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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年07月23日 00:05:58
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Premature and low birth weight babies are surviving as never before, thanks to treatments available in neonatal intensive care units. That's mainly true in rich countries. But a new study suggests that these high-tech, high-intensity hospital services make economic sense in middle-income countries, too.新生儿重症监护室的医护措施使现在早产儿和体重过轻新生儿的存活率比以往大幅度提高。这主要是在富裕国家的情况。但一项新的研究认为,这种高科技的重症监护务,中等收入国家在经济上也是行得通的。The often amazing results from neonatal intensive care comes at a hefty price in rich countries — doctor and hospital bills often climb into the tens of thousands of dollars, or more.在富裕国家里,新生儿重症监护的效果令人称奇,但往往伴随高额费用。来自医生和医院的账单,经常高达数万美元,甚至更多。Medical care is cheaper in countries like Mexico, but people have less money, and there are many other competing medical needs.在墨西哥等国家,看病吃药虽然便宜一些,但人们口袋里的钱也比较少。而且,还有许多其它迫切的医疗需求。So Joshua Salomon of the Harvard School of Public Health and his colleagues analyzed the costs and results of neonatal intensive care in Mexico. Using government data, they factored in the costs of medical care plus the costs of taking care of babies who survived with mental or physical disabilities against the value of longer life for babies who might not otherwise have survived. 哈佛大学公共卫生学院的乔舒亚·萨洛蒙教授和他的同事们分析了墨西哥新生儿重症监护的费用和成效。他们根据政府的资料,计算医疗费用加上有心理或生理残疾的婴儿日后的医护费用,然后将这笔钱与因此存活下来的婴儿的较长寿命的价值相比。Salomon says they concluded neonatal intensive care is a very good investment.萨洛蒙说,他们的结论是,新生儿重症监护是一笔非常好的投资。201012/121608A brass band played martial tunes under a tent in pouring rain at a civic event marking the date 100 years ago that Korea formally came under Japanese rule.瓢泼大雨中,铜管乐队在一个帐篷下演奏军乐,纪念朝鲜半岛100年前正式被日本吞并。Many Asian historians say that was the result of an unfair treaty forced upon the Korean kingdom. 很多亚洲历史学家认为,那是强加于朝鲜王国的不平等条约导致的结果。It turned out to be a brutal experience for Koreans. Their language and culture were suppressed. Millions of Koreans found themselves working for the Japanese in deplorable conditions, some effectively slave laborers. 对朝鲜半岛人民来说日本的殖民统治是一段残酷经历。他们的语言和为文化受到压制,数以百万计民众在恶劣条件下为日本人做苦力,有些人完全变成了奴工。The two rival Koreas - which have no diplomatic relations with each other - have now been independent for 65 years. But many on both sides of the border say the wounds have not healed. 朝鲜半岛上南北韩两个至此都没有外交关系的敌对国家都已经独立存在了65年时间,但是双方很多民众都说,殖民统治留下的伤痕还没有愈合。North Korea is making a fresh demand for reparations, noting the recent apology by Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan was only directed at South Korea. 北韩注意到最近日本首相菅直人的道歉是针对韩国做出的,因此最近提出要日本进行赔偿。201008/112578

Airlines the world over have been going through torrid times, so it is no surprise that we’ve seen so many rushed into each other’s arms to merge, getting protection from consolidation. And after a long 60-month negotiation process, British Airways and Spanish Airlines Iberia are finally joined forces, creating a huge multi-million pound airline, a prospect aviation experts are pretty excited by. “It does make a very very strong airline, one that can, if it played its card right, if it gets its service right, if it gets their customers what they want, it can gain lot of revenue potential in the end, and of course, over the cost of synergy benefits as well.”And those synergies or savings, the company said would eventually be 360m pounds. The two global airlines combined will have more than 400 planes, and their passenger numbers are about the same. But even though British Airways has almost twice as many as the staff of Iberia, unions said they won’t worry about job losses. “I don’t think we have anything to fear about this. I think it could be good positive news. Er, for what at the moment seems to be a struggling airline. No one would want to see British Airways struggle. We everybody wants to see is a really good, sound, successful airline.”However, this deal gives Iberia 45% and British Airways 55% of the company, considerably less than the 60% the BA boss / wanted earlier in the talks. But his company’s huge losses and pension black hole are thought to have paid for those ambitions.But for customer, this is all about the choice of routes. At the moment if you want to travel to North or Central America or the middle of Far East, British Airways is the way to go. But Iberia has Latin America stitched up. So in theory, after the merger, let’s say you want to go from Dubai to Rio de Janeiro, it would be a lot easier for you and a lot more profitable for the company. In fact, BA customers will now have access to 59 new destinations, and Iberia will get to fly to 98 new airports. But until this recession is over and the market picks up, the new company is very unlikely to make any new profit at all.11/89592

