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襄阳第四人民医院治疗龟头炎多少钱襄阳哪里有剪包皮的地方出门行路,一定要注意交通安全。不论是司机也好,行人也好,大家都希望“高高兴兴上班去,平平安安回家来”。今天,我们就来看看美国的一些交通规则,除了一些细枝末节外,其实和国内的交规差不太多。1. Always buckle up. 永远系好安全带。Buckle up指的是把安全带系好,还可以说fasten the seatbelt. 一般来讲,各个州都要求司机和司机副座上的乘客系安全带,不过现在很多州更为严格,要求普通轿车的所有乘客都要系安全带,否则被发现就要受处罚。记得我曾看过一个公益广告,警察出来说:“If you don’t buckle up, you’d better listen up.” 意思就是“如果你不系安全带,那么你最好听清楚了。” Listen up这个词组在口语里也很常用,它被用来提醒大家的注意,就是“听好了!”的意思。例如老师要宣布一件很重要的事情,但是班上乱哄哄的,老师就会说:“Listen up!”。  2. Put your children in back! 把您的孩子放在后座上!美国法律规定,12岁以及12岁以下的儿童一律要坐在后座上,而且4岁以下的婴幼儿要使用特殊的座位装置(我们在谈论车子的文章里,曾经提到过)。这是因为,儿童的骨质比较柔软,遇到危险紧急刹车,容易受到更大的冲击。  3. Never drunk drive! 决不酒后驾驶!美国的醉酒问题很严重,酒后开车出的事故也比其他原因的事故多。据说,每五个美国人中,有三个在他的一生中,都会遇到酒后开车的大大小小的事故(这可是我交规笔试的一道题)。各州对于酒后驾驶的处罚也非常严厉,除了罚款,扣分,试情形还要坐牢。你可能还会听说DUI Law,也就是Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol,这条法规禁止在使用毒品,造成神志不清醒的药物和酒精的情况下开车,抓到了,处罚也非常严厉。很多美国人有去酒吧喝酒聊天的习惯,所以交通部门建议最好有一个人保持清醒以便驾驶。另外,如果真的喝多了,有些酒吧也会免费提供出租车送你回家。   4. You always have to stop at a stop sign. 在停车标志前,你永远要停。Stop sign,停车标志,通常在比较小的路口出现,它起到了红绿灯的作用。这些路口因为比较小,车辆来往少,所以没有必要设置红绿灯,但是为了安全起见,车子开到路口,停一下,看看十字路口有没有行人车辆,再继续行驶。如果有,那么一定是先让行人,车辆就本着先来后到的原则了。   5. In a crosswalk, pedestrians have the right of way. 在过街人行道上,行人有先行权。这当然不是说,这边绿灯了,行人还要通过。基本在各个十字路口,都有指示行人的红绿灯,行人也都按照这个红绿灯的指示行动。有时候,由于行人比较少,这种红绿灯不是次次都变绿。因此,当你要过马路的时候,会发现路边的柱子上有一个按钮,按一下,控制中心就知道有人要过马路,过一会儿绿灯就会亮。如果你开车过十字路口,有行人过马路,无论何种情况,行人都有先行权,这在美国是起码的常识,也是一个讲文明公民的标志。 /200803/28472襄阳医院泌尿系统在线咨询 Ikea has recalled thousands of cakes from its stores in 23 countries after Chinese authorities identified high levels of bacteria normally found in human and animal waste.宜家从23个国家的连锁店召回了数千个蛋糕,因为中国当局在宜家蛋糕中发现了大量人畜粪便中所含的细菌。The furniture giant admitted on Tuesday that coliform bacteria had been found in two batches of almond cake from a supplier in Sweden.这一家具巨头周二承认,在来自瑞典一家供货商的两批杏仁蛋糕中发现了大肠菌。It comes after Chinese customs officials announced that they had destroyed a batch of 1,800 cakes after finding it contained high levels of coliforms which failed to meet hygiene standards.此前,中国海关官员宣布已经销毁了1800个宜家蛋糕,因为在这批蛋糕中发现了大量超标大肠菌。Coliforms, common bacteria which are found in faeces as well as soil and water, do not normally cause serious illness but are a sign of contamination which can indicate the presence of more harmful bacteria such as E.coli.大肠菌是一种存活在粪便、泥土和水中的常见细菌,一般不会导致重大疾病,但是大肠菌标志着可能存在一些更有害的细菌的污染,如大肠杆菌。It comes after Ikea recalled meatballs and sausages from 24 countries due to fears they could have been contaminated with horse meat.此前宜家刚刚从24个国家召回了肉丸和香肠,因为担心这些食品可能被马肉污染了。Ikea said batches of the cakes sold in all countries had been tested, but no evidence of contamination was found in those sold in the UK and Ireland.宜家称,已经对出售到各个国家的不同批次的蛋糕进行检测,在英国和爱尔兰出售的蛋糕没有发现污染迹象。The affected batches of almond cake with chocolate and butterscotch all came from the same Swedish supplier which exports to stores across the world, the retailer said.该零售巨头称,受污染的几批巧克力奶油糖杏仁蛋糕都来自同一家瑞典供货商,该供货商的产品出口到世界各地的商店。A spokesman said: ;There is no health risk associated with consuming this product. The production batches have, as per safety and quality routines, been tested for bacteria that can cause health issues, such as E.coli, and none of these pathogen bacteria have been found.