楼主:妙手生活 时间:2019年08月18日 01:43:28 点击:0 回复:0
Keeping your tank full is very important so you don’t end up being unable to focus and not being able to keep your eyes open. Sometimes it may be you are not getting enough sleep but, it probably is because of what you are eating.Here are some tips to make you keep your energy constant through the day.Don’t go hungry. It’s difficult to do anything if you haven’t eaten enough or at all, so to keep our blood sugar from dropping, you need to eat small meals during the day. It is recommended to have three normal sized meals plus two snacks per day. Choose things that are whole-grain like oatmeal with fruit.Don’t go thirsty. If you don’t have enough to drink you can get light-headed, dizzy, headachy and a little confused. An increased heart rate and breathing rate are common, too. Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water a day to prevent this from happening to you.Save your sport drinks. Plain water does the trick for hydration but if you easily tire out when you exercise a sports drink will be for you. Sports drinks have glucose, a sugar your body uses for energy, and electrolytes, something you lose when you sweat.Pick the best protein. Protein doesn’t give you a big burst of energy that would get from fruits or b, but it will give you the power for your levels to be even. Some good sources of protein include chicken, fish, lean meat, low-fat dairy, buts and nut butters.Include supplements to your daily routine. A lot of energy comes from making sure you are eating the right things. To make sure everything is covered taking a multivitamin can be your extra insurance.Limit the fat you eat. If you are eating fat for energy it doesn’t really need to be there. Usually it just ends up making you feel sluggish. Fat slows digestion. Make sure you are getting all your vegetables and fruits in during the day. It will be a great pick me up! 饱腹很重要,这样你就不会难以集中注意力,也不会觉得眼睛睁不开。有时候可能因为睡眠不足,但更可能和你吃的东西有关这里有几个能让你整天精力充沛的方法别饿着不吃饱或不吃东西是很难做事情的,所以为了保持血糖浓度稳定,你每天就需要加点小餐。也就是建议你除了一天三正餐之外,还得吃些小点心。选些粗粮食品如水果燕麦。别渴着如果你一天没有摄取足够的水,你就可能感觉头晕,头痛,还可能有些迷糊。心跳加快呼吸频率升高也很正常。一天6到8杯水可以避免出现这些情况。准备一些运动饮料白开水在你的身体内进行水合作用,但是如果你很容易感觉疲劳的话,运动饮料就很适合你。它包含提供人体所需要能量的葡萄糖和出汗时所流失的电解质。选优质蛋白质蛋白质不会象水果或面包那样一下释放很多的能量,但它会让你的身体能量保持基本恒定。优质蛋白质来源包括鸡,鱼,瘦肉,低脂奶类,坚果日常附加物吃得好才能精力充沛。吃些多维生素片是保持一切正常的额外保险。限制脂肪的摄入如果你想以摄取脂肪了获得能量,大可不必。通常它们只会让你反映迟钝。脂肪能够减缓消化。每天摄取充足的水果和蔬菜,会使你大有改善。 /200806/40949Buddy is a sleeping beauty: Reddish brown, he's usually asleepon his back, snoring loudly with his large tongue lolling out.He was wide-awake Monday, though, when he was crowned winner of a "Beautiful Bulldog" contest."He doesn't have a good stamina to him ... he's been laying around all winter," said George DuBois from Ankeny, Iowa, who owns Buddy with his wife, Cindy. "Just in the last 10, 15 days we've done some walking. We've been getting in shape for this."Buddy was among 50 bulldogs from mostly Midwestern states who came to compete. The contest was among events leading up to the Drake Relays, one of the nation's oldest and most prestigious track and field competitions."I'm so excited. I didn't think he had what it took to get it," said Cindy DuBois.Buddy competed unadorned, unlike many of his rivals. They dressed up as fairy princesses, rock stars, cheerleaders, bumblebees and even