  Homeland Security Chief: Bush Has Kept America Safe美国土安全部长赞布什安全政策  Outgoing U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff says the fact that U.S. territory has not been attacked since September 11, 2001, is the central accomplishment of his four years in office. Chertoff credits the policies of U.S. President George Bush with keeping America safe from further attacks. 即将离任的美国国土安全部部长切尔托夫表示,美国国土自2001年9/11事件后没有遭到攻击是他在任4年最主要的成绩。切尔托夫将功劳归于布什总统让美国安全免遭进一步攻击的政策。Michael Chertoff told an audience at Washington's Georgetown University Thursday he is proud of having helped to guard against acts of terrorism.  切尔托夫星期四在乔治城大学演讲时表示,他对能够协助同恐怖主义进行斗争感到骄傲。"In the dark days immediately following September 11th, when the smoke was still emanating from the smoldering fires underneath the World Trade Center, no one would have predicted that there would have been no successful attack on American soil in the following seven years," he said. 他说:“在9/11之后的黑暗日子里,当世界贸易大楼的废墟仍然烟雾迷漫的时候,没有人能够预测在未来7年里美国领土不会出现更多的恐怖袭击。”Chertoff says the absence of attacks since 2001 is a direct result of President Bush's anti-terrorism policies. 切尔托夫说,自2001年以来没有再发生恐怖袭击,是布什总统反恐政策的直接结果。One of those policies is the U.S.A. Patriot Act, an act of Congress Mr. Bush signed into law in 2001, broadening government powers to conduct surveillance and gather intelligence. While some provisions of the legislation have been controversial, Chertoff says the Patriot Act has enhanced his agency's ability to protect the country. 其中之一的政策是国会和布什总统于2001年签署的爱国法,扩大了政府进行侦测和收集情报的权力。切尔托夫说,虽然这项法律的某些条款引起争议,但是这项爱国法还是加强了国土安全部保护美国的能力。"I would not wish on anybody who has the responsibility to protect the American people, and to look into the eyes of people who lost loved ones in terrorist attacks, as have done, I would not wish on them having to put a blindfold back on so they could not adequately assure the public and themselves that everything possible was being done to protect America," he said. 切尔托夫说:“我不希望任何有责任保护美国人民的人像过去一样去面对那些在恐怖攻击中失去亲人者的眼睛,我不希望他们被戴上眼罩而无法使用各种可能的手段来确保美国民众和他们自己。”Chertoff, who is the second Homeland Security secretary, says the creation of the cabinet-level department in 2003 was a revolutionary move to coordinate U.S. law enforcement. 身为国土安全部第二任部长的切尔托夫说,于2003年成立这个内阁级的国土安全部是协调美国执法机构的一个革命性举措。"The purpose was not simply to create a new department," he said. "It was to have one place where the overarching mission would be [to] protect all of our air, sea and land against people coming in to do dangerous things, and then work to protect the internal infrastructure - something that had never been done before - by analyzing and managing the risk, in partnership with the private sector." 他说:“目的不是为了成立一个新的部。目的是为了成立一个机构来统筹负责抵挡所有打算借由海陆空进入美国从事破坏的人,从而保护美国内部的基础设施,这是过去从来没有做过的事,借由分析和预防危险因素,并且和民间组织合作。”Janet Napolitano, the governor of the Southwestern state of Arizona, has been named by President-elect Barack Obama to succeed Chertoff as Homeland Security Secretary. Chertoff says he is sure that she will continue the legacy of success. 美国亚利桑那州州长纳波里塔诺已经被当选总统奥巴马提名担任新的国土安全部部长,接替即将离任的切尔托夫。切尔托夫表示,他肯定纳波里塔诺会继续他们的工作。"I have perfect confidence in the dedication of my successor and the new administration," he said. "I believe they are as dedicated as we to protecting Americans. And I believe they will want to carry on and discharge this most important obligation with as much vigor as we did." 他说:“我对我的继任者和新政府的努力有十足信心。我相信他们会和我们一样保护美国人民。而且我相信他们将会执行并且会像我们所做的一样,全力以赴。”Chertoff cautioned, however, that serious security threats remain. He says that point was vividly underscored by last month's deadly attacks in Mumbai, India, which he says were skillfully coordinated and particularly targeted toward financial centers and Americans. 但是无论如何,切尔托夫也警告说,严重的安全威胁依然存在。他表示,这可以由上个月印度孟买的死亡袭击得到鲜明的印。200812/59302

  Earthquake fears on the west coast西海岸担心地震影响 Fingers crossed老天保佑A row over a rickety viaduct一场关于山区高速路的争吵AFTERSHOCKS from Japan rattled America's west coast last week, as consumers in California rushed to buy iodine tablets they do not need and politicians in Seattle bickered about a quake-damaged highway many want to demolish.上周,日本地震的后续灾变震动了美国西海岸地区,加州消费者疯狂购买并非急需的碘片。西雅图的官员为地震受损的高速公路争吵,其中大部分需要拆除。Scientists say there is no chance that dangerous radiation will cross the Pacific. So the run on potassium iodide pills, which can block the absorption of radioactive iodine, made little sense. Californian health authorities warned residents not to compound their anxiety by eating the pills, which can cause intestinal distress and severe rashes.专家指出,危害性放射物质不会横跨太平洋,从而影响西岸地区。因此疯购碘片并认为其能减少辐射伤害的想法是错误的。加州卫生部告知居民,不要因为恐惧胡乱食用碘片,否者易患肠道疾病和严重皮疹。In Seattle, meanwhile, the Japanese quake reminded residents that the Pacific north-west is primed for a comparable catastrophe-and is far less prepared than Japan to cope with it. The Cascadia subduction zone, just 50 miles off the coast and stretching from northern California to southern British Columbia, is accumulating stresses that could unleash an earthquake of magnitude 9.0 and generate its own tsunami. The last 'big one'off the coast of Oregon and Washington is believed to have occurred in 1700, and some recent studies suggest that the chance of another occurring within the next 50 years is about one in three.同时,日本地震令美国西北部,太平洋沿岸的西雅图居民,准备迎接一场大灾难的到来,他们的准备活动可并不比日本差。距离海岸50英里的卡斯卡地亚俯冲带,从加州北部延伸至英属哥伦比亚南部,预计可以缓冲9级地震及其造成的海啸。俄勒冈州和华盛顿州海岸,最近的一次大地震发生在1700年。近期的研究表明,未来50年里,新地震发生的概率只有1/3。The pre-eminent symbol of poor earthquake preparedness in the region is Seattle's Alaskan Way Viaduct. It is a grubby-looking, double-decked elevated highway that was built in the 1950s and carries about 110,000 vehicles a day along the city's waterfront. A magnitude-6.8 quake damaged and temporarily closed it in 2001. State experts have since estimated that the odds of an earthquake bringing it down are one in ten over the next decade.该地区对抗震最弱的环节是西雅图至阿拉斯加的高架桥。这条高速路肮脏污浊,双层高架,建于20世纪50年代,建在海岸边,每天通行量约为11万车次,。2001年一场6.8级地震令其受损并短时停运,美国专家已研究明,未来十年,这条高速路若地震毁坏的可能性为1/10。