一位发言人说:“食用这一产品没有健康风险。这几批产品都按照安全和质量常规检测过可能导致健康问题的细菌,如大肠杆菌,但没有发现任何这类致病细菌。;However, since the product does not comply with our strict food quality standards we have decided to withdraw the concerned production batches from sale in the 23 affected countries. The UK and Ireland are not affected.;“但是,因为这一产品不符合我们严格的食品质量标准,我们决定从受影响的23个国家召回受污染的批次产品。英国和爱尔兰没有受到影响。”The 23 countries(areas) in which almond cake was withdrawn were: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan and the ed Arab Emirates.杏仁蛋糕召回的23个国家(地区)是:澳大利亚、奥地利、比利时、保加利亚、中国、捷克共和国、丹麦、芬兰、法国、德国、希腊、匈牙利、意大利、荷兰、挪威、波兰、罗马尼亚、俄罗斯、斯洛伐克、瑞典、瑞士、台湾和阿拉伯联合酋长国。 /201303/228669An American friend has invited you to visit his family. You#39;ve never been to an American#39;s home before, and you#39;re not sure what to do. Should you take a gift? How should you dress? What time should you arrive? What should you do when you get there? Glad you asked. When you#39;re the guest, you should just make yourself at home. That#39;s what hospitality is all about: making people feel at home when they#39;re not.  一位美国朋友邀请你去他家。你以前从未去过美国人的家,你不确定该怎么做。该带一个礼物吗?该怎么穿?该几点到?到了那里该做什么?很高兴你发问。你若是客人,只要使自己感到自在就好了。待客之道就是这样:虽然不是在家里,却使客人有实至如归之感。  The question of whether or not to bring a gift often makes guests squirm. Giving your host a gift is not just a social nicety in some cultures-it#39;s expected. But in American culture, a guest is not obligated to bring a present. Of course, some people do bring a small token of appreciation to their host. Appropriate gifts for general occasions might be flowers, candy or-if the family has small children-toys. If you choose not to bring a gift, don#39;t worry. No one will even notice.  是否带礼物的问题常使客人不安。在某些文化中,送主人礼物不只是社交礼节——还是必要的。但是在美国文化中,客人并不一定要带礼物。当然,有些人的确会带个表示感谢的小礼物给他们的主人。在一般情況下,带花或是糖果,如果这家人有小孩,玩具应当是恰当的礼物。如果你选择不带礼物,別担心,甚至沒有人会注意到的。  American hospitality begins at home-especially when it involves food. Most Americans agree that good home cooking beats restaurant food any day. When invited for a meal, you might ask, ;Can I bring anything?; Unless it#39;s a potluck, where everyone brings a dish, the host will probably respond, ;No, just yourself.; For most informal dinners, you should wear comfortable, casual clothes. Plan to arrive on time, or else call to inform your hosts of the delay. During the dinner conversation, it#39;s customary to compliment the hostess on the wonderful meal. Of course, the biggest compliment is to eat lots of food!  美国人的待客之道从家里开始——尤其是和食物有关。大多数美国人都同意,无论如何,好的家常菜胜过餐馆的菜。受邀吃饭时,你或许可以问:「我可以带些什么吗?」除非是每人带一道菜的聚餐,否则主人很可能会回答:「不用,你来就可以了。」大多数非正式的聚餐,你应该穿舒适、轻便的衣。设法准时到,否则打电话告诉主人你会晚点到。用餐时,习惯上,人们会称赞女主人烹调的美食。当然,最大的赞美是多吃!  When you#39;ve had plenty, you might offer to clear the table or wash the dishes. But since you#39;re the guest, your hosts may not let you. Instead, they may invite everyone to move to the living room for dessert with tea or coffee. After an hour or so of general chit-chat, it#39;s probably time to head for the door. You don#39;t want to wear out your welcome. And above all, don#39;t go snooping around the house. It#39;s more polite to wait for the host to offer you a guided tour. But except for housewarmings, guests often don#39;t get past the living room.  