赣州瑞金妇幼保健院有学生套餐
时间:2019年12月15日 23:47:21

Nobody likes being lonely.没人喜欢孤独。As it turns out, loneliness can be unhealthy as well. 事实明,孤独对身体健康也能造成危害。The study was done by psychologist John Cacioppo at the University of Chicago.这项研究是由芝加哥大学心理学家约翰·卡奇普完成。He had thirty three male college students and twenty one female students spend five nights in a lab where their sleep could be carefully monitored.33名男大学生及21名女大学生被测试者在一个实验室中度过5晚,而这些人的睡眠则被仔细监控。That was done by having them catch Zs while wearing a special skull-cap that had devices for measuring eye motions, head motions, and brain waves.这是通过熟睡时戴着一顶测量眼球动作,头部动作及脑电波的特殊帽子完成的结果。Why? Because different kinds of waves are generated by your brain as you sleep, and the motions of your body-especially your eyes-give information about how your sleep is going.为什么?因为大脑在你熟睡时会产生不同类型的波,而身体的运动,特别是你的眼睛,展现出你的睡眠如何的信息。Afterward, the students filled out a questionnaire describing themselves.测试之后,学生们填了一份描述自己的调查问卷。In particular Cacioppo wanted to know what their social lives were like, to see if there was any connection between your social life and how well you sleep.卡奇普想了解他们的社会生活状况,来看看社会生活与睡眠之间是否有什么联系。There was indeed a connection.确实是有联系。Everyone slept for about the same amount of time, but the volunteers who rated themselves as the loneliest were also the ones who were most likely to wake up during the night.每个人都睡了大约相同时间,但认为自己最孤独的志愿者同样也最有可能在夜晚醒来。Not only that, they stayed down in deep sleep less than other people did.不仅如此,他们的深度睡眠少于其他人。What do these findings mean?这些发现意味着什么?The researchers themselves note that it isnt clear yet which is the cart and which is the horse.研究者们自己注意到并不清楚本末。That is, does being lonely interfere with a healthful nights sleep?也就是说,孤独是否会影响健康的夜间睡眠?Or, on the other hand, do people who sleep poorly for one reason or another wind up irritable and difficult to deal with, making it harder to have friends?抑或是另一方面, 因为这样或那样原因人的睡眠很糟糕最终易怒,难以相处,最终交友困难?One way or the other, lonely feels bad-and sleep shows it, too.不管怎样,孤独的滋味不咋样,就连睡眠也表明了这点。201310/260802

Business this week 一周商业要闻Jul 6th 2013 2013.07.06 A slew of data suggested that the British economy is recovering more robustly than had been thought. Indices of activity in manufacturing and services increased by the fastest rate in two years; a measure of business confidence was at its highest level since 2007; and a survey of credit conditions found a rise in demand for mortgages. Those figures gave Mark Carney a boost in his first week as governor of the Bank of England. Sober heads say the recovery is fragile, and point to the lack of investment.大量数据显示,英国经济复苏势头强劲,超过预期。制造业和务业PMI指数两年来均保持最快速率增长(见图)。商业信心测算值达07年以来最高水平。市场抵押需求增大,信贷条件水涨船高。前景乐观,令适才上任一周的英格兰行长马克·卡奈幸得喘气之机。清醒人士提醒,复苏表面势头虽强,本质仍显脆弱;缺少投资的现实亦如鲠在喉。Add Basel to the mix 加上巴塞尔The Federal Reserve issued rules that will compel American banks to follow the Basel 3 accords requiring them to hold more and higher-quality capital. The Fed also said it was planning even tougher requirements for eight systemically important banks, which may include a higher leverage ratio, a way of measuring how much equity banks have as a proportion of total assets.美国联邦储备局出台措施,强制美国遵守巴塞尔协议三的条款要求,持有更多且更优质的资本。美联储还表示,将对八个具有系统重要性的采取更严厉的整顿计划,可能要求提高资本充足率,即要求增大其资产净值占总资产的比重。