Snow White and Mr. T.Bella Star of Elmwood, Ill., had her nails painted red and wore a Hawaiian lei, pink bikini top and a grass skirt. The skirt slipped off as she strutted down the "dogwalk" before the judges.Buddy panted heavily as he sat on his throne, getting used to his new crown and cape as photographers snapped his picture. On Saturday, he'll ride in a golf cart at Drake Stadium before about 18,000 spectators."I don't think he really wants attention all that much," said George DuBois. "He's just a rascal." 一身红棕毛的巴迪可是个名副其实的“睡美人”:他总是仰面朝天,拖着大舌头,呼呼大睡。但周一那天他很清醒,因为他夺得了“最靓斗牛犬选美大赛”的冠军。巴迪是来自艾奥瓦州安科尼市的乔治#8226;杜波伊斯和妻子辛蒂的爱犬。乔治说:“巴迪体力不好,整个冬天他几乎都在躺着。直到比赛前10天到15天,我们才带他出去遛了遛,主要是为比赛做准备。”今年的选美比赛共有50只斗牛犬参加,其中大多数来自美国中西部地区。该比赛拉开了德雷克大学接力赛的序幕,德雷克大学接力赛是美国最古老、最具名望的田径赛事之一。辛蒂说:“我太激动了。没想到他能拿冠军。”参赛的斗牛犬们有的打扮得像公主、有的像摇滚明星、有的像拉拉队队长、大黄蜂,有的甚至打扮成了白雪公主和Mr.T。而与其它参赛选手不同的是,巴迪几乎“未施粉黛”。来自伊利诺伊州艾尔姆伍德市的参赛选手贝拉#8226;斯塔尔涂着红指甲、头戴夏威夷花环,身穿粉色比基尼内衣和草裙。不过她在裁判面前秀“步”时,草裙不慎滑落。巴迪气喘吁吁地坐在冠军宝座上,头戴王冠、身穿披风,从容不迫地面对摄影师的镜头。他将于本周六乘坐一辆高尔夫球车进入德雷克体育馆,与约18000名观众见面。乔治说:“他肯定不愿受到这么多关注。他只不过是个淘气鬼。” /200804/36816Some time ago now I came to realize that how we define particular words - success, happiness, love, etc - can have a major impact on the way in which we live our life. One term that I hear thrown around often is “good life”, eg “he lived a good life” . But what is a good life exactly? This term will mean different things to different people, and yet I believe there are some ingredients that all “good lives” share. Here are a some of these ingredients:Being present in the momentLife is a succession of moments. To live each one is to succeed. - Corita KentTo live is the rarest thing in the world. Most people exist, that is all. - Oscar WildeGratefulnessGratefulness is the key to a happy life that we hold in our hands, because if we are not grateful, then no matter how much we have we will not be happy - because we will always want to have something else or something more. - Brother David Steindl-RastLoveLove doesn’t make the world go ’round; love is what makes the ride worthwhile. - Franklin P. JonesLife is the flower for which love is the honey. - Victor HugoA life lived for othersWe make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give. - Winston ChurchillSqueezing the most out of our timeAnd in the end, it’s not the years in your life that count. It’s the life in your years. - Abraham Lincoln… we get to think of life as an inexhaustible well. Yet everything happens only a certain number of times, and a very small number, really. How many more times will you remember a certain afternoon of your childhood, some afternoon that’s so deeply a part of your being that you can’t even conceive of your life without it? Perhaps four or five times more. perhaps not even that. How many more times will you watch the full moon rise? Perhaps twenty. And yet it all seems limitless. - Paul BowlesLiving with purposeThe purpose of life is a life of purpose. - Robert ByrneAcceptance that life will bring sadnessThere are as many nights as days, and the one is just as long as the other in the year’s course. Even a happy life cannot be without a measure of darkness, and the word ‘happy’ would lose its meaning if it were not balanced by sadness. - Carl JungLiving without fearOnly when we are no longer afraid do we begin to live. - Dorothy ThompsonTwenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn’t do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover. - Mark TwainNot taking life too seriouslyDo not take life too seriously. You will never get out of it alive. - Elbert HubbardDo you have a e that you would like to share? Or perhaps even your own definition of what a “good life” is? Please share it in the comments below… 不久前,我认识到我们如何定义一些特定的词-成功,快乐,爱等,就会对我们生活的方式产生重要的影响。