个见了我成长的时候神奇地方。I am thrilled for all of you,我为你们感到骄傲,and I’m thrilled for your families and friends,为你的亲朋好友感到骄傲,as all of us join the great, big Michigan family I feel I’ve been a part of all of my life.我们都加入了伟大的、我一直视为生命一部分的密歇根大家庭。What I’m also trying to tell you is that I know exactly what it feels like to be sitting in your seat,我还想说,我很清楚你们坐在座椅上listening to some old gasbag give a long-winded commencement speech.听一个老家伙在毕业典礼上长篇大论的感受。Don’t worry.不要着急。Ill be brief.我会简短地说。I have a story about dreams.我有一个追梦的故事,Or maybe more accurately, it’s a story about finding a path to make those dreams real.或者更确切地说,这是一个找到梦想成真之路的故事。You know what it’s like to wake up in the middle of the night with a vivid dream?你们知道,午夜从一个逼真的梦境中醒来是什么感觉吗?And you know how, if you don’t have a pencil and pad by the bed, it will be completely gone by the next morning?你们知道如果床边没有纸笔,而第二天一早就忘个精光又会怎样吗?201308/252029。
  • And in my own life--in my own life, in my own small way, I have tried to give back to this country that has given me so much. See, thats why I left a job at a big law firm for a career in public service, working to empower young people to volunteer in their communities, because I believe that each of us--no matter what our age or background or our walk in life--each of us has something to contribute to the life of this nation.在我自己的生活中,我以自己渺小的方式回馈这个曾给予了我太多太多的国家。这就是我为什么辞掉在一家大法律公司从事公职的工作,转而从事授权年轻人成为社区志愿者的公益事业,因为我相信我们每个人——无论我们的年龄、背景或行业如何——我们每个人都对这个国家有所贡献。And its a belief Barack shares, a belief at the heart of his lifes work. See, its what he did all those years ago in Chicago, setting up job training to get people back to work and after-school programs to keep kids safe; working block by block to help people lift up their families. Its what he did in the Illinois Senate, moving people from welfare to jobs, passing tax cuts for hardworking families, and making sure women get equal pay for equal work. Its what hes done in the ed States Senate, fighting to ensure that the men and women who serve this country are welcomed home not just with medals and parades, but with good jobs and benefits and health care, including mental health care.巴拉克也坚守这个信念,这是他终生工作的核心理念。数年前他在芝加哥建立工作培训点,帮助人们重新回到工作岗位,他建立课后计划以保孩子们的人身安全,他一个街区接一个街区地帮助人们鼓舞家庭士气。在伊利诺伊州的参议院工作的时候,他帮助那些吃救济粮的人们找到工作,他通过了为辛勤的劳工家庭设立的减税法案,保障了妇女同工同酬的权利。在担任美国参议员的时候,他争取保海外役人员回国后享受到的不仅仅是奖章和游行欢呼,还有好的工作、福利待遇以及健康保健,包括精神方面的健康保健。 /201308/254718。
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