当你吃得差不多时,或许可以主动表示要帮忙清理桌子或洗碗盘,但你既是客人,你的主人可能不会让你这样做。他们或许会邀请大家到客厅吃点心、喝茶或咖啡。聊个大约一小时或许就该离去了,你可不希望变得不受欢迎吧。还有最重要的是不要在屋子里四处窥探,等主人邀请你参观才较有礼貌。可是除了乔迁喜宴之外,客人通常都只待在客厅里。  Americans usually like to have advance notice when people come to see them. Only very close friends drop by unannounced. This is especially true if the guests want to stay for a few days. Here#39;s a good rule of thumb for house guests: Short stays are best. As one 19th century French writer put it, ;The first day a man is a guest, the second a burden, the third a pest.; Even relatives don#39;t usually stay for several weeks at a time. While you#39;re staying with an American family, try to keep your living area neat and tidy. Your host family will appreciate your consideration. And they may even invite you back!  美国人通常喜欢访客事先通知他们,只有非常亲密的朋友才可能不请自来,尤其在客人要待好几天时更是如此。最好不要久留——这是给访客的经验之谈。如同十九世纪一位法国作家所写的:「第一天是客人,第二天是负担,第三天就是讨厌鬼了。」即使是亲戚通常也不会一次待上几个星期。当你住在美国人家里时,设法使你住的地方保持整齐清洁。你的主人一家都会感谢你这么体贴,他们甚至会再邀请你!  Most Americans consider themselves hospitable people. Folks in the southern ed States, in particular, take pride in entertaining guests. In fact, ;southern hospitality; has become legendary. But in all parts of America, people welcome their guests with open arms. So don#39;t be surprised to find the welcome mat out for you. Just don#39;t forget to wipe your feet.  大多数美国人都认为他们是好客之人。尤其是美国的南方人更以款待客人自豪,事实上,「南方的款待」是人们所津津乐道口口相传的。不过在美国各地,人们都展开双臂欢迎他们的客人,所以当你发现有WELCOME字样的鞋垫为你而时,別惊讶,只是別忘了把你的脚擦干净就是了。 /201303/228229襄阳治疗前列腺炎的方法

襄阳一医院男科挂号襄阳四院医院治疗睾丸炎多少钱 When I began to train as a diplomatic historian of Brazil, friends and family worried that my life was bound to be dull and lonely in the dusty archives. Before the millennium, nobody cared or worried about Brazilian foreign policy.当我开始接受巴西外交历史学教育、以期在该领域成为一名专家的时候,朋友和家人都担心,我的人生注定会在沉闷与孤独中度过、整日与尘封的档案为伴。在本世纪之前,没有谁会在意或担心巴西的外交政策。But then the world changed. The US went to war in the Middle East, Europe faltered, Asia rose, and the institutions that governed the world were evidently no longer up to the task. Unsettling as they were, these transformations opened up a new world of opportunities. Brazil responded accordingly.但本世纪以来,世界发生了改变。美国在中东发动了战争,欧洲的发展步履蹒跚,亚洲实现了崛起,全球治理机构显然已不再胜任自己的工作。尽管这些变化令人感到不安,但它们却带来了一个充满机会的新世界。巴西也作出了相应的反应。It sponsored a web of regional institutions in South America, dished out aid and assistance to Africa, flexed its muscles in the World Trade Organisation, and pushed to make organisations such as the G20 and the Brics new fixtures in the international landscape. By the time the world financial crisis hit in 2007, in capitals around the globe everyone was asking: what does Brazil want?巴西向南美的一系列地区性机构提供了资助,向非洲慷慨地提供援助和帮助,在世贸组织(WTO)中展现了自己的实力,努力推动20国集团(G20)和金砖国家(巴西、俄罗斯、印度、中国和南非,简称Brics)等组织成为国际舞台上的新角色。