The European Parliament voted narrowly against a measure to extend a cap on bankers’ bonuses to fund managers. Opponents of the plan argued that it would increase fixed costs on an industry that bore no responsibility for the financial crisis.欧洲议会投票决议,否决了增大投资家分红比例的提案。投反对票人士表示,金融危机到来时,投行往往推卸责任;若增大分红比例,会导致投行固定资产增加,投资风险增大。Zynga’s founder, Mark Pincus, stepped down as chief executive after a turbulent period at the online-gaming company, which is struggling to repeat the success of its desktop games on mobile devices. His replacement is Don Mattrick, who runs Microsoft’s Xbox unit and so may have learned a thing or two from the troubled launch of Xbox One.星佳都市线上游戏公司创始人马克·平克斯经历公司动乱期后辞去CEO职务,他曾试图将其在移动设备桌面游戏所创造的的辉煌复制到线上游戏,无奈未能成功。接任者是曾经担任微软Xbox部门主负责人的唐·马特里克,也许他能借鉴Xbox的经验教训,令星佳都市再创辉煌。Investors generally welcomed Nokia’s decision to buy Siemens’s share of the pair’s mobile-network equipment venture. The 1.7 billion euros(2.2 billion dollars) deal gives the Finnish company full control of Nokia Siemens Networks, which is a profitable business, in contrast to Nokia’s floundering mobile-phone division.诺基亚决定收购其与西门子的合资公司——诺基亚西门子通信公司的移动网络设备股份,投资者们喜闻乐见。17亿欧元(22亿美元)的收购金额将使这个总部位于芬兰的公司全权掌控诺基亚西门子网络。相对于老诺基亚风雨飘摇的移动电话产业,新诺西无疑是有利可图的。BlackBerry’s share price slumped by a third after it published disappointing quarterly earnings and revealed an 84m dollars loss. The smartphone-maker has revamped its range with touchscreen devices, but the 6.8m phones it shipped in the three months to June was below the 7.45m that had been forecast.继惨淡的季度收入表和一份8400万的亏损额公布后,黑莓公司股价下跌了三分之一。虽竭力完善触屏设备业务范围,然而其第二季度所售智能手机业务量只有680万,未达到预期的745万销售量。Stay of execution? 缓期执行?In a second vote the European Parliament decided to delay issuing more industrial permits to emit carbon. A glut of permits issued by Europe’s emissions-trading scheme has caused the price to sink, thus reducing the incentive for firms to cut carbon. But some argue that limiting the supply of permits will raise costs for businesses during the euro zone’s worst economic crisis. In April the parliament voted against the plan, bringing the ETS close to collapse.第二轮投票中,欧洲议会决定暂缓发放新的CO2工业排放许可。欧盟的“碳排放交易计划”发布许可供过于求,已导致许可价格降低,同时降低的还有相关企业降低碳排的积极性。有人表示,当下欧元危机深重,减少许可发放量会引起公司成本上升。该项决议在四月份表决通过,“碳排计划”由此形同虚设。Louis Freeh, the director of the FBI between 1993 and 2001, was asked to head an investigation into allegations of improper payments in the office that is processing claims against BP for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Last month BP ran newspaper advertisements stating its commitment to fork out for “legitimate claims”, but insisting that some losses were “inflated”.就英国石油公司深水地平线原油漏油事件不合理索赔核算问题,前美国联邦调查局(1993-2001)局长路易斯·弗里已受命展开独立调查。上个月,英国石油公司登报表示,同意付法律索赔金,但坚持表示有些索赔请求略显“夸大”。A former chairman of Olympus, Tsuyoshi Kikukawa, and two other executives were given suspended prison sentences for trying to hide losses at the Japanese optical-devices company. The scandal came to light in 2011 when Michael Woodford, Olympus’s chief executive at the time, blew the whistle. Suspended sentences are often handed down in Japan for white-collar crime.光学设备公司奥林巴斯总裁兼董事长菊川刚及另外两名高管因掩盖巨额投资亏损被判处缓期徒刑。2011年该丑闻被当时英国籍的CEO迈克尔·伍德福德曝出。在日本,缓期徒刑通常宣称为白领犯罪。