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2019年09月18日 23:58:29    日报  参与评论()人

浙江去咖啡斑多少钱海宁市中医院祛疤多少钱Yesterday was Apple#39;s shareholder meeting and, as many of you know, there#39;s been healthy debate about what they should do with its 7 billion in cash. I had somewhere that Apple#39;s cash pile was equivalent to Hungary#39;s GDP so perhaps an activist shareholder should push an acquisition of Hungary rather than thinking small (e.g., increasing dividends or issuing preferred stock).上周,苹果公司(Apple)召开了股东大会。正如大家所知,大会对苹果如何使用所持的1,370亿现金展开了积极的讨论。我看到有篇文章说,苹果的现金储备差不多等于整个匈牙利的GDP,所以也许某个激进主义的股东应该推动苹果收购匈牙利,而不是干些小打小闹的事情(比如增加股息,或者发行优先股)。Hungary probably wouldn#39;t sell its sovereignty and entire economy for 1x sales, but Apple (AAPL) has no debt so they could probably lever the deal and borrow money on top of 7 billion in equity. For some reason, the notion of Apple hiking the taxes of Hungary to fund a dividend recap just amuses me…匈牙利可能不愿意把主权和整个经济体拱手卖出,不过由于苹果没有债务,匈牙利或许能将这笔交易作为杠杆,在1,370亿美元资本的基础上借贷到更多钱。想到苹果将使匈牙利的税收提高,从而为股息资本重组筹集资金,我就觉得很搞笑……More seriously, what should Apple do with a massive and growing pile of cash? The three obvious buckets are to invest heavily in new products (the Apple TV or iWatch or whatever), return cash to shareholders (via dividends, buybacks, new class of preferred shares, etc) or acquire stuff. Besides Hungary, what Mamp;A strategies actually make sense?严肃一点说,苹果应该如何处理一大笔不断增加的现金呢?三个显而易见的方案分别是:大量投资新产品(Apple TV、iWatch或者其他产品)、向股东返还现金(通过股息、回购、发布新型优先股等方式)以及招募员工。除去匈牙利之外,还有什么并购方案真的有意义呢?For starters, Apple isn#39;t Cisco (CSCO) or Oracle (ORCL). Instead, it#39;s an incredible organization because of its long history of internal innovation rather than excellence in acquiring, integrating and growing other businesses. Over the long arc of time (by tech standards) Apple has done very few acquisitions above0 million and has never done a billion dollar+ deal. Buying NeXT provided the foundation of what is now the desktop Mac OS, plus brought Steve Jobs back to the Apple fold. More recently, acquiring Quattro Wireless created the iAds mobile ad network and Siri was a technology acquired from SRI. Less auspiciously Apple bought a Swedish mapping technology company (C3) to form the basis of Apple Maps. Lastly Apple has bought several component companies (chip companies Intrinsity and P.A. Semi, flash memory company Anobit, and security hardware – Authentec) to be integrated in various iStuff.首先,苹果不是思科(Cisco)或者甲骨文(Oracle)。相反,这家公司之所以不可思议,是得益于它内部创新的悠久历史,而并不是因为它在收购、整合和培养其他业务方面有出色表现。很长的时间内(按照技术标准),苹果1亿美元以上的收购案例屈指可数,10亿美元以上的收购更是从来没有出现过。通过收购NeXT,苹果建立了如今台式机系统Mac OS的基础,还把史蒂夫?乔布斯请回了苹果。更近一些,苹果收购Quattro Wireless,创造了iAds手机广告网络;而收购SIRI公司则获取了智能语音助手Siri技术。比较不走运的是对一家瑞典地图技术公司(C3)的收购,苹果在此基础上创立了Apple Maps。最后,苹果兼并了几家组件公司(芯片公司Intrinsity和P.A. Semi,闪存公司Anobit,还有安全设备厂商Authentec),将它们整合进了丰富多的“i”字辈产品中。