Concern about thousands of commuters being crushed between slabs of falling concrete has pushed the city, state and federal governments to approve a plan that would replace the viaduct with a tunnel. But fear of downtown gridlock is pushing back the closure and demolition of the viaduct until at least 2016, when the tunnel is supposed to be y.考虑到地震可能造成成千上万的市民被压在混凝土之下,市、省及联邦政府决定实行新计划:将高架桥改为隧道。但是,现阶段的城市交通大堵塞,道路供不应求,可能使高架桥才能关闭和拆除延迟到2016年。届时,隧道才能全部修建完毕。Having seen the devastation in Japan, Seattle's mayor, Mike McGinn, said on March 14th that the city needs to rethink. He called for the viaduct to be closed next year. He was immediately accused of fear-mongering, not to mention endangering local commerce. And state officials responded by saying that while the highway is vulnerable to an earthquake, the risk is no greater than before Japan's disaster. They said they were simply trying to balance safety with protecting the economy. To that end, they temporarily closed the viaduct last weekend to install new gates that automatically block access one minute after a quake is detected.见识了日本地震灾难,西雅图市长,麦克麦凯金恩于14号称,本市应该重新考虑,并且呼吁明年就关闭高架桥。很快,他被指散播恐慌性言论,更别提此举对本地经济的影响。本州官员回应到,这条高速路很容易受地震影响,其危险性不亚于之前的日本,他们称他们将尽可能找到安全和经济的平衡点。上周此高速被短暂关闭,为安装新入口装置——当地震发生后一分钟,通道口将自动关闭。201104/132373。

  Helen Mirren pens memoirThe Oscar winning actress talks about her new book “In the Frame,” her mother and what a palm er predicted for herHelen Mirren took Hollywood by storm when she took on an Emmy Award, two Golden Globes and an Academy Award all in one year. The international super star took on the challenge of playing two of Britain’s most iconic figures, Elisabeth I and Elisabeth II. And now the 62-year-old is taking on the past again, telling her own life story. Helen Mirren’s book is In the Frame, My Life in Words and Pictures.Helen, good morning to you.Good morning.And I have to say, first of I learned in the book right away, Helen Mirren is not your real name.Well, actually it is my real name. But, em, you know, well, I was born with the name of Mironov. So, officially I guess I would be Mironov now, because my father was born in Russia.Which I didn’t realize (is) your paternal side, your grandfather actually was in the military during the Tsar. He came to England to purchase arms and live. (Absolutely) Russian Revolution breaks out; he’s suddenly a refugee and your dad was born in England.Yes, well, no, my dad was actually..(was aly born) was born in Russia. But he came at the age of two or three with my grandparents to England. So absolutely I’m half Russian, I would say it’s, my bottom half is Russian. HaWhy the bottom half?Well, you know, good old Russian peasants stopped down there, somewhere.Talk to me about your childhood, because your dad was a cab driver (Yes) and your mom was sort of a reluctant homemaker who wanted more for her girls.Yes, my mom was, is a very early feminist I guess. You know. The, you know, the issue of marriage and never came in up in our family. You know. "Oh, don’t worry, darling, you’ll get married and a man will take care of you." That was never promoted as a, as a sort of life choice. Our life choice was always, you must make your own money, you must have your own money, you must be economically independent of any one. And where my mom got that from, I don't know, but, yes, I think she was a reluctant mother. She was a great mom and she was fun, and you know, she cooked if you think she didn’t get up in the morning. But she was a great mother, but I don’t know if she really, really wanted to be a mother. I think a lot of women don’t actually.So, where did your love of acting come from?I don’t, I don’t know. I mean, er, I think a perfect combination of my parents. My, certainly one of my ancestors in Russia started one of the earliest theaters in Russia. It was a surf theater on Neri state. That was sort of like 300 hundred years ago. Em, so I had that in on my father side, or on my mother side, she was just a huge drama queen. So, you know.And yet, you write in your book: "Even now my relationship with the audience is ambivalent. I’m vaguely embarrassed by the idea of being looked at."Yes, yes, I just don't. Not all liked that to be looked at at all. They act sort of disappearance to something. And I think that is sort of the case…01/61403

  Human evolution人类的进化You look familiar 你,似曾相识Another piece of humanity’s family tree is fitted into place确定另一人类谱系THE opening scene of Mel Brooks’s film “History of the World: Part One” dispenses with human origins in one line: “And the ape stood, and became man.” Would that it were that easy for palaeontologists to sort out. The transition to humanity is generally agreed to have occurred between Australopithecus, a genus of small-brained, bipedal primates whose most famous member is a fossil nicknamed “Lucy”, and the big-brained species Homo erectus. But pinning down when precisely this took place, and which of the various australopithecine species were involved, has been challenging. Now the most human-like australopithecine found to date is clarifying things—and staking a claim to be the species from which early humans evolved.梅尔布鲁克斯的电影“世界历史:第一部”一开场就用一句台词概括了人类的起源:“猿猴站立起来了,然后变成了人”。对古生物学家来说,(人类的起源)要是真能如此解释,那也未免太容易了。人们普遍认为,人类是在南猿(Australopithecus),(一种脑量小,靠两脚行走的灵长类动物。其最有名的成员是一个外号叫“露西”的化石)和直立猿人(Homo erectus)(一种脑量大的物种)之间完成人类进化过渡的。