The chairman of CJ Group, a South Korean chaebol, was charged with embezzlement. Lee Jay-hyun is a grandson of Samsung’s founder. The government in Korea has promised to crack down on alleged mismanagement at the country’s powerful conglomerates.韩国财阀希杰集团总裁李在贤被指控挪用公款。李在贤为三星创始人之孙。韩国政府表示,针对本国实力雄厚的的大企业的问题上处理不当,承诺将进行整顿制裁。America’s Commodity Futures Trading Commission indicted Jon Corzine on civil charges in relation to the 2011 bankruptcy of MF Global, a derivatives broker at which he was chief executive. The CFTC is charging Mr Corzine with a “failure to supervise diligently” when customer funds were misused to cover bets on debt. He says the allegations have no merit.美国商品期货交易委员会对乔恩·科尔津提出民事指控,认为他与2011年全球曼氏金融破产案有关。全球曼氏金融算是一个微型投行,乔恩是其前任CEO。委员会对乔恩的指控中说,科尔津“未能尽职监管”客户资金流向,使其被挪作他用,填补债务空缺。乔恩则表示该控告为空穴来风。Steinway Musical Instruments agreed to be bought by Kohlberg amp; Company in a private-equity deal valued to the tune of 438m dollars. Steinway was founded in Manhattan by a German immigrant in 1853 and soon became the world’s most famous maker of pianos. It has factories in Queens in New York and in Hamburg.一场私募股权交易当中,斯坦威乐器公司同意以4亿3千8百万的价格被科尔伯格公司收购。斯坦威公司创于1853年,创始者为一个曼哈顿的德国移民。建立后不久它就成为了世界上最著名的钢琴制造商。它在纽约皇后区和德国汉堡都有制造工厂。Brothers who can spare a dime 穿一条裤子的兄弟Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, entrepreneurial twins linked to the early days of Facebook, submitted a plan to regulators to set up an exchange-traded fund in Bitcoins. The virtual currency hit the headlines in April when prices soared and plunged. It is thought unlikely that regulators will approve the Winklevoss Bitcoin Trust.卡梅隆和泰勒·温科勒伍——早前在Facebook的创业兄弟向监管部门提交了一份计划,申请建立比特币交易所交易基金。四月份的各种头版头条都被这个虚拟货币的波动情况给占满了。不过,要让监管部门通过这项建立温科勒伍比特币基金计划,希望并不大。201307/247739

Transatlantic espionage横跨大西洋的谍战The lives of others窃听风暴European governments should not kick up a fuss about American spying. They have too much to lose欧洲国家政府不应为了“棱镜”门而大吵大闹。因为他们将损失惨重NOBODY likes to be spied on, especially by their allies, so it is hardly surprising that Europeans are angry about American espionage operations conducted against them, on their territory. These include spying on the European Union embassy in Washington, DC (with a bug in the fax machine), and on the governments of France, Germany and other countries, as well as the collection of large amounts of electronic data—in Germany’s case half a billion phone calls, e-mails and text messages every month. In a country where Gestapo and Stasi crimes still leave dark shadows, and privacy rights have near-religious significance, that causes outrage.没人喜欢被监控,更不要说被自己的盟友监控了。所以,当欧洲国家发现,美国人在对他们实施监控、还是在自己的地盘上时,会火冒三丈就不足为奇了。美国不仅监控了欧盟驻华盛顿大使馆(在其传真机内植入窃听器)、法德等其他国家政府,还搜集了大量电子数据——就德国而言,其电话、邮件、信息的被监控量每月达五亿。在德国,盖世太保(Gestapo)和斯塔西(Stasi)曾犯下许多罪行,人们心头的阴影还没消散,加之隐私权的神圣性在这里堪比宗教,美国的窃听行为可谓激起了民愤。Many Europeans see in the disclosure further evidence of American arrogance and unaccountability—just another episode in a story that includes an illegal war in Iraq, drone strikes, “extraordinary rendition”, waterboarding and secret prisons. Some European politicians want a punitive response. One idea is to suspend agreements on sharing financial and other data between intelligence and law-enforcement agencies. Another is to halt talks on a big new transatlantic trade deal. A third is to offer asylum to Edward Snowden, the source of the leaks about his former employer, America’s National Security Agency. He is now marooned at a Moscow airport.