Apple is fundamentally great at creating innovative new platforms that consumers love because they#39;re easy to use and rationalize digital fragmentation. It wasn#39;t the first in PCs, MP3 players, smartphones or even tablets -- yet Apple revolutionized each of those categories. Apple doesn#39;t really make money by selling software or even digital content, but it seamlessly integrates software and content to support a high margin hardware business.苹果在本质上非常擅长打造具有创造力的新平台。它们因为易于使用,让数字生活变得合理,而广受消费者青睐。它并不是第一家跨入PC机、MP3、智能手机甚至平板电脑领域的公司,但它却彻底革新了这些领域。苹果并不真正通过出售软件或数字内容赚钱,但是它无缝集成了软件和数字内容,从而撑了高利润的硬件业务。But Apple#39;s DNA is about quantum leaps, not incremental ones. So if they were to become an acquisitive company, I#39;d argue is has to be as big and bold in buying as it is in product innovation. The three main vectors Apple might pursue are:但是苹果骨子里追求的是巨大突破,而不是循序渐进。所以如果他们想要成为一家雄心勃勃的公司,我认为在他们在收购上需要同产品创新一样高瞻远瞩,勇往直前。苹果需要追求的三大主要推动力分别是:1. Buy Content. Content is strategically important to Apple#39;s platforms, but in the grand scheme of Apple it#39;s a pretty meaningless part of their business. If you add up all the content, software and services (e.g., iCloud subscriptions), it#39;s only about 6% of Apple#39;s revenue. To put that in perspective, all the chargers and other accessory stuff amounts to about 50% of the revenue Apple generates from content + software + services.1. 收购内容。内容对于苹果的平台而言,具有战略上的重大意义。但在苹果宏大的计划中,这只是业务里几乎没有意义的一部分。把苹果所有的内容、软件和务(比如iCloud订阅务)加起来,也只占苹果收入的6%。但客观地来说,苹果从所有充电器和其他配件上获取的收入也仅占内容、软件、务三者创造的总收入的50%。Some people think Apple should buy Netflix (NFLX). On paper it makes sense: billion market cap, deals with lots of content owners, a nascent library of Netflix developed content and a happy/loyal consumer base. But it makes less sense to me. Consumers love Netflix because they can get it on all kinds of hardware devices (TVs from many makers, game consoles, tablets, etc.) and content owners deal with Netflix because they don#39;t want iTunes to dominate digital as it has digital music. Apple could buy Walt Disney Co. (DIS) instead (~B mkt cap) and own a vast library of content and the ;infrastructure; to develop more (A/ESPN, movie studios, etc.). It would probably divest theme parks, but the rest of Disney would give Apple an incredible platform to rethink at home in an on-demand world. It also would transform the company by making meaningful profits on content in addition to hardware. Time Warner (TWX) would be the other logical choice in this vector.一些人认为苹果应该收购网飞(Netflix)。理论上看这很合理:网飞的市值达到100亿美元,与大量内容所有者有业务来往,拥有一个存有已开发内容的数据库,还有令人愉快且忠心的顾客基础。但这个设想在我看来则不是那么合理。顾客喜爱网飞的原因是他们可以将它应用于所有硬件设备上(多家制造商的电视机、游戏机和平板电脑等),而内容所有者愿意与网飞合作,是因为他们不希望iTunes在统治数字音乐之后再统治数字视频领域。苹果可以转而收购迪斯尼(Walt Disney Co.,市值980亿美元),并拥有内容丰富的巨大数据库和“基础设施”以开发更多产品(A/ESPN频道、电影制片厂等)。迪斯尼主题公园可能需要出让,但是迪斯尼的其余部分能够给苹果提供难以置信的平台,以重新思考如何在这个随需应变的世界发展家庭视频业务。它还可以在硬件之外,从内容上获取有意义的利润,促使公司转型。