我经常听到的一个词就是美好的生活,比如他有一个美好的生活,但究竟什么才算是一个美好的生活?虽然不同的人对此有不同的理解,但我相信所有的“美好的生活”中均分享着一些要素,以下就是这些要素。活在当下生命是时刻的连续,而活在每一刻就是成功。-柯利塔#8226;肯特活着是世上最珍贵的,大多数人只是存在,仅此而已。-奥斯卡#8226;王尔德感恩感恩是我们握在手中的开启快乐生活的钥匙,因为如果我们不懂感恩,那么不管我们拥有多少,我们也不会开心-因为我们总会想要拥有其他东西或者想得到更多。-布拉德#8226;大卫#8226;#8226;斯泰德#8226;赖斯特爱爱没有使世界转动,但正是它,使周游世界变得有价值。-富兰克林#8226;本杰明人生是花朵,爱情是花蜜。-雨果一种为了他人而活着的生活我们靠获得的东西生存,但我们靠给予的东西生活。-温斯顿#8226;丘吉尔最大地压榨我们的时间生命,不在乎享受多少年,只在乎真正活过多少年。-亚伯拉罕#8226;林肯我们可以把生命视为取之不尽,用之不竭的。然而,这一切仅发生在一定数量的时代,且仅占一个很小的数目,这是真的。有多少次你会记得你童年的某一个下午,而那个下午已经成为你生命里最深的一部分以至于你认为你甚至不能设想你的生活没有它?也许你会想起它4次到5次以上,也许甚至没有。有多少次你会观赏月亮的升起?也许是20次。然而,这一切似乎是无限的。-保罗#8226;鲍尔斯有目的地活着生活的目的就是过一种有目的的生活。-罗伯特#8226;拜恩接受生活也会带来悲伤有多少个夜晚,就有多少个白天,并且在一年当中,这两个的时间长度是一样的。即使是一个愉快的生活也要有阴暗的衡量,而“快乐”如果没有“悲伤”的对照,它也会失去了它的意义,-卡尔荣无畏地活着我们唯有不再害怕我们才能开始生活。-桃乐丝#8226;托马森二十年后,当你回顾你所经历的事情时,你将为没有尝试的事情而感到后悔。所以从现在起,仍掉你的安全套结,从安全的港口启航,和信风一起航行,开始探险,去追求你的梦想吧!-马克#8226;吐温不要对生活太认真别对生活太认真,否则你将永远不能摆脱它活着。-艾伯特哈伯德你有你想要分享的谚语吗?或者是你自己对“美好生活”的定义?有的话请吧这些写在下面的评注栏里… /200806/42275A survey released on Monday shows 81 percent of Americans do more than drive when they're behind the wheel.Talk on the phone while you're driving? Fix your makeup? Check e-mail? You're not alone.A survey released on Monday shows 81 percent of Americans do more than drive when they're behind the wheel.More than eight of 10 people surveyed by Nationwide Mutual Insurance said they adjust the radio or music while they drive, while 73 percent talk on the phone, 68 percent eat, 19 percent send text messages and 5 percent checked their e-mail.Personal hygiene was also a big driver distraction, with 19 percent fixing their hair, 12 percentputting on makeupand 2 percent shaving while at the controls of a car."Clearly Americans have much to do and little time to do it, so to cope with that we've become multi-taskers," said Bill Windsor, associate vice president of Safety at Nationwide."The problem with that is driving requires focus, and multi-tasking while driving puts you and your fellow drivers at risk."Drivers in the survey also admitted to changing seats with passengers, watching a movie, painting their toenails, nursing a baby and putting in contact lenses while driving.Younger drivers multi-task the most, the survey found, with 35 percent of 18-to-27 year olds saying they always multi-task in the car, compared to 21 percent of baby boomers.Windsor said the consequences for young drivers are severe, with car accidents being the number one cause of death for Americans aged 18 to 27."The bottom line is if it can be done in the kitchen, bathroom, office or bedroom, it should not be done in the car," Windsor said.While some U.S. jurisdictions require hands-free devices for cellphone use in cars, most of the activities listed in the survey are not illegal unless they are determined to be the cause of an accident.The survey of 1,200 drivers between the ages of 18 and 60 found that while 83 percent believe they are safe drivers, 38 percent admitted they have driven a certain distance without any recollection of doing so. 