但至于这段过渡期确切发生在什么时候,又属于众多南猿物种的哪一分,人们众说纷纭。而目前发现的与人类长得最像的南猿,让一切变得清晰起来,同时,它也被确定是后来进化为早期人类的物种。Fossils of the new species, Australopithecus sediba, were discovered in 2008 in a cave in South Africa. Initial research, led by Lee Berger of the University of the Witwatersrand, in Johannesburg, concluded that the species came too late in the fossil record to be the ancestor of the Homo lineage. This week, however, a range of new research into sediba, again led by Dr Berger, has been published in Science. These studies conclude that sediba did in fact predate Homo erectus and, moreover, that parts of its anatomy are surprisingly similar to modern man.新发现的物种化石---南猿源泉种(Australopithecus sediba)于2008年在南非一个山洞中被发现。约翰内斯堡的威特沃特斯兰德大学教授Lee Berger,带领的研究团队经初步研究发现,新物种是化石史上最接近猿人谱系(Homo lineage)的祖先。本周,科学杂志发表了 Berger士对源泉种的一系列新发现,称源泉种实际上要早于直立猿人,并且其结构的某些部分与现代人也极为相似。The fossils examined in the Science papers are of an adolescent boy and an adult woman. They are well preserved, and encased in sediments that allow uncommonly precise dating. They lived 1.977m years ago, predating the appearance of Homo erectus by 77,000 years. The period is an especially muddled one for palaeontology, being full of fragmentary fossils that are difficult to assign either to Homo or to Australopithecus. The sediba fossils, by contrast, have some of the most complete features in the early human record.“科学”杂志发表的论文研究的化石对象,一个是少年,一个是成年女子。这两具化石保存完好,由于是在沉积层出土,所以可以很精确的确定它们的年代。他们生活在197,7000年前,比直立猿人早出现7,7000年。这段时期令古生物学家一直很迷惑不解,因为所有的化石碎片很难确定到底是属于南猿还是直立猿人。相比较而言,源泉种化石具有部分早期人类最完整的特征。201109/153857NBA stars jump ship NBA A weak dollar and huge contracts from across the Atlantic are pulling basketball players away from the NBA.A. What's going on ,everyone? Thanks for being in here. I am joined by P Torey, Sports Illustrated. Thank you for being in here. B. Of course, anytime. A. If, just a few years ago, if I would have said to you, people that are playing in the NBA, players that have a spot, they’re getting /game time,actually / are leaving the NBA and going to play ball in Europe. You probably would go to me and said I'm crazy. B. Yeah, that's basically true. I mean, the fact is we have /12 players so far this summer leave from the NBA to play aboard in Europe, and it gonna be a watershed season, I mean, for the evolution of the NBA before you had a guy like Dominique Wilkins go over to Italy, the end of his career, you know, feast on * and enjoy retirement. But now it's completely different. A. So why are we seeing that now? Why we are seeing players saying? You know what, the ball over there. That's where I should be. B. Yeah, well the first reason is the fact that ring offered more money than ever before. A. So the business aspect? B. Yes. And that's a reflection of the domestic and international economy. These guys are being paid in Euros and they are being paid roughly three times as much as they’ll be paid otherwise if they stayed in the states. And that's the value you can’t really get by staying at home. A. And a weak dollar obviously point a factor here. Just a couple of days ago, over that Democratic National Convention, CNN.money called up with Sir Charles Barkley. We talked him, exactly, we talked him about this exact question. Take a look and listen to what he had to say. Barkley: I think they are making a bid to do out of nothing. No great NBA player is gonna go play overseas. A. Alright, now that I'm trying to put you on the spot here with an NBA Hall of Famer, but do you agree with them? B. You know it’s a general rule I try not to disagree with Sir Charles too much, (I’ll try not … ) for fear of being thrown through a window mostly. A. He's, I think he’s got your hands on and fight. B. Yeah, a bit of / edge. But I' think, you know, I do disagree somewhat. The fact is, I sort of question what he means by good player. I think you are getting studying players right now, and you are not Kristic from the Nets, George *, of course, is also an excellent role player ... ... A. Come off the bench B. Exactly. But the bottom line is we couldn't have anticipated where we are now. So I think it's a bit too hasty to make any judgments about where we will be in a couple of years from now. The fact is players are operating is brands. And these emerging markets have brought something that we haven’t even encountered before. So I mean it’s certainly a new world we dealing with at this point. A. you know, I think it's so easy for fans out there, to sit there, we watch them play. We watch them play something that we play pickup on the weekends and you’ll think, that would be the coolest thing in the world to get paid millions of dollars to play basketball. I think we lose track of the fact that this is their job, their business. They get paid to play ball. Something that what we'd love to do. But that is what they do. So it is interesting when you say this from a business standpoint. They are doing this to make more money. B. Yeah, I mean money is really the bottom line literally, and figuratively in this case, you know. You're gonna pay a guy 55 million dollars for example like the Lebron James, Kobe Bryant, Dwayne Wade. They are gonna at least seriously consider that offer and you can wrap up that offer from one of these Russian or Italian, or refinanciers serious for a, lesser player but still a very good player I think you wouldn’t do that. A. Hold that, King James. Kobe Bryant. They are, you are saying, there’s a possibility they are gonna go over and play in Europe? B. Well, the question has been posed there, /you know, if a team could play you 55 million dollars for a year, you know,in the prime of you career to go over there, and play basketball in Europe, and they said, you know, we will definitely consider it. It's not one of those questions that you can dismiss out of hand anymore. Something you really gotta to do away because of the monetary, and global advertising perspectives. A. P Torrey again, he’s from Sports Illustrated. We are gonna keep an eye on this , and / see if Lebron James or Kobe ever do decide to go over and play overseas, but for now, it’s something that the NBA needs to be concerned with.200811/55167