根据这个思路,时代华纳(Time Warner)也是这个领域不错的收购对象。2. Buy Pipes. Many have thought that communications infrastructure would become ;dumb pipes; and the content and/or hardware companies would win home ;infotainment.; Pipes companies are still pretty valuable it turns out, and on-demand hasn#39;t really eroded that. You still need cable or fiber to your home to watch Netflix, and it#39;s not like total revenue to the ;cable; companies (Comcast, Time Warner Cable, Verizon Fios, etc.) has really declined. Plus, building out a telecom network to the home is pretty hard and costly… there#39;s a reason Google Fiber is available in precisely 1 of the top 100 US cities. The satellite TV guys (DirecTV, Dish Network) have good pay TV businesses and nationwide coverage but lack true broadband Internet offerings, so they wouldn#39;t be a fit.2、收购管道。许多人认为通讯的基础设施将成为“哑管道”,而内容和/或硬件公司将会赢取家庭的“资讯”项目。现在看来,管道公司仍然颇有价值,而即时点播的视频并没有淘汰管道。大家仍然需要电缆或光纤接入家中,以观看网飞上的节目,而“有线电缆”公司【康卡斯特(Comcast)、时代华纳有线(Time Warner Cable)、威瑞森(Verizon Fios)等等】的总收入也没有真正减少的迹象。此外,建设通往家中的电信网络难度很大,而且价格不菲……Google Fiber仅在美国前100座城市中的1座提供这种务是有原因的。卫星电视公司(DirectTV、Dish Network)有着利润颇丰的电视业务和覆盖全国的网络系统,但是缺少真正的宽带网络务,所以他们并不适合。Owning pipes and the content deals that go with them could strategically aid Apple in a couple ways. First, the iPhone was such a profitable success for Apple because it got to double dip -- consumers paid Apple and wireless carriers paid Apple (in the form of subsidies) for each device. No matter how awesome an Apple TV might be, it#39;s difficult to envision a similar scenario where cable companies subsidized the cost. By the time the iPhone came out, there were three or four wireless carriers with national scale so it made sense for ATamp;T (T) to do an exclusive with Apple, but cable still tends to be a local duopoly or even monopoly so less incentive to try to shift consumer share.拥有管道和与之匹配的内容业务可以在战略上助苹果一臂之力。首先,iPhone的成功带来了大量利润,因为它获取了双份收入——顾客要付给苹果钱,而无线运营商也要为每台设备向苹果付费(以补贴的形式)。不过无论Apple TV有多好,都很难再现这种盛况,让有线电视公司补贴成本。iPhone问世时,大概有三到四家全国性的无线运营商,因此可以理解为什么美国电话电报公司(ATamp;T)独家同苹果合作。但是有线市场基本由地方双头垄断,甚至独家垄断,所以他们没有动机来改变消费份额。But if Apple owned one of the big cable companies, it essentially could boost the profitability of TVs by internally subsidizing with monthly subscription revenue. Apple also would instantly get access to a huge swath of TV and movie content. Plus if they bought Comcast (6B mkt cap) it#39;s essentially a twofer of #1 (content production) and #2 (pipes) now that Comcast (CMCSA) has fully acquired N Universal.但是如果苹果坐拥其中某家大型有线公司,就可以通过每月的订购收入进行内部补贴,从而增加电视的利润。苹果还可以立刻获得大量电视和电影内容。此外,如果他们收购了康卡斯特(Comcast,市值1,060亿美元),就能得到买一赠一的优惠。其一是内容生产,其二是管道。如今康卡斯特已经完全收购了美国国家广播环球公司(N Universal)。