你开车的时候你会做些什么?打电话?补妆?还是是查收邮件?本周一公布的一项调查显示,81%的美国人开车时“一心多用”。这项由全美互助保险公司开展的调查显示,80%以上的人说他们开车时调过广播或音乐,73%的人打过电话,68%的人吃过东西,19%的人发过短信,另有5%的人说他们查收过电子邮件。此外,处理个人卫生也是司机们开车时常做的事情。调查显示,有19%的人在开车时整理过头发、12%的人化过妆、还有2%的人刮过胡子。全美互助保险公司安全部副主席比尔·温莎说:“由此可见,美国人每天需要处理很多事情,但时间又总是不够,所以经常‘一心多用’”。“但问题在于,开车的时候一定要集中注意力,如果三心二意则会让你自己和路上的其他司机都面临危险。接受调查的司机承认他们在开车时曾与乘客交换过座位、看过电影、涂过脚趾甲、给孩子喂过奶,还戴过隐形眼镜。调查发现,年轻司机在开车时最容易分心。在18至27岁的司机中,有35%的人说他们开车时常会做一些其它的事情,而这一比例在“婴儿潮”这代人中则为21%。温莎说,年轻司机开车时三心二意会造成严重后果,车祸是美国18至27岁这一年龄段的人死亡的头号杀手。“问题是,如果一件事情能在厨房、浴室、办公室或卧室里处理,就不应该在开车时处理。”尽管美国一些辖区规定必须在车上安装手机免提接听装置,但此项调查中所列的大多数行为如果不是事故发生的直接原因,则都被认定为合法。这项共有1200名年龄在18岁至60岁的司机参加的调查发现,83%的人认为自己是安全驾驶,38%的人承认他们开了一段距离之后才意识到自己在开车。 /200803/32940China has become the first country to exploit Natural Gas Hydrate (NGH, or Gas Hydrate) resources at sea, and the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and the State Council sent a message of congratulation to the country#39;s team in the South China Sea, it was reported last Thursday.根据上周四的报道,中国成为了首个在海洋开采天然气水合物资源的国家,党中央国务院给在南海的团队发来了贺信。According to the official website of the China Geological Survey (CGS) under the Ministry of Land and Resources, China has successfully exploited NGH in the South China Sea#39;s Shenhu sea area.根据国土资源部地质调查局官方网站,中国已在南海神狐海域成功开采了天然气水合物。They have been able to exploit NGH for seven consecutive days, proving that China is able to stably collect NGH, the CGS said.地质调查局表示,他们已经能够连续七天开采可燃冰,这明中国有能力稳定地采集可燃冰。The mining location is at a depth of 1,266 meters, about 285 kilometers southeast of Hong Kong, China Central Television (CCTV) reported.据中国中央电视台报道,开采地的深度达到了1269米,位于香港西南258千米处。The CPC Central Committee and the State Council sent messages of congratulation to all staff and scientists related to the mission and said that this is a significant scientific achievement for humanity, CCTV reported.央视报道称,中共中央国务院向与该任务相关的全体员工和科学家致以了贺信,并表示这是一项对人类有重大意义的科学成就。NGH is commonly known as ;combustible ice; as it looks like ice and burns easily, and it is mainly found in deep-sea sediments or permafrost areas. It consists of 80 to 99.9 percent methane and produces much less pollution than coal, oil and natural gas.天然气水合物通常以“可燃冰”著称,因为它看起来像冰,且易燃,它主要被发现于深海沉淀物或者是永久冻土区域,它由80%到99.9%的甲烷组成,比煤、石油和天然气产生的污染要少很多。The planet#39;s abundant reserves of gas hydrate could potentially sustain mankind#39;s current energy needs for about 1,000 years, so it is regarded as an important alternative to polluting fossil fuels like oil, coal and natural gas.地球丰富的天然气水合物储量可维持人类当前的能源需要约1000年,因此它被视为煤、石油和天然气这种污染性化石燃料的一个重要替代物。;Currently, more than 30 countries and regions have carried out research and exploration into combustible ice and moderate progress has been made in recent years,; people.cn reported.人民网报道称:“目前,已经有30多个国家和地区对可燃冰展开了研究和探测,并在近年取得了一定的进展。” /201705/511555

