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四川省成都市第二医院专家推荐天涯分享

2019年10月21日 05:23:44 | 作者:度养生 | 来源:新华社
Apple has for the first time publicly acknowledged its plans to develop self-driving cars, with a letter that urges the US highways regulator to promote “fair competition” between newcomers to the automotive industry and traditional manufacturers.苹果公司(Apple)首度公开承认开发自动驾驶汽车的计划,该公司致函美国公路监管机构,呼吁促进汽车行业新入行企业和传统制造商之间的“公平竞争”。In an unusually direct statement accompanying the letter, an Apple spokesman confirmed its work on autonomous systems that could be used to transform “the future of transportation”.在伴随该信件的一份异常直接的声明中,一位苹果发言人确认,苹果在自动系统领域进行了开发工作,可能被用来改变“交通运输业的未来”。Apple’s letter touts the “significant societal benefits of automated vehicles”, which it described as a life-saving technology, potentially preventing millions of car crashes and thousands of fatalities each year.苹果的信赞扬了“自动汽车的重大社会效益”,称这是一种拯救生命的技术,有望每年防止数百万起车祸和成千上万的死伤。The disclosure highlights how Apple may struggle to maintain its notorious secrecy in new product development as it enters more highly regulated markets, from transportation to healthcare.苹果的这一信息披露凸显出,随着该公司进入从交通到医疗等监管较严格的市场,它或许难以维持其在新产品开发上出了名的保密做法。Hundreds of Apple staff have been working on an electric car for more than two years, people familiar with the project say. The Financial Times first reported the secret research lab, which is based outside its Cupertino headquarters in neighbouring Sunnyvale, in February last year. 据知情人士透露,数百名苹果员工已经在一款电动汽车上工作了两年多时间。英国《金融时报》去年2月最先报道了这个秘密研发实验室的存在,该实验室不在苹果的库比蒂诺(Cupertino)总部,而是在邻近的森尼维尔(Sunnyvale)。Since then, despite leaks about the project’s sometimes difficult progress, Apple executives have refused to admit that the automotive initiative exists.此后,尽管有时传出该项目进展艰难的消息,但苹果高管一直拒绝承认汽车项目的存在。That position will be harder to maintain after the publication of a letter from Apple to the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, as part of the regulator’s regular dialogue with manufacturers about its rules for the fast-developing technology. The letter was signed by Steve Kenner, Apple’s director of product integrity, and was submitted on November 22.在苹果致美国国家公路交通安全(NHTSA)的信件发表后,苹果将更难以维持这一口径。这封信属于该监管机构与制造商就其针对这项快速发展技术的规则进行的定期沟通。苹果产品完整性总监史蒂夫.肯纳(Steve Kenner)在信上签字,信件寄递时间是11月22日。“Apple uses machine learning to make its products and services smarter, more intuitive, and more personal,” Mr Kenner writes. “The company is investing heavily in the study of machine learning and automation, and is excited about the potential of automated systems in many areas, including transportation.”“苹果利用机器学习使其产品和务更智能、更直观、更个性化,”肯纳写道:“苹果公司正大力投资于机器学习和自动化研究,并对自动系统在多个领域的潜力感到振奋,包括交通运输业。” /201612/481603The French department store Printemps launched the the use of Alipay, one of China#39;s biggest payment services, at its flagship store last Wednesday, making it the first department store in France to use the service.法国巴黎春天百货公司旗舰店上周三启用付宝,成为法国首家采用该务的百货公司。付宝是中国最大的付务之一。The Alipay app allows consumers to purchase goods quickly and easily by transacting money via the QR code generated by their smartphone.消费者可以使用付宝应用,通过智能手机生成的二维码完成付,从而快捷轻松地购买商品。Having 450 million users in China, this service is familiar to many Chinese tourists travelling to France, which is why Printemps adopted it as a new payment solution for its Chinese customers.在中国拥有4.5亿用户的这项务,对许多到法国旅游的中国游客来说是很熟悉的。这就是为什么巴黎春天百货公司采用它作为其中国顾客的最新付解决方案。