在许多欧洲人看来,此次“棱镜”门曝光乃美国人傲慢自大、行事鬼祟的又一明。当人们目睹了发生在伊拉克的非法战争、无人机空袭、“非常规引渡”、水刑、秘密监狱等美国的一系列恶行之后,窃听事件只不过是故事的又一个插曲而已。某些欧洲政客希望对此采取惩罚性对策。第一种方法是,中止情报局、执法机构间的包括金融数据在内的信息共享协议。第二种,暂停最近重要的跨大西洋自由贸易协议谈判。第三种,为爱德华#8226;斯诺登(Edward Snowden)提供庇护。正是他对外披露了美国国家安全局(也就是他的前雇主)的秘密文件。目前,斯诺登仍困在莫斯科的一家机场中。But any of these grandstanding approaches would be a mistake. One reason is hypocrisy. France has formidable foreign-intelligence services that spy on America, for economic and political advantage. Much of the intelligence that America gathers—especially in counter-terrorism—is shared with European countries. And much of the American activity in Europe happens in partnership with local agencies, even in Germany. Some of this co-operation may be of borderline legality in the countries concerned. Its disclosure may be embarrassing for politicians there. But that is hardly America’s fault.但是,这些高调的处理方法可能都错了。原因之一——虚伪。法国的外国情报工作做得让人胆颤心惊,它为了经济、政治上的利益,也在监视美国。美国搜集的大部分情报都是与欧洲国家共享的,尤其在反恐方面。而且美国在欧洲的大部分行动,如果没有当地机构的合作是完成不了的,即便在德国也不例外。就相关国家而言,其中的部分合作是否合法可能还无法确定。“棱镜”门可能会让那些国家的政客深陷囧地。不过,这可算不上是美国的错。A second reason is self-interest. America’s security umbrella allows European countries to feel safe from, for instance, the possibility of future Russian aggression while spending little on defence. But Europeans cannot take such protection for granted. In many American eyes, Europeans are aly wobbly, tiresome free-riders who do not police their Islamist extremists properly, breach sanctions, flirt with dictatorships and leak secrets to the Russians and Chinese. America’s armed forces are aly draining away from Europe because of Barack Obama’s “pivot” to Asia and a shortage of cash. The last tanks left in April. A petulant European response to the spy row risks speeding the pull-out.原因之二——自私自利。在美国的安全网保护之下,欧洲国家只需花费少量的国防开,就可以高枕无忧,比如,不用担心俄国可能会在将来大举进犯。但欧洲国家不能把这种保护看作理所当然的。在许多美国人眼中,欧洲国家早已是个摇摆不定、招人厌的“蹭饭一族”形象——他们没有妥善地治理本国的伊斯兰极端主义者,他们违背制裁、和独裁者暗中勾结,向俄国、中国泄漏机密。美国的武装力量已经从欧洲逐渐消失了,因为巴拉克#8226;奥巴马的“战略轴心”转向了亚洲,而且美国缺乏资金。四月份的时候,最后一批坦克撤离了。欧洲要是这么任性地处理窃听风波,可能会加速美方撤离。Europe also has most to gain from a transatlantic trade deal. It desperately needs the extra economic growth an agreement would bring (see article). America wants it too—but it is aly enjoying a moderate economic revival of the sort the Europeans would kill for, and is also involved in negotiating a similar, transpacific pact, on which it can focus its efforts if the spying row makes dealing with the Europeans too difficult.而且,跨大西洋自由贸易协议一旦达成,欧洲将成为最大的收益方。它急需这笔协议推动经济发展、带来额外增长(另见文)。美国也需要,但它的经济已经处于温和的复苏状态,而这样的增长速度正是欧洲竭力想达到的。而且美国也正筹备商议一个类似的跨太平洋协议,这样一来,如果窃听风波严重影响到了它和欧洲国家的谈判,它还可以调整重心,转移到跨太平洋协议上来。It won’t stop the snooping窃听活动不会就此停息Finally, there is the pointlessness of the threat. Even if European governments did cut intelligence links with the Americans, that would not stop the spying. America would continue to conduct operations against all but a handful of truly close allies, such as Canada and Britain. Better to work alongside the Americans, than to treat them as enemies.最后要说的是,此时相挟,毫无意义。就算欧洲国家政府切断与美方的情报线,窃听活动也不会就此停息。除英国和加拿大等少数心腹盟友,美国会继续对所有人实施监控。与其把美国当做敌人,还不如和它并肩作战。None of this changes America’s need to discipline its spies for its own sake. As this newspaper made clear when the Snowden scandal broke, Americans need a much clearer idea of what is being done in their name. But Europe has most to lose from a transatlantic row. So why start one?美国有必要为了自己,好好整顿一下情报部门了。这一点是一切都无法改变的。正如本报在斯诺登丑闻被爆时明确所说,美国需要更清楚地弄明白,(间谍)正以美国的名义在干些什么。但欧洲如果因这起跨大西洋窃听案而和美国闹僵,将会是最大失败者。所以,又何必呢?201307/247536