3. Vertically Integrate. Apple also could vertically integrate in more radical ways. I don#39;t mean buying Hon Hai (aka Foxconn) to control vast labor and production of Apple#39;s hardware. I mean component suppliers like Marvell (B mkt cap) or STMicroelectronics (B mkt cap) for chips, or Sharp (B mkt cap) or Toshiba for LCD displays, etc. Companies like Samsung and LG also supply Apple with displays, but since they compete in end-user devices trying to buy either of them probably wouldn#39;t make sense. The display components are super low margin so Apple is unlikely to do that, but the semi companies conceivably could be a better fit. But at the end of the day vertically integrating wouldn#39;t really transform Apple#39;s business in the way #1 or #2 would.3、垂直整合。苹果还能以更彻底的方式进行垂直整合。我不是指收购鸿海集团(Hon Hai,又名富士康),以控制大量劳动力和苹果硬件的生产。我指的是收购零部件供应商,比如美满(Marvell,市值50亿美元)或意法半导体(STMicroelectronics,市值70亿美元)以提供芯片,或者夏普(Sharp,市值30亿美元)或东芝(Toshiba)以提供液晶显示屏等等。三星(Samsung)和LG这类公司也向苹果供应显示屏,但是由于它们在终端用户设备上存在一定的竞争,因此收购其中的任何一家可能都没有意义。显示器配件利润超低,因此苹果不太可能做这个,不过可以想见,收购一半股权是个更好的选择。但是说到底,垂直整合并不会像第一条和第二条方案那样真正改变苹果的业务。4. Buy A Social Platform. Facebook (B mkt cap) is the only one that makes sense to me from a strategic standpoint. Twitter doesn#39;t really give the same depth of strategic synergy and LinkedIn (LNKD) is ruled out because Apple is a consumer company rather than business-centric. But even though Apple could offer Facebook (FB) shareholders a 100% premium over the current stock price, obviously this one is never going to happen given Mark Zuckerberg#39;s voting control of the company.My bet, of course, is that Apple does none of these things. Maybe Hungary is starting to look more plausible…4、收购社交平台。从我的战略观点来看,Facebook(市值630亿美元)是唯一有意义的收购对象。Twitter的战略协作意义不够深远,而由于苹果是一家消费公司,而不以商务为中心,因此商务社交网站LinkedIn也可以排除。不过即便苹果能够按照目前的股价给Facebook的股东付100%的溢价,考虑到马克?扎克伯格在公司的表决控制权,收购也绝不可能发生。我打赌,当然,苹果不会做以上任何事情。这样看来,也许收购匈牙利开始显得更加合理……Lee Hower (@leehower) is a co-founder and general partner at NextView Ventures, a Boston-based investment firm focused on seed stage Internet-enabled businesses. He previously was part of the founding team at LinkedIn, serving as director of corporate development from the company#39;s inception through its early growth phases. He currently He blogs at AgileVC.作者李?豪威尔是投资公司NextView Ventures的共同创始人和普通合伙人。这家公司总部位于波士顿,主要从事早期互联网相关公司投资。他曾是商务社交网站LinkedIn的创始团队成员,从LinkedIn创立至成长初期担任企业发展总监。他目前的客设在AgileVC网站。 /201303/228438嘉兴改脸型 Nokia#39;s deal to sell its mobile phone business to Microsoft is not the first time a break-up of the Finnish group had been discussed. 诺基亚(Nokia)达成协议向微软(Microsoft)出售自己的手机业务,并不是这家芬兰企业首次讨论分拆。 In 1991, Ericsson, the Swedish telecoms equipment maker, proposed a takeover of Nokia, exploiting its rival#39;s weakness after the suicide of its chief executive. However, the deal collapsed as Ericsson wanted to split up Nokia and not buy the consumer electronics arm. 1991年,瑞典电信设备制造商爱立信(Ericsson)曾向诺基亚发出收购要约,试图利用后者在首席执行官自杀后陷入的脆弱。但这项交易最终未能达成,因为爱立信希望将诺基亚分拆,并且不愿收购消费电子部门。 