到了2007年全球金融危机爆发的时候,世界各国的政界人士都在问:巴西这次想要什么?The typical answers were inauspicious. In Foreign Affairs magazine you could that Brazil was an “irresponsible stakeholder”, and in Foreign Policy that its aid policies would make the world more “corrupt, chaotic, and authoritarian”. A piece in Global Governance portrays the country as “the most revisionist of all emerging powers... a rising spoiler”.我看到的一般是负面的。在《外交》(Foreign Affairs)杂志上,你可以读到,巴西是一个“不负责任的利益攸关者”。《外交政策》(Foreign Policy)杂志则认为,巴西的援助政策会让世界变得更加“腐败、混乱和专制”。《全球治理》(Global Governance)期刊中的一篇文章,将巴西描述为“所有新兴大国中修正主义倾向最强的国家……一个崛起中的捣乱者。”To my mind, such criticisms miss a subtle point. The Brazilian establishment does not see itself as a challenger of the global order, even if in its eyes the world remains a nasty place dominated by a handful of powerful nations that will do what they can to keep the likes of Brazil in their place. The solution, it says, lies in piecemeal reforms to mitigate existing inequalities of power. Nobody in Brasilia wants to rock the boat - just to make it bigger and more balanced.在我看来,这种批评忽略了很微妙的一点。巴西当局并不认为自己是全球秩序的挑战者,尽管在其眼中这个世界仍是由少数强国主导的“肮脏之地”(这些强国会尽其所能让巴西这样的国家“保持本分”)。巴西当局表示,为了解决世界面临的问题,应推进渐进的改革,以缓解目前存在的权力不平等。没有哪位巴西政界人士想把船弄翻,他们只是想把船变大、并让它变得更加平衡。Thus Brazil says that cherishing non-proliferation is one thing, but sanctioning Iran while rewarding nuclear-armed Israel or India is counterproductive. It also argues that you can be a lover of democracy, just like the US, but this ideal is better served by lifting a 50-year embargo on Cuba. And while Brasilia argues that it is right and proper to suspend a country#39;s sovereign rights when rulers sponsor mass atrocities against their own people, it also insists that Nato#39;s behaviour in Libya smacked of neocolonialism.因此巴西才表示,核不扩散确实应该得到重视,但在制裁伊朗的同时奖赏拥有核武装的以色列和印度只能起到反效果。巴西还认为,你可以像美国那样推崇民主,但这种理想最好通过取消对古巴长达50年的禁运来体现。此外,虽然巴西当局认为,当一国统治者在背后持针对本国人民的大规模暴行时,中止该国的主权是正确和适当的,但它同时也坚持认为,北约(NATO)在利比亚的所作所为有一丝新殖民主义的味道。Yet, when push comes to shove, Brazil struggles to explain what the more balanced world of its dreams would look like. Securing itself a permanent seat in a reformed UN Security Council, or enjoying a few extra perks in the Bretton Woods institutions, does not add up to a compelling vision that others can share. Nor do platitudes about South America as a space of peace and co-operation, which fail to address the many worries of Brazil#39;s neighbours, some of whom see it, sometimes, as an unaccommodating regional hegemon.然而,到了关键时刻,巴西还是很难解释其梦想中的更为平衡的世界究竟是什么样的。在改革后的联合国安理会(UN Security Council)斩获一个永久席位,或在布雷顿森林(Bretton Woods)机构中享有少许额外特权,并不意味着拥有一个其他国家都认同的诱人愿景——有关南美是和平与合作之地的陈词滥调也是如此,因为这种说法并没有化解巴西邻国的很多担忧。有时候,这些邻国还将巴西视为一个不友好的地区霸主。Brazil is sharing the burden of global governance more than before - for example with peace-keeping troops in Haiti. But while its diplomatic service has expanded rapidly over the past decade, it remains too small and underfunded for the country to truly project itself abroad.巴西目前分担的全球治理责任要超过以往,它派驻海地的维和部队就是一例。不过,尽管过去十年里巴西的外交务发展得很迅速,但这种务的规模依然太小、撑这种务的资金也严重不足,这使得巴西难以真正在海外发挥自己的影响力。Some say that Brazil is exceptionally equipped to bridge the world#39;s rich and poor, black and white, and Arabs and Jews because its ethnically mixed society is living proof of reconciled national contradictions. But its record in international mediation is not impressive.