;Chinese tourists are one of our most important clientele, we#39;ve developed many special services to welcome them in a better way, and we are particularly happy that we can offer them this exclusive service in France by applying Alipay payment,; said Annalisa Loustau, chief marketing and communication officer at Printemps.巴黎春天百货公司市场营销和公关总监安娜丽莎·洛斯陶表示:;中国游客是我们最重要的顾客群之一,为了更好地吸引中国游客,我们推出了许多特殊务。能够在法国启用付宝付,为他们提供这种专属务,我们感到非常开心。;The department store has integrated Alipay regulations into its central management system and has announced it will roll out the service at its 18 other stores by the end of this year.巴黎春天百货公司已将付宝规定融入其中央管理系统,并宣布将在今年年底前在巴黎春天其他18家分店推出付宝务。Mrs Zhu, a Chinese customer living in France for two years, told Xinhua that most of her payments in France were made using bank cards, which she doesn#39;t find as convenient as the mobile payments she used in China.已经在法国居住了两年的中国顾客朱女士在接受新华社采访时表示,她在法国的大部分费用都是用卡付的,她没有找到像在中国时移动付那样方便的方式。;I got used to paying by mobile payments in China, now I feel good that I can use it again in France and I believe my friends coming from China will like it,; said Zhu.朱女士说道:“我习惯了在中国的那种移动付方式,现在我可以在法国再次使用这种方式我感到很高兴,我相信我来自中国的朋友都会喜欢它的。” /201611/479176

Some of Google’s fiercest corporate critics in the US have written to Europe’s antitrust chief backing what is expected to be a record fine against the internet search company, and rejecting claims that the case has been fuelled by anti-American bias.美国一些对谷歌(Google)持最强烈批评态度的企业致信欧洲最高反垄断官员,持对这家互联网搜索公司处以金额有望创纪录的罚款,并反驳了该案受到反美偏见推动的说法。“As US companies, we wish to go on record that enforcement action against Google is necessary and appropriate, not provincial,” the seven signatories, including News Corp, Oracle and Yelp, wrote.在信上签名的7家企业——其中包括新闻集团(News Corp)、甲骨文(Oracle)和Yelp——写道:“作为美国企业,我们希望公开声明,对谷歌采取的执法行动是必要和适当的,不是地方保护主义。”The attempt to dispel claims of European protectionism came ahead of the expected announcement on Tuesday of a fine topping 1bn against the US search company over an eight-year-old probe involving online shopping.此举是对有关欧洲奉行贸易保护主义说法的反驳。预计,欧盟周二将宣布对谷歌处以逾10亿欧元罚款,这一处罚是基于一项长达8年的对在线购物问题的调查。Signatories to the letter supporting the EU action include some of Google’s most bitter rivals. Oracle won a contentious copyright case against the search company last year, while News Corp has long railed against Google’s growing power over the media industry. Yelp has pushed — so far unsuccessfully — for Brussels to take up its own antitrust complaint against the company.在上述信上签字持欧盟处罚行动的,包括谷歌一些最激烈的竞争对手。甲骨文去年打赢了一场充满争议的、针对谷歌的版权官司,新闻集团则长期抨击谷歌对传媒产业日益增强的影响力。Yelp已推动欧盟接受它自己提出的针对谷歌的反垄断申诉,但迄今未获成功。The case has threatened to ignite simmering unhappiness in Silicon Valley and Washington over Europe’s recent challenges to leading US tech companies. These last burst into the open a year ago when Apple fiercely criticised a 13.2bn fine levied over the special tax deal it had struck with Ireland.该案可能会引爆硅谷和华盛顿方面对欧洲近期挑战美国顶尖高科技公司行为的不满。在硅谷和华盛顿,这种不满情绪已接近临界点。这种情绪上次公开爆发是在一年前。当时,苹果(Apple)猛烈抨击了因它与爱尔兰达成的特殊税务协议而受到的132亿欧元罚款。 /201706/515632