A decade later, it was ruing its decision as the Finnish group became the world#39;s biggest maker of mobile phones while Ericsson struggled in the consumer market. 十年后,爱立信对自己当年的决定深感后悔,因为诺基亚那时已成为全球规模最大的手机生产商,而爱立信则在消费者市场苦苦挣扎。 Now the roles are reversed. Nokia this week has plumped to follow in its Swedish rival#39;s footsteps by jettisoning its consumer devices and focusing instead on telecoms equipment after a big strategic debate. 现在双方的处境再次发生了逆转。诺基亚在经历了一场重大战略辩论之后,上周决定跟随爱立信的脚步,抛弃自己的消费者产品部门,转而专注于电信设备。 The move breathes new life into the fiercest rivalry in European technology. The two companies have continually looked across the Gulf of Bothnia – the waters dividing Sweden and Finland – to check what the other was doing. 此举再度激活了欧洲科技行业对抗最激烈的一对竞争关系。这两家公司一直隔着瑞典和芬兰之间的波的尼亚湾(Gulf of Bothnia)相互注视,看对方在做些什么。 “We always kept a close eye on Ericsson and what they were up to. Of course, we moved a long way ahead of them in mobiles and I guess they followed us closely,” says a former Nokia executive. 诺基亚一名前高管表示:“我们一直在密切关注爱立信的动向,以及他们的业务规划。当然,我们在手机领域远远领先于爱立信,我猜他们在紧跟我们的步伐。” Ericsson has reaped the dividends of turning its back on the consumer sector with its shares up by a quarter in the past five years; even after Tuesday#39;s 34 per cent jump, Nokia#39;s shares are still down 71 per cent over the same period. 爱立信放弃消费者产品市场的决定已经收到了成效,该公司股价在过去五年里上涨了25%;而即使在周二暴涨34%以后,诺基亚在同期内的股价跌幅仍然达到了71%。 The Swedish company got out of mobile phones in 2011 when it sold its stake in the Sony Ericsson joint venture back to the Japanese group. Analysts say that it has become a more boring but reliable company. 爱立信于2011年退出了手机市场,当时该公司将其在合资企业索尼-爱立信(Sony Ericsson)所持股权出售给了索尼。分析师指出,此举使爱立信成为了一家沉闷但可靠的企业。 That is something that Nokia would like to emulate. “It#39;s true they have had a more exciting past,” says Risto Siilasmaa, Nokia#39;s chairman and acting chief executive. 而这正是诺基亚希望效仿的策略。诺基亚董事长兼临时首席执行官里斯托#8226;斯拉斯玛(Risto Siilasmaa)表示:“爱立信的发展历程确实更加激动人心。” He adds that the board has yet to discuss in detail the prospects for the new Nokia. “We honestly haven#39;t travelled down that strategic path yet. So much attention has gone to devices and services and its future,” he says. 斯拉斯玛补充称,董事会尚未仔细讨论过新诺基亚的发展前景。他表示:“老实说,我们还未讨论过那方面的战略发展方向。迄今大量精力都集中于设备和务业务及其未来。” NSN, Nokia#39;s telecoms equipment business, has gone through its own brutal journey. It has shed 17,000 workers in a deep restructuring in the past few years and is now Nokia#39;s only profitable business as well as its biggest by sales. 诺基亚的电信设备业务——诺基亚西门子通信(简称NSN)已完成了艰难的调整过程。该部门在过去几年的深度重组中,裁减了17000名员工,现在是诺基亚唯一盈利、且销售额最高的部门。 /201309/255852嘉兴曙光中西医医院整形美容中心毛发种植专家