有人认为,在弥合世上的富人与穷人、黑人与白人、阿拉伯人与犹太人之间的鸿沟方面,巴西有着独特的优势,因为其由各种族混合而成的社会能够生动地明,民族矛盾是可以调和的。但巴西在国际调解方面的往绩却并不出色。Others argue that Brazil represents the voice of the global disfranchised. Yet, for all the rhetoric of “development”, Brazilian foreign policy promotes big business abroad rather than seriously working to improve the lot of the Brazilian majority, who remain either poor or very poor.还有人认为,巴西代表着全球弱势群体的声音。然而,尽管巴西高举“发展”旗帜,其对外政策仍是促进大企业在海外的发展,而不是真正努力去改善大多数巴西人的命运——这些人仍处在贫穷或非常贫困的境地。No wonder some have construed Brazil#39;s quest for greater status as little more than an exercise in national vanity and pride, a sense of entitlement based on the country#39;s belief in its own exceptionalism. Exceptionalist accounts are common to all major powers. It is a rather aristocratic quality, which rests on the assumption that nations can operate on the basis of who they are rather than what they do (a more bourgeois ideal).难怪一些人认为,巴西提高自身地位的努力纯粹出于民族虚荣心和自豪感,也就是一种因信仰本国例外论而产生的优越感。对所有主要大国来说,本国例外论的观点都很常见。这是一种相当贵族化的品质,它基于一个假设,即各国的运行可以“它们是谁”、而非以“它们做什么”为基础(一种有资产阶级倾向的理想)。Perhaps Brazil#39;s pride is understandable in view of its long history of imperialism under the French, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, British and Americans. Only 40 years ago, for example, this is what the British ambassador in Rio de Janeiro had to say: “The Brazilians are still a tremendously second-rate people: but it is equally obvious that they are on their way to a first-rate future.” Today it is only natural that Brazilians should stand up to the hegemonic presumptions that they see as still prevalent in the world.考虑到巴西在法国人、西班牙人、葡萄牙人、荷兰人、英国人和美洲人治下的悠久帝国主义历史,它的自豪感或许是可以理解的。比如说,就在40年前,英国驻里约热内卢大使还不得不这么说,“巴西人现在显然仍是二等人,但同样显然的是,他们正走在成为一等人的道路上”。今天,巴西人应该站起来对这种他们认为仍盛行于世界的霸权推定说不——这是再自然不过的事情。As I watch Brazil#39;s current rise from the dusty safety of the archives, my hope is that it will take part in the global conversation.从尘封的档案中,我目睹了巴西崛起的过程。我的希望是,巴西能够加入到全球对话中。It would be a shame if policymakers east and west dismissed what Brazilian leaders had to say as too disruptive or irrelevant without first giving them the benefit of the doubt. And it would be a self-inflicted wound if Brazilian statesmen were to walk away, blinded by an overly fervent sense of national pride.如果东西方政策制定者对巴西领导人不得不说的话不作任何善意理解、就认定这些说法纯属捣乱或毫不重要,那就太令人遗憾了。另一方面,如果巴西政治家面对这种局面、被一种过于强烈的民族自豪感蒙蔽了双眼而选择背身而去,那将让巴西蒙受自找的伤害。After all, Brazil#39;s trajectory from colony to economic powerhouse, from stale dictatorship to vibrant democracy, is simply spectacular. There#39;s a powerful message there.毕竟,巴西从殖民地到经济强国、从腐朽的独裁制度到生机勃勃的民主制度的转变是一件了不起的事情。这件事传递出了强有力的信号。Matias Spektor is the 2013 Rio Branco Chair in International Relations at King’s College London, and an associate professor at Fundao Getulio Vargas in Rio de Janeiro本文作者为伦敦国王学院(King#39;s College London) 2013届“里奥?布兰科”国际关系学教授(the 2013 Rio Branco Chair in International Relations)、里约热内卢“热图利奥?瓦尔加斯基金会”(Fundao Getulio Vargas)副教授 /201303/230413襄阳男性阴囊上面结疤了

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