It#39;s the most expensive cheese in the world, produced by just one farm in Serbia, but donkey cheese could be the next cult food item.驴奶酪是世界上最昂贵的奶酪,全球仅有塞尔维亚一家农场生产,但其有望成为新一代热捧食品。Although incredibly rare, the cheese is being hailed as a health food thanks to its nutritional value - donkey milk is exceptionally high in protein, calcium and omega 3 fatty acids, which in turn are extremely good for maintaining cardiovascular health.虽然极其稀有,但因其营养价值,驴奶酪被称为健康食品——驴奶的蛋白质、钙质和欧米伽3脂肪酸含量都异常地高,这对保持心血管健康大有裨益。With more and more people claiming to have an intolerance to cow#39;s milk and cheese, the donkey alternative is becoming an increasingly attractive option.随着越来越多的人自称有牛奶和牛奶酪不耐受症,驴奶酪也越来越受欢迎。However donkey cheese#39;s hefty price tag means it#39;s unlikely you#39;re going to see it on the shelves of your local Sainsbury#39;s any time soon - the cheese costs 880 per kilo.然而,驴奶酪高昂的价格意味着它近期不太可能出现在你当地的塞恩斯伯里超市货架上——因为它每千克的售价为880英镑。Slobodan Simi#263; is the world#39;s only producer of donkey cheese - he does it all on his farm in Zasavica, 50 miles west of the Serbian capital Belgrade.斯洛丹.西米奇是全球驴奶酪唯一的生产商——他在位于塞尔维亚首都贝尔格莱德西边50英里处的扎撒维卡农场完成全部生产过程。Despite starting out with just 12 donkeys 16 years ago, Simi#263;#39;s herd has now grown to nearly 300. The reason the cheese, known as pule, is so expensive is that it takes 25 litres of fresh donkey milk to make a single litre of cheese.16年前,西米奇仅仅有12头驴,而如今农场的牲畜数量已接近300。 驴奶酪,即“普勒”奶酪如此昂贵的原因在于25升新鲜驴奶仅能做出1升奶酪。What#39;s more, donkeys produce a lot less milk than cows or goats to start with.另外,驴的产奶量比奶牛或山羊要少得多。On Simi#263;’s farm, the female donkeys are milked by hand three times a day.在西米奇的农场,每天要给母驴手工挤3次奶。But the difficulty in creating cheese lies in the fact that donkey milk doesn#39;t have enough casein to coagulate - how Simi#263; gets around this is a closely-guarded secret.但制造驴奶酪的困难在于驴奶的酪蛋白不足,难以凝成奶酪——至于其秘方,西米奇严守如瓶。Although not many people in the world have tasted the rare cheese, it is said to be similar to Manchego with a rich, nutty, earthy flavour and a crumbly texture.尽管世界上尝过稀罕的驴奶酪的人并不多,但据说,其与曼彻戈奶酪相似,味道浓郁深厚,有坚果口味和乡土味道,且口感松脆。One person who is a fan of the filling cheese, however, is Novak Djokovic, who was a few years ago reported to have bought the whole supply, a claim he denied.网球名将诺瓦克.德约科维奇就是驴奶酪的狂热爱好者之一。据报道,他曾在几年前买断所有的驴奶酪。但他对此予以否认。And if legend is to be believed, Queen Cleopatra was also a fan - she is said to have bathed in asses milk to maintain her beauty.如果古埃及传说是可信的话,埃及艳后克利奥佩特拉也钟情于驴奶酪——据称她用驴奶沐浴以使容颜永驻。Donkey milk has a number of health benefits which make it superior to cow#39;s milk - it has 60 times as much vitamin C as the more common milk.驴奶的健康益处数不胜数,使之优于牛奶——其维C含量是普通牛奶的60倍。Donkey milk also has anti-allergen properties and is just 1% fat.驴奶还含有抗过敏物质,而且脂肪含量仅占1%。What#39;s more, it#39;s been claimed that consuming even just a tiny amount daily can help tackle asthma and bronchitis.另外,据称只要每日食用少量驴奶就有助于治疗哮喘和气管炎。But unless it becomes cheaper to produce, it#39;s unlikely donkey cheese is going to give the wider population a health-boost any time soon.然而,若其价格一直居高不下,驴奶酪的健康价值也无法早日惠及大众。 /201611/480859

WASHINGTON — Federal auto safety regulators on Monday made it official: They are betting the nation’s highways will be safer with more cars driven by machines and not people.华盛顿——联邦汽车安全监管机构周一正式宣布:它们认为,美国公路上的车辆更多地由机器驾驶时将比由人驾驶更安全。In long-awaited guidelines for the booming industry of automated vehicles, the Obama administration promised strong safety oversight, but sent a clear signal to automakers that the door was wide open for driverless cars.自动汽车行业正蓬勃发展,在这份人们期待良久的行业指导意见中,奥巴马政府承诺要进行强有力的安全监管,但也向汽车厂商发出了一个清晰的信号:面向无人驾驶汽车的大门是完全敞开的。