HONG KONG — China is abuzz with craft brewing, with small-scale operations popping up around the country and churning out beer tasting of everything from goji berries to green tea. 香港——在中国,精酿啤酒正在成为一种风尚,小型精酿作坊在全国各地纷纷冒出,酿造从枸杞到绿茶等各种口味的啤酒。But like many things in China, what’s new isn’t that new. In this case, it’s about 5,000 years old.但是就像中国的很多东西一样,新的风尚其实古已有之。大约5000年前,中国人就已经在酿造啤酒了。A group of researchers in China and the ed States have analyzed pottery vessels discovered at a site in Shaanxi Province and determined that they are the first direct evidence of a beer-brewing operation. And the ingredients they discovered are as eclectic as any trendy brewpub’s: broomcorn millet, tubers and a grain known as Job’s tears.中国和美国的研究人员对陕西省发现的一批陶器进行了分析,明它们是啤酒酿造活动的首个直接据。他们在陶器里发现了黍、根茎作物和薏米的成分,这样不拘一格的选材可以和当下的时髦啤酒酿造坊媲美。The scholars’ paper, which was published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the ed States of America (PNAS), says the mix of ingredients was probably achieved through trial and error. The tubers, which included snake gourd root, contribute starch and sugars for fermentation and also add a sweet flavor to the beer, they wrote. 他们的论文本周发表在《美国国家科学院院刊》(Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,简称PNAS)上,研究者称这种成分组成可能是通过不断试错的方法获得的。他们写道,根茎包括丝瓜根,它可以促进淀粉和糖分发酵,给啤酒添加香甜口味。The study was based on analysis of a “beer-making tool kit” that includes a funnel, shards of pots and amphorae, and a pottery stove that would have been used for mashing. Radiocarbon dating of the Mijiaya site near the Chan River in Shaanxi Province dates it to 3400 to 2900 B.C.这项研究的对象是一个“啤酒制作器物套件组”,其中包括一个漏斗、一些阔口罐和小口尖底瓶的碎片,还有一个用于淀粉糖化的陶灶。根据放射性碳测年技术的测定,陕西省陈河附近的米家崖遗址介于公元前3400年到公元前2900年之间。A yellowish residue from inside the funnel and pot shards was analyzed to discern the ingredients. The starches showed signs of damage that resemble what happens in the process of beer brewing, the authors said.他们对漏斗和壶碎片上发黄的残留物进行分析,辨别它的成分。结果发现,残留物中含有很多出现损伤迹象的淀粉粒,与酿酒过程中淀粉粒的损伤特征类似。“It makes a very convincing case that this was a beer-making facility,” Patrick McGovern, scientific director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Project at the University of Pennsylvania Museum, told the blog PNAS Journal Club. He was not involved in the study. “这是很有说力的据,说明它们是酿酒器物,”宾夕法尼亚大学物馆(University of Pennsylvania Museum)生物分子考古项目的科学主管帕特里克·麦戈文(Patrick McGovern)对PNAS Journal Club客说。他没有参与这项研究。The presence of barley, which did not become an important subsistence crop until the Han dynasty, 3,000 years later, led the authors to suggest that alcohol production was an important reason for the grain’s introduction from western Eurasia, where it was first domesticated.大麦首先最初是在欧亚大陆被驯化的,在中原,直到3000年之后的汉代,大麦才成为了一种重要口粮作物,所以作者们认为,酿酒是中原从西域引入大麦的一个重要原因。“Beer was probably an important part of ritual feasting in ancient China,” one of the study’s authors, Jiajing Wang of Stanford University, told the Journal Club. “So it’s possible that this finding of beer is associated with increased social complexity and changing events of the time.”“啤酒可能是中国古代仪式盛宴的重要组成部分,”这篇论文的作者之一、斯坦福大学考古专业士生王佳静告诉Journal Club客。“我们在古代中原地区发现的酒,可以和当时发生的社会变化联系起来。”Although the brew remnants that were discovered are truly ancient, they are not the oldest that have been uncovered in China. Mr. McGovern and a team of scholars from China, Germany and the ed States wrote a 2004 paper for PNAS that analyzed 9,000-year-old pottery jars found in a neolithic village site in Henan Province called Jiahu. Based on their analysis, the jars held a rice, honey and fruit beverage. 虽然他们发现的这些酿造残留物的确来自古代,但却不是已发现的中国最古老的这类遗迹。在2004年的一篇PNAS论文中,麦戈文和一个由中国、德国和美国学者组成的团队对一些有9000年历史的陶罐进行过分析,它们来自河南省一个名叫贾湖的新石器时代村落遗址。据他们分析,这些陶罐曾盛载过用水稻、蜂蜜和水果酿造的饮料。Mr. McGovern worked with Dogfish Head Brewery in Delaware to recreate that recipe in a beverage known as Chateau Jiahu. 麦戈文与特拉华州的角鲨头啤酒坊(Dogfish Head Brewery)合作,复原了这个古代配方,用它酿造了一种名为“贾湖城”(Chateau Jiahu)的饮料。 /201605/446135