  When I was about 12 years old, I remember at Christmas one year being ashamed of how much I liked it because of all the presents I got. It's a pretty complicated thought for a 12 year old kid but I had it. I've always liked presents though. People send me a lot of things and I wish they wouldn't but I can't help liking them. Look at this - just a few of the things that have come in recently: this is a bottle of some kind of sauce. Now it's probably very good and from some one who likes me but it could be very bad and from someone who hates me too, so I don't dare eat it. Someone sent me this sports whistle. Why would anyone send me a whistle? The package says it's made of solid brass. It's triple plated and it has an extra sharp tone. Well good for it. But I certainly wouldn't want a whistle that was only double plated and made of brass that wasn't solid. This goes under a door to keep the draft out. Someone's idea of what John McCain and Barack Obama look like. Not my idea of what either of them look like but what do I know? "The American Government In Action" - this is a game. I never cared much for games. There's enough to play with in real life. "The Baseball Dictionary." This book has a lot more than I want to know about baseball. I'm a football fan. Baseball is too caught up with numbers for me. This is a pair of socks; I don't know who they’re for. They come up over my knees. I don’t know what these two bags are for - why would I want two of them anyway? This is called Almond Orange Honey. Seems like a good idea and the bees are certainly done a good job, but I never liked honey. I said I liked fudge and that I never got any good fudge anymore - I haven't had any good fudge in years - so a lot of people sent me good fudge. And I guess it's good. I haven't eaten all if it yet. I said I shine my own shoes. The letter that came with this stuff says it brings leather back to life. Nice to think about bringing leather back to life isn't it? I'll see if this brings my shoes back to life. I just hope my shoes don't eat my fudge.07/78634Just deserts沙漠Poor access to fresh food is a solvable health problem难于接近新鲜食品是一个可以解决的健康问题THE corner shop on South Honore and West 59th in Englewood is an uninviting sort of place. Those windows that are not bricked up are covered in heavy security grilles; the shopkeeper hides behind a Plexiglas wall. Most of what is on offer is either packaged or carbonated, and is always processed.在恩格尔伍德,南奥诺雷和西59街的拐角商店是个没有吸引力的地方。这些商店没有用砖堵住的窗户被厚重的铁栅栏保护着,店主藏在玻璃墙后面。它们销售的大多数食品是有包装的或者是加气的,都是加工过的。This part of Chicagorsquo;s South Side is in the heart of one of Americarsquo;s many food deserts. These are notable not for the absence of food, but for the kind of food available. Though crisps, sweets and doughnuts are easy to come by, an apple is a rare commodity. Yet all the evidence shows that poor access to quality food results in a higher risk of obesity, diabetes and cancer;and more avoidable deaths.芝加哥南部的这个地区是美国许多的食品荒漠之一。这些地方之所以著名,不是因为缺少某些食品,而是因为一些类型的食品可以得到。虽然炸薯片,糖果和油炸面圈饼很容易得到,但是苹果确实稀缺的农产品。所有据也明获取有质量的食品不足导致了还肥胖、糖尿病和癌症以及更多可避免的死亡疾病的几率升高。Although cynics might argue that the market gives people the food they deserve, research published this month in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests otherwise. During the 1990s, when the American government paid for around 1,800 women to move out of public housing, the women who had moved showed a 20% lower rate of obesity and diabetes than those who had not. In other words, their improved environment (which many assume would include better shops) led to their better health.尽管愤青们可能会争辩市场给顾客的食品是顾客应当得到的,但这几个月发表在《新英格兰药物杂志》上的调查研究却有不同的看法。上世纪90年代,美国政府斥资帮约1800名妇女搬离公共住房。调查显示,搬入新居的妇女得肥胖症和糖尿病的概率比未搬迁的妇女低80%。换句话说,改善的环境(包括更好的商店)是让她们的健康得以改善的重要原因。Research published this week by Mari Gallagher, an independent food researcher, suggests that the problem of food deserts may be relatively tractable. Over the past five years, thanks to the arrival of some new grocery stores, Chicagorsquo;s desert has shrunk by 40% to a mere 384,000 people. It sometimes takes only one shop to change things vastly for the better. For example, the Food-4-Less store in Englewood improved access to fresh food for almost 41,000 people, most of whom are black.独立的食品研究调查机构Mari Gallagher本周发表的调查表明,食荒的问题可能是相对温和的。在过去的五年中,多亏一些新型食品杂货店的降临,芝加哥地区的食荒已经缩减了40%,反影响384000居民。例如,Food-4-Less一家位于恩格尔伍德的商店就为将近41000户居民改善了新鲜食品的途径,并且,这些居民中的大多数都是黑人。This is all grist to the mills of Michelle Obama, Americarsquo;s first lady, and Rahm Emanuel, Chicagorsquo;s mayor, who appeared together at a South Side pharmacy on October 25th to promote access to fresh food. Both have been adept in their own ways at twisting the arms of retailers such as Walmart, SUPERVALU and Walgreens to open grocery stores in underserved areas.