We envision in the future, you can take your hands off the wheel, and your commute becomes restful or productive instead of frustrating and exhausting, said Jeffrey Zients, director of the National Economic Council, adding that highly automated vehicles will save time, money and lives.我们设想,在未来,大家可以把双手从方向盘上拿开,出行时不再心情不佳、疲惫不堪,而是能够休息或做其他的有用的事情,国家经济委员会(National Economic Council)负责人杰弗里#8226;齐恩茨(Jeffrey Zients)表示。他还称,高度自动化的车辆将能节省时间和金钱,挽救生命。The statements were the most aggressive signal yet by federal regulators that they see automated car technology as a win for auto safety. 这是联邦监管机构迄今发出的最为积极的信号,传达出它们认为自动汽车技术有利于驾车安全。Yet having officially endorsed the fast-evolving technology, regulators must now balance the commercial interests of companies including Tesla, Google and Uber with concerns over public safety, especially in light of recent crashes involving semiautonomous cars.不过,既然正式持了这项快速演进的技术,监管部门现在必须要在特斯拉(Tesla)、谷歌(Google)和优步(Uber)等公司的商业利益与外界对公共安全的关切之间取得平衡,尤其是考虑到近期曝光的涉及半自动汽车的几起撞车事故。The policies unveiled on Monday were designed to walk that line. 周一出台的政策即意在达到这种平衡。In a joint appearance, Mr Zients and Anthony Foxx, secretary of the ed States Department of Transportation, released the first guidelines, which outlined safety standards and encouraged uniform rules for the nascent technology. 齐恩茨与联邦运输部长安东尼#8226;福克斯(Anthony Foxx)共同出面,发布了首批指导意见,其中列出了安全标准,并鼓励对这项新兴技术制订统一规则。The instructions signaled to motorists that automated vehicles would not be a wild west where companies can try anything without oversight, but were also vague enough that automakers and technology companies would not fear over-regulation.指导意见向驾车者发出了信号——自动汽车不会是各家公司在没有监管的情况下为所欲为的盲区——但也足够模糊,不会让汽车厂商和科技公司担心监管过度。Driverless and semiautonomous cars have aly hit the open roads, forcing regulators to keep up. 无人驾驶与半自动汽车已经上了公路,迫使监管部门要跟上步伐。Tesla, the electric-car maker, has sold tens of thousands of cars with a self-driving feature known as Autopilot. 电动车厂商特斯拉售出了数千辆带有Autopilot自动驾驶功能的汽车。The company has been grappling with the fallout from the death in May of a Florida driver who had the car’s Autopilot on, as well as a report last week of another crash in China where the technology was turned on.今年5月,佛罗里达州的一名司机在开启Autopilot功能的情况下车祸身亡,上周又有报道称,中国发生过一起事故,当时正在使用该项技术。特斯拉正在应对它们的后果。Tesla plans as soon as this week to download new software to its cars. 特斯拉计划最早在本周让旗下汽车产品下载新软件。The company’s chief executive, Elon Musk, has said the new software will include improvements to Autopilot that could have avoided the fatal accident in May.公司首席执行官埃隆#8226;马斯克(Elon Musk)表示,新软件将包含对Autopilot的改进,可以避免5月的那类致命事故。Uber, the ride-hailing giant, began trials in Pittsburgh last week to let its most loyal customers order rides from driverless cars through their smartphone app. 上周,叫车务业的巨头优步开始在匹兹堡测试,让最忠实的顾客通过它们的智能手机应用叫无人驾驶车辆。Google has been testing self-driving cars in its hometown Mountain View, Calif., and rivals including Apple are also exploring similar technology.谷歌一直在总部所在的加州山景城测试旗下的自动驾驶汽车,而包括苹果(Apple)在内的其他一些竞争对手也在探索类似技术。Last year, there were nearly 40,000 deaths in the ed States from auto-related accidents, the deadliest for automotive-related deaths since 2008 and the largest year-over-year percentage increase in 50 years, according to the National Safety Council.根据国家安全管理委员会(National Safety Council)公布的数据,去年,全美有近4万人死于与汽车有关的事故,是2008年以来死亡人数最高的一年,还取得了50年来最大的同比增幅。