In his famous book Learned Optimism, Martin Seligman points out how our present use of language can be a fairly accurate predictor of future success. Seligman explains how he was able to predict outcomes of sporting events with reasonable accuracy by comparing the language used by the coaches and players in interviews before the event. Basically what he did was count all the positive words and the negative words in published pre-game es from the players and coaches, and then he calculated the ratio of positive words to negative. The team with the higher ratio was the one picked to win. There is some subjectivity in deciding whether a word is positive, negative, or neutral, but if you try it yourself, I think you’ll find that most of the time it’s fairly easy to classify words. Seligman also explains using a similar process to predict the winners of political elections.Try this for yourself. Here’s a sentence I grabbed from Yahoo News on Feb 23:Scientists fear the avian flu that has killed 46 people in Asia could be the strain that will cause the next global pandemic but said more evidence is needed about how infectious it is in humans.How many positive and negative words do you count? I count zero positive and four negative (fear, killed, pandemic, infectious). So this sentence has a ratio of 0/4 0.Let’s try the same process on all of the headlines from Yahoo News (I’m using the Feb 23 version). I count 6 positive words (eases, adds, new, found, right, wealthy) and 15 negative words (denounce, fight, die, soak, death, somber, slain, fears, concerns, dismissed, defiant, avoids, risk, pandemic, handouts) for an overall ratio of 6/15 0.4.My picks are subjective of course, so yours may be different, but try it for yourself on any news site. If you find one with a ratio above 1.0, please tell me about it!Try this on yourself as well. Go over some text you wrote recently — emails, forums posts, whatever. What’s your ratio of positive/negative words? Seligman would argue that this is a powerful predictor of future success. Some personal development experts believe that by intentionally choosing more optimistic words in the language you use, you’ll start to become more optimistic in your thinking, which will in turn lead to better results. Anthony Robbins has a whole chapter about it in one of his books; he refers to it as “transformational vocabulary.”Have some fun and try this on your friends and co-workers. Grab something they wrote, and compute their ratio. Is their language predominantly optimistic (gt;1.0) or pessimistic (lt;1.0)? Who has the highest score? The lowest score? Any interesting patterns?What kind of boss do you work for? What about your company’s brochures? If you run your own business how’s your marketing material, your web site, your business plan? Are you projecting confidence or self-doubt to your customers? What about your journal entries? Your to do list?You’ll often see a pattern where like attracts like. Pessimistic news sources will attract pessimistic ers, partly because those are the best targets for advertising — negative people are more likely to believe that buying products will change their emotional state. A pessimistic company will attract and breed pessimistic employees — the high-energy positive people will go where their enthusiasm is welcome. So there’s a good chance you’ll see similar ratios to your own when you look around your environment. /200803/29467

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