这对出现在芝加哥南部一家药店,允许药店销售新鲜食品的美国第一夫人米歇尔﹒奥巴马和市长拉姆?伊曼纽尔来说是有利的。两人都擅长于像沃尔玛、超价商店和沃尔格林这样的大零售商在不适合的地方开设零售店。Walgreens, a chain of almost 7,800 drug stores, now has a large selection of fresh food in ten ;food oasis; stores in Chicago. It has also promised that over the next five years it will provide more fresh food in 19 other sites in the city, most of them food deserts, and in 1,000 other stores across the country. This could make a big difference. The firmrsquo;s chief executive, Greg Wasson, says that two-thirds of all Americans live within three miles of one of his shops.沃尔格林,一家拥有接近7800家分店的连锁药店,现在已经在芝加哥的十家;食品绿洲;商店中拥有一个大的挑选。它还许诺在下一个五年,在城市其他19处有食品荒漠的地方和1000家遍布乡村的分店提供更多新鲜食品。这可以有很大地改变现状。公司的行政总裁格雷格?沃森说三分之二的美国人将要住在距他分店三英里的范围内。Moreover, the opening of a halfway decent grocery store is often the trigger for the arrival of other better-class shops in the area, which then spurs a local economic revival. This could go some way towards reversing a worrying trend pointed out by Ms Gallagher. She says that there tend to be more diet-related deaths in places where ;fringe; retailers accept food stamps. Fringe retailers, by her definition, are those shops that specialise in food high in salt, fat and sugar, plus non-food items such as fizzy drinks. The sad thing, as she points out, is that food stamps are supposed to protect the poor from malnutrition, not make them ill.此外,一个中途相当好的食品店的营业经常引起其他更好的上流商店在这里集聚,然后将刺激当地经济的复苏。这也可能朝着加拉格尔指出的一种令人担忧的反面趋势走一段路程。她说在一些边缘零售商接受食物标记的地方将会有更多与节食相关的死亡。用她的定义来说,边缘零售商就是那些特殊的高盐、高脂和高糖食物,还有一些像碳酸饮料这些不属于食物范畴的物品。正如她所说,令人伤心的食品标记本应是保护穷人,让他们远离营养不良,而不是让他们生病。Mrs Obama made a point of saying that nobody in government is telling anyone what they should, or should not, be eating. But good food does have to be available. As any parent can tell you, the fruit bowl always needs to be easier to reach than the cookie jar.奥巴马夫人曾强调政府里没人告诉任何人他们应该或者不应该吃什么,但好的食物总是有的。就像父母告诉你,果盘比饼干罐更接近健康。solvable adj.可以解决的carbonate v. 使变成碳酸盐commodity n.日用品move out 搬出; 开始行动pharmacy n. 药房, 配药学malnutrition n. 营养失调163393

  7岁小男孩的母亲癫痫病发作,他没有惊慌,而是及时拨打急救电话,救了母亲一命。Well, a life saving corpora, seven-year-old boy in Brooklyn, his mom was having a seizure but he knew exactly what to do. He called 911 to get help and calmly helped guide emergency crews to his house. Eyewitness reporter Stacey Sager has this story.Lets give him a round of applause. The citys fire department today giving Drew Champagnie far more than a round of applause. They made the seven-year-old hero a Junior EMT at a special ceremony after he made the 911 call yesterday here in Brooklyn and saved his mothers life. And it wasnt easy.;Shes still shaking...;;OK, hold on, honey, hold on...;Drews mom was having a seizure, but still, he tried to keep calm.;Is it Apartment 2?;;Apartment 2.;;Apartment 2, OK.;Having the composure to remember all the important information and then sum. Drews home phone number, his address,his school, his fathers cellphone number, he had it all, unlike most of us.And even though Drew is a soft spoken third grader and only four feet tall, his character speaks volume in his calls, he still wants to go to school.;...well whos going to take me to school?;;Lets help mommy first, and then we will find someone to take you to school, OK?;The focus on the other end of the phone couldnt have been more impressed as they hanging there with him.;Come here as fast as you can, OK?;;OK, no problem, sweetie, theres an ambulance thats on its way, OK? Im going to stay on the phone with you, OK?;;OK.;My hair stand up cause Im just then shocked. Hes just awesome....and protective according to his mother whos still recovering today.;He told me this morning, dont do anything, relax.;The fire commissioner says all of us can learn something from Drew: valuable information to review with our own children in case of an emergency.Meanwhile, today, he repeated his new oath of office: ;I promise to be the best junior EMT that I can be.;Something telling all of us he aly has.In downtown Brooklyn, Im Stacey Sager, channel 7, Eyewitness news.201110/156198

  Volunteers equipped with nothing more than digital cameras are taking part in an unusual bee hunt.It's part of an environmental study that has amateur photographers documenting the impact of climate change, pollution and other factors on the interplay between plants and the creatures that pollinate them.Freeze frameBees pollinate billion worth of fruits, nuts and a variety of row crops each year in the ed States.Yet recent declines in the population of these essential insects threaten the lucrative agricultural industry.Sam Droege, a researcher at the US Geological Survey's Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab, is examining possible causes for the bee decline. Working with an online environmental encyclopedia called, "Discover Life," Droege has helped organize the Bee Hunt study.Bee hunters across the ed States take pictures of pollinators and the plants they pollinate, and then upload them to the "Discover Life" website. The online database keeps track of trends in pollinator populations that show the effects of climate change, pollution or invasive species. Tracking pollinator populationsDroege's lab is filled with boxes of dead