Business商业报道A Mexican start-up一个墨西哥式的开始Border buzz边境上的嗡嗡声A small dronemaker is a fine example of cross-border co-operation一个小小的遥控飞行器是跨境合作的一个典型范例。FEW companies embody the spirit of Mexican-American co-operation as much as 3DRobotics, founded by a Mexican, Jordi Muoz, and an American, Chris Anderson.很少有公司像3D机器人公司,由一个墨西哥人和一个美国人建立,一样象征了美国墨西哥裔合作精神。The factory in Tijuana where they make their small drones is so close to the border that they could, if they were allowed, fly across to San Diego.在蒂华纳的工厂,那里他们制作他们小小的遥控飞行器,距离边境非常近以至于它们,如果允许的话,可以飞越边境去圣地亚哥。That is where the firms boffins engineer them.那是他们公司的工程师。Mr Muoz, born a few hours south of Tijuana, grew up dreaming of building robotic flying machines, but only managed to do so after moving to California.Mr Muoz,出生在离蒂华纳南部开车要几个小时的地方,从小梦想着制造一个遥控飞行器,但仅仅在他搬到了加利福尼亚后才实现这个梦想。He says he could not have succeeded without the ed States technological prowess and entrepreneurial culture.他说道如果没有美国的技术实力和创业文化他是不能够成功的。Yet chicanadas—the knack Mexicans reckon they have for using whatever is at hand to solve a problem—were also crucial.但是墨西哥人自己的思维方法—墨西哥人认为他们拥有的利用任何手边的条件来解决问题的做事窍门——也很关键。He began to make progress in 2006, when the imminent launch of Apples iPhone triggered a plunge in the cost of the motion sensors he needed to build his dream.他在2006年开始有进展,当时苹果的iphone即将发行引起了对他需要的构建梦想的动作传感器的经费投入。He found that in America he got plenty of encouragement.他发现在美国他得到了许多的鼓励。Unlike Mexico, it has a culture that lets you believe you can be the best in the world, he says.不像在墨西哥,它有一个让你相信你能够成为世界上最优秀的人的文化,他说道。It is easy to buy supplies on eBay—and, again in contrast to Mexico, the postal system delivers them quickly and reliably.在eBay上很容易买到供应的材料,并且,与墨西哥相反的是,邮政系统交付货物迅速可靠。Mexican bureaucracy makes it hard to get started: even a tiny garage start-up requires an industrial permit.墨西哥的官僚主义让它很难起步:即使是一个小小的车库的运营也需要工业许可。Mr Muoz says most Americans dont trust Mexicans very much;Mr Muoz说大部分美国人并不非常相信墨西哥人;but he credits Mr Andersons untypical background for helping him to see beyond the racial stereotype and write a 500 cheque for Mr Muoz the first time he met him: The best 500 hes ever spent.但是他相信安德森的非典型背景,帮助他打破种族思维定势;并且在安德森第一次见他的时候就开了一张500美元的票给他:他曾经花过的最值的500美元。As for chicanadas, he says his first plastics were moulded in a toaster.至于墨西哥人的诀窍,他说他的第一次作品模型是在面包机理做出来的。Before the firm had its own premises, Mr Muoz got some friends to assemble the drones in their kitchen.在这家公司得到自己许可之前,Mr Muoz和他的朋友聚集在他们的厨房装配无人机。From such humble beginnings, 3DRobotics hopes its pilotless craft will be used for anything from monitoring crops to lifeguard duties on beaches.从如此低的起点开始,3D机器人公司希望它的无人机技术被用来监视任何东西,从沙滩上的人群到救生员职责。Its neither a San Diego firm nor a Tijuana firm, says Mr Muoz. It will always be both.它既不是一个圣地亚哥公司也不是一个蒂华纳公司,Mr Muoz。它总是两者兼有。 /201311/262947


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