嘉兴去腋毛医院Facebook#39;s billion purchase of WhatsApp is a reminder about the uncertain fate of another messaging application: BlackBerry#39;s BBM.Facebook Inc.以190亿美元收购WhatsApp,让人想起了另一款通讯应用悬而未决的命运:黑莓(BlackBerry Ltd.)的BBM。For years, BBM was one of the most popular instant-messaging tools in several countries, particularly in the developing world. In fast-growing countries like Indonesia and Nigeria, BBM dominated the messaging landscape. Pop stars wrote songs about it.多年来BBM在一些国家(尤其是发展中国家)一直是最受欢迎的即时通讯工具之一,在印度尼西亚、尼日利亚等快速增长的国家中称雄于通讯软件版图,甚至有流行歌手为其写歌谱曲。But other messaging apps have since overtaken BBM. WhatsApp, for instance, has 450 million monthly active users and is adding a million new users a day, according to the company. BBM has around 80 million monthly actives users, about half of whom don#39;t use the app on BlackBerry#39;s smartphones. (In 2012, there were 55 million monthly active BBM users on BlackBerry devices).但随后其他一些通讯应用取代了BBM的地位。据WhatsApp称,公司每月活跃用户达4.5亿,并且用户数还在以每天100万的速度增长。而BBM每月活跃用户约8,000万,其中约一半用户不在黑莓的智能手机上使用这款应用(2012年每月全球约有5,500万活跃用户在黑莓设备上使用BBM)。Still, even as BlackBerry#39;s core smartphone business was crumbling, BBM was considered a bright spot. This past summer, BlackBerry executives considered spinning off BBM into into its own company. Internally, executives referred to the unit as BBM Inc. The messaging app#39;s prospects routinely came up in news about possible BlackBerry buyers.尽管黑莓的智能手机核心业务处于困境,BBM却仍被视为该公司业务的一个亮点。黑莓高层曾在去年夏天考虑将BBM剥离为独立子公司,他们在公司内部将其称作BBM Inc.。每当有黑莓潜在买家的消息出现,这一通讯应用的前景也都会照例被提及。Now that WhatsApp has Facebook#39;s marketing might behind it, does BBM stand a chance?如今WhatsApp背后有着Facebook强大的营销实力,BBM还有翻身的希望吗?It#39;s unclear how BlackBerry plans to catch up to other messaging apps like WhatsApp, or whether it will take BBM in a different direction entirely.黑莓BBM打算如何追赶上WhatsApp这样的通讯应用?亦或它是否将朝着一个全然不同的方向发展?这些都不得而知。This fall, after years of internal deliberation and as it became clear that sales of its devices had collapsed, BlackBerry made BBM available to iPhone and Android users. That led to an early surge of downloads, but numbers have tapered off since. Adding to this uncertainty, BlackBerry#39;s executive in charge of BBM, Andrew Bocking, left earlier this month.经过数年的深思熟虑,伴随着设备销量大幅下滑成为明确问题,黑莓终于在去年秋天推出了iPhone版和安卓(Android)版的BBM应用。然而其下载量在经历了最初的大幅增长后便逐渐减少。本月早些时候,负责BBM业务的黑莓高管金(Andrew Bocking)离开了公司,给BBM的未来又添了一层不确定性。The man now in charge of BBM, John Sims, runs the company#39;s enterprise business. That might provide one possible road for BBM. John Chen, BlackBerry#39;s chief executive, has said he plans to make BBM a more enterprise-focused messaging tool, though he hasn#39;t provided any details about how he plans to do this.如今负责BBM业务的西姆斯(John Sims)管理着公司的企业业务,这或许为BBM铺开了另一条潜在发展道路。黑莓首席执行长程守宗(John Chen)曾表示他计划将BBM打造成为一个更侧重企业务的通讯工具,不过他并未给出其计划的具体内容。Whatever BBM#39;s future, investors think there#39;s an upside for BlackBerry. After the Facebook-WhatsApp deal was announced, shares of BlackBerry jumped as much as 8% in after hours trading.先不管BBM的未来如何,反正投资者是在看好黑莓。在Facebook宣布收购WhatsApp后,黑莓股价在盘后交易时段一度跃升8%。 /201402/276720南湖区自体脂肪移植隆胸价格 桐乡市濮院中心医院韩式隆鼻多少钱

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