bees at various stages of identification, but the part of his job he seems to really enjoy is being outside hunting for live bees.After a short, bumpy car ride, Droege stops at a small grassy field filled with milkweed, Canada thistle and bees. He feels there is an urgent need for a large sampling of pollinator populations across the ed States."There's no bureau census of bees," he says. "So we are trying to create that in any way possible. There's not a lot of funding, so having citizens collect that kind of information would be advantageous."Information on the status of pollinators helps researchers understand exactly how factors, such as disease or pollution, impact the numbers of these important insects.Bee huntersAmateur naturalists begin their bee hunts by noting the time of day and location they are photographing.Once they find some bees, or other pollinating insects such as wasps, butterflies and beetles, it's time to pull out the camera and get some good close-ups. The volunteers upload the photos to the "Discover Life" website, where free online tools and experts are available to help identify the insects and the plants they're pollinating.So far, 50 bee hunters across the U.S. have contributed to the database. Stephanie Urquhart took pictures of pollinators in the state of Oklahoma. She became interested in the study when she first heard that bees were disappearing due to an occurrence called colony collapse disorder."My family, my father and my grandfather, they were beekeepers. And so when I heard that news, I knew what that meant. And it really scared me." Urquhart began researching colony collapse disorder and learned that, as far back as 1996, about 40 percent of the nation's wild pollinators had disappeared. "That includes bees, bats, butterflies, moths, the whole gamut."In addition to her desire to help scientists understand what is causing this pollinator decline, Urquhart also uses Bee Hunt as part of her home-schooling routine with her two young daughters. For all three of them, she says, this is a way to have a positive impact on the world."With digital photography, and the internet, now people can get directly involved with this - with climate, with wildlife issues, conservation, whatever. And really contribute something meaningful, and learn about themselves and start to understand where they live and how they can interact with their environment."Hope for the futureFostering that community involvement in research is exactly why University of Georgia researcher John Pickering founded "Discover Life," and created Bee Hunt. With the study gaining momentum now that it has full funding, Pickering is excited to see what the data will tell us, and how we can use it."I don't look at doom and destruction in our future," he says. "I really feel that if we work together, network together, collect the data that we need as a society, we can really understand and better manage this planet."Droege says combining data from multiple Bee Hunts can create an impressive database showing the status of pollinators today. It would also provide a valuable environmental baseline for understanding changes in the years to come."It's the foundation for all information to come. It'll be compared to, used over and over. We know that there were these kinds of bees and these kinds of critters on flowers at this time and this place. Twenty years later, 100 years later, you can go back and look at that again and you have the original data right there. You can look at it." 一些只带着数码相机的义工正在参与一项不寻常的环境研究。 这个“寻觅蜜蜂计划”要求业余摄影家们记录下气候变化、污染和其它因素对植物和传播花粉的蜜蜂之间相互作用所造成的影响。 在美国,蜜蜂每年为价值100亿美元的果实、坚果和其它作物传授花粉。 可是,最近蜜蜂数量的减少,威胁到这些收益良好的农副产品的生产。 为了找出导致蜜蜂数量下降的可能原因,德罗基利用网上环境百科全书“发现生命”,组织起一个叫作“寻找蜜蜂”的研究项目。美国各地的寻蜂者拍摄传授花粉的昆虫和接受花粉传授的植物照片,并且将这些照片上载到“发现生命”网站。网路资料追踪因为气候变化、污染或外来物种入侵造成的传授花粉昆虫数量的变化趋势。山姆·德罗基的实验室里摆满了盒子,里面装着不同时期死亡的蜜蜂。这是他为美国地质调查局的“本土蜜蜂清查监测实验室”所做的工作。在这个工作当中,他最喜欢的是到野外寻找活着的蜜蜂。德罗基在崎岖道路上开了一小段路,然后停在一小片长满了紫云英和加拿大蓟荆、蜜蜂飞舞的草地上。他说,现在急需大范围采集全国各地传授花粉昆虫的样品: 业余自然生物学家开始寻蜂作业时,要记下来他们拍摄照片的日期、时间和地点。 一旦他们找到了蜜蜂或者其它传授花粉的昆虫,例如黄蜂、蝴蝶、甲虫等,就马上拿出相机,拍摄近距离特写。最后,义工们将照片上载到“发现生命”网站,由专家们确认昆虫的种类和接受花粉传播的植物。 目前,全美国有50名寻蜂者为这个资料库提供资讯。奥克拉荷马州的斯特凡尼·厄克特是听说蜜蜂消失的消息后,开始对这项研究发生兴趣的。 她说:“我父亲和祖父都是从事养蜂的。所以,我听到这个消息时,我知道那意味着什么,我非常担心。所以我开始研究蜂群的反常消失和潜在的原因。我发现,早在1996年,我们就失去了百分之40的野生授粉昆虫,包括蜜蜂、蝙蝠、蝴蝶、飞蛾等等。” 除了希望协助科学家了解授粉昆虫数量减少的原因,厄克特还把寻找蜜蜂作为她的两个小女儿家庭教育的内容。她说,这是她们母女三人能够为这世界做出积极贡献的途径:  “由于数码摄影和网路,人们现在可以直接参与气象、野生生物、环境保育等许多问题,并且做出有意义的贡献,学习并了解自己居住的地方,以及如何与环境互动。” 促进社区参与研究工作,这正是乔治敦大学学者约翰·皮克林创立“发现生命”网站和开始“寻找蜜蜂”项目的初衷。随着研究工作渐入佳境和有了充裕的经费,皮克林现在非常希望知道这些数据将揭示什么,和我们如何去利用这些数据。 皮克林说:“我不认为前途一片黑暗。我确实觉得,如果我们一起努力,一起建立我们的网络,收集我们作为一个社会所需要的资讯,我们就能够懂得地球,懂得如何把地球治理得更好。”201007/110053。