Karl Brauer, senior editor at Kelley Blue Book, an auto research and valuation company, said the new guidelines strike a balance between ensuring safety as automakers develop self-driving cars and making sure the introduction of lifesaving technology is not delayed unnecessarily.汽车调研与评估公司凯利蓝皮书(Kelley Blue Book)的高级编辑卡尔#8226;布劳尔(Karl Brauer)表示,新出炉的指导意见权衡了两方面的需求:一方面是汽车厂商开发自动驾驶车辆时要保障安全,另一方面则是确保这种能挽救生命的技术不会在没必要的情况下推迟运用。We are in this weird transition, Mr Brauer said. 我们正处在尴尬的过渡期,布劳尔说。It’s a tough balance for the regulators. 对监管部门来说是个艰难的平衡。You want to get this technology out, but you don’t want to move too quickly.你既希望让技术出台,又不希望步子迈得太快。The new guidelines on Monday targeted four main areas. 周一的新指导意见针对四个主要领域。The Department of Transportation announced a 15-point safety standard for the design and development of autonomous vehicles; called for states to come up with uniform policies applying to driverless cars; clarified how current regulations can be applied to driverless cars; and opened the door for new regulations on the technology.运输部公布了适用于设计与开发自动车辆的15点安全标准;呼吁各州推出无人驾驶车辆方面的统一政策;澄清了目前的监管规定如何适用于无人驾驶车辆;以及为有关这一技术的新监管开辟道路。Currently, driverless cars face a patchwork of state regulations. 目前,无人驾驶车辆面临零散的州级监管规定。In the last three years, about a dozen states have passed laws that specifically address testing of driverless vehicles. 过去三年里,十余州通过了专门针对测试无人驾驶车辆的法律。Most laws require a licensed driver to be in the car.这类法规中,多数要求车里要有取得驾驶的司机。Mr Foxx said states would continue to regulate the licensing of drivers and insurance. 福克斯部长表示,将继续由各州监管驾驶与保险事宜。But Mr Foxx affirmed the agency’s oversight over the software technology used in driverless cars.不过,他申明由运输部监管在无人驾驶车辆中使用的软件技术。What we are trying to do is avoid a patchwork of state laws, Mr Foxx said.我们是在尽力避免州级法律带来的不成体系的问题,福克斯说。The federal guidelines were welcomed by auto manufacturers. 此次发布的联邦指导意见受到了汽车生产厂家的欢迎。Ford, which is targeting fully autonomous vehicles by 2021 for ride-sharing, said in a statement that the guidance will help establish the basis for a national framework that enables the safe deployment of autonomous vehicles. 福特的目标是在2021年为拼车务生产出全自动汽车。公司发表声明称,指导意见将为能够实现安全利用自动车辆的全国性框架奠定基础。We also look forward to collaborating with states on areas that complement this national framework.我们还期望与各州合作,共同推进完善这一全国性框架。The government’s endorsement will speed up the rollout of autonomous cars, experts said, potentially within the next five years.专家表示,政府的表态将会加快自动汽车的推出,有可能在未来五年内就实现这一点。It helps companies by providing some cover. 它为企业提供了某种保护,从而对它们有所帮助。If a car crashes, courts may look to these guidelines to help us determine what was reasonable and not, said Bryant Walker Smith, a professor at the University of South Carolina.假如出了车祸,法院可以参照这些指导意见来帮助我们认定什么是合理的,什么又不是,南卡罗来纳大学(University of South Carolina)教授布莱恩特#8226;沃克#8226;史密斯(Bryant Walker Smith)说。Large automakers in particular have made big strides in the technological development of driverless cars but have been wary of introducing those features too quickly without the backing of federal regulators.尤其是,大型汽车厂商正在无人驾驶车辆的技术开发上取得长足进步,却又担心在没有联邦监管机构的持下过快引入这类功能。Big companies love certainty and targets that they need to aim for, said Brad Templeton, a consultant and publisher of Robocars.com.大公司喜欢有确定性和可以让它们去瞄准的目标,Robocars网站的顾问兼出版人布拉德#8226;坦普尔顿(Brad Templeton)说。 /201609/467296

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