  微软:软件无处不在The company isn't just software, in fact it's everywhereComing in high at NO. 6 in universum's annual survey of more than 40000 undergraduate students nationwide, is computer giant, Microsoft Corporation. From its headquarters campus in Redmond Washington, microsoft oversees roughly 71000 employees in over 100 countries. With 2006 revenues just over the 44 billion mark. To simply define the company, it's fairly to say that Microsoft develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a large variety of software computing devices. And that the company's best known for it's windows operating system, and its Microsoft Office suite made up of well known programmes like WORD, POWERPOINT, EXCEL and OUTLOOK.But the company isn't just software, in fact it's everywhere. Online at MSN.com, on cable television at MSN, or even in your living room, with game systems like X-BOX 360. The company recently restructured and founder Bill Gates's stepped down from his role of chief software architect to concentrate on charitable work. But Microsoft remains strong and bent on growth, looking for new employees who don't just work in techonology,but who live and breathe technology.With sparkle in the eye, we're looking for very passionate people, i'm also looking for people that have loved technology all their lives. So a lot of times, i will ask them,you know, when did you start coding, you know, if it was like 7th grade that tells you something. Right, that they, or they do something on their own, not part of a project, you know, that kind of thing. So that's what i'm looking for.Microsoft has an in-depth careers website, loaded with national and global job information, and you can find the link to their information right here on our website. For career TV, i'm sean O'grady02/63419

  Banyan菩提 Nothing new under heaven天下之事,古已有之What philosophers thought when China was the world and how it can help China now昔日中国一统天下之时,哲学家们的所思所想,及其对今日中国的裨益WHEN Henry Kissinger was paying his pioneering visits to China in the early 1970s, the country was in the grip of a campaign to criticise both Lin Biao, a recently dead and disgraced Communist leader, and Confucius. As was later remarked, it was as if the American press were vilifying Richard Nixon and Aristotle. But China’s own past—the 5,000 years of history of which its leaders often like to remind foreign interlocutors—is a constant presence in its domestic politics and its view of the world.当亨利#8226;基辛格在1970年代初开启访华的破冰之旅的时候,这个国家尚沉浸在批林批孔运动之中(林彪是一位蒙羞的共产党领导人,刚辞世不久)。就像后来所指出的那样,这种情况就好像美国报刊在诽谤尼克松和亚里士多德。但是中国自己的历史——其领导人在谈话中总是喜欢向外国人提及的5000年历史——在中国国内政治和中国对世界的看法中,一直发挥着恒久不衰的影响。Yet China’s recent rise has taken place in a world organised along principles devised elsewhere, by foreign parvenus. Many Chinese chafe at the common Western notion that multiparty democracy is the form of government towards which all other systems evolve. But some scholars also resent another European invention: the nation-state, the basis of modern diplomacy. For years they have struggled to develop a distinctively Chinese theory of international relations. This is almost a matter of national pride, even chauvinism: “As a rapidly rising major power, it is unacceptable that China does not have its own theory,” wrote Qiu Yanping, a senior Communist Party man, in an article in .而近些年来中国崛起所处的大背景却是一个遵循外国新贵所创设的原则而建构起来的世界。西方人通常认为,多党民主是所有其他制度最终要逐渐发展到的政体,而许多中国人却对这种观念颇为恼怒。但一些学者也对欧洲另一项创造深表不安,那就是民族国家——现代外交的基石。多年以来,他们一直殚精竭虑地阐发中国特色的国际关系理论,毕竟这几乎事关民族自豪感,甚至民族沙文主义:“中国作为一个快速崛起的大国,绝不能没有自己的理论”,年时一个名叫邱延平(音译)的共产党高官在一篇文章中如是写道。So attempts to apply precepts devised by ancient Chinese philosophers to the modern world are in vogue. One popular revival is the notion of tianxia, or “all under heaven”. This dates back to the golden age of classical Chinese philosophy—of Confucius, Mencius, Laozi and the rest—in the “warring states” period before China’s unification in 221 under the first Qin emperor. Tianxia is widely understood as a unified world dominated by one country (call it the “middle kingdom”, perhaps), to which neighbours and those beyond look for guidance and pay tribute.因此将中国古代哲学家创设的原则应用于现代世界之风气蔚为一时。时下有个词正重新流行起来,它叫做“天下”,或者叫“普天之下”。这个词要回溯到公元前221年中国第一个皇帝——秦始皇统一中国之前的战国时期,在那一时期以孔子、孟子、老子以及其他诸子为代表中国古典哲学迎来黄金时代。“天下”被广泛理解为由一个国家(可能称之为“中央王国”)所主导的统一世界,在这一世界中,该国的邻国和远邦要向它寻求指导和进行朝贡。201106/141380

  British men are gearing up to spend a small fortune in presents to mollify their wives and girlfriends for all the time they intend to spend watching this summer's soccer World Cup, a new survey showed.A Flower Council of Holland survey of 1,000 Britons showed men are prepared to spend 20 pounds (.86) a time or slightly more saying sorry for being glued to the gogglebox or heading down to the pub to watch matches with their mates when the tournament kicks off in South Africa this week.However, the research also reveals that women, while appreciating expensive gifts, are just as happy with a bunch of flowers (33 percent), followed by chocolates (22 percent) or a good meal (15 percent) and most put the value of expected apologetic booty at just under nine pounds per incident."In response to these findings, a clever new iPhone app has been unveiled to make sure our men stay firmlyin the public house rather than the doghouse during the four-week period," the Flower Council of Holland said in a statement.The free "ScoreAtHome" app helps you find the nearest florist to the pub so you can call through your floral apology while still sipping a pint. It also allows you to check the latest football scores on the go.【Notes】Vocabulary:gear up to do sth.: 准备好做某事mollify: to make somebody feel less angry or upset 使平静;抚慰be glued to sth.: to give all your attention to something 全神贯注看着某物gogglebox: lt;英口gt; 电视机kick off: when a football game or a team, etc.kicks off, the game starts (指足球比赛等)开球,开始booty: valuable things that are stolen, especially by soldiers in a time of war 战利品be in the doghouse: if you are in the doghouse, somebody is annoyed with you because of something that you have done 受冷落;失体面;丢脸on the go:活跃;忙个不停201006/105781

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