长春白求恩医科大学第一医院月经不调管常识

来源:搜狐娱乐
原标题: 长春白求恩医科大学第一医院月经不调家庭医生养生
Were at the bottom.Here something is definitely warmer.Lets get go.我们已经到山脚了 这里明显的比较暖和 继续前进You can walk here for days and see no evidence of civilization.你即便在这徒步几天也未必能碰到人烟This area wasnt even mapped untill early 20th century.直到20世纪初 此地才被绘图入册In remote regions,its often a good plan to follow streams and rivers.在这种杳无人迹的地方 沿着小溪河流走是为上策As they offer the quickest route to low ground.它们指引了通往低地的捷径But water always follows the path of least resistance.然而水总是在阻力最小的地方流动Tracking their path can be a real challenge.追寻溪水的流向可谓挑战重重Careful, steady, steady.Theres a lot of water going down this.小心 稳住了 稳住 这个瀑布的水流挺大的And its a long, long way down. Hang on.Probably about 70, 80 foot at least.而且也挺深的 稍等 大概有个七八十英尺Its also dangerously steep.陡峭而危险Descending the sheer rock face would just be suicide.沿着如此陡的绝壁上往下爬无异于自杀I could climb down the tree which is wedged into the falls,我可以沿着瀑布中的那根孤木而下but it wont get me all the way to the bottom.但这无法让我到达瀑布底部I need to make something to get me down the rest of the way.之后的那段 我需要借助其他东西Learning to improvise is a key in any survival situation.学习就地取材是绝境求生的关键Im gonna use a cord from my paraglider.The forest will provide the rest.我要利用伞包里的绳索 其他的就在森林中就地取材And thats probably gonna be long enough.这个应该够长了All Im doing is making like an improvised,makeshift rope ladder.我不过就是因地制宜 就地取材 做一条绳梯And we used to use these sort of things loads in the special forces过去我们在特种部队就经常这么做just lightweight, thin wire-rope ladders for getting up difficult, awkward places.用又细又轻的钢丝做绳梯 来攀越各种难缠而棘手地方201608/458319Back at base, Oiver studied the most complete fossil he had from before the super-continent split up.回到基地,Oiver开始研究他找到的最完整的大陆分裂前的骨骼If the vicariance theory was right如果地理分隔假说是正确的then it should look very similar to its relatives in the Northern Hemisphere.那么它必然与北半球的近亲非常相似It is a medium sized meat-eating dinosaur which,它是中等体型的食肉恐龙which still means that of course for our modern standards this would be a pretty enormous beast.按照现在的标准来看,它仍然是庞然大物The total length would probably be something like around five metres它的腿骨全长大约有5米which is two times the length of the modern tiger which is the largest land predator that we have.比当今最大的掠食动物--老虎还要长2倍We know that animals of more or less this size move at something like 40km/h.我们知道类似这种体型的恐龙奔跑速度大概是40公里/小时It probably looked very much like the familiar allosaurus of North America.它非常像我们熟悉的北美洲异特龙The Argentinean dinosaur was an early ancestor of the predators that went on to dominant the late Jurassic,阿根廷的恐龙是后来称霸晚侏罗世的掠食恐龙的先祖but the crucial thing was that it was virtually identical to dinosaurs in the Northern Hemisphere最关键的是,它实质上与北半球的恐龙是一样的and this could only be the case if the dinosaurs were able to migrate freely between north and south.唯一的可能就是当时南北方的恐龙能自由迁徙。201706/514793

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201611/479263In these conditions,Im having to push the snowmobile to its limits.在这种情况下 我必须全速前进But its keeping me ahead of the weather.托让我一路领先 避开了恶劣天气Ive almost made it to the ridge.But up here, the snow is much deeper.就快要到达山脊了 在这里 积雪更深And the snowmobile is sinking under its own weight.雪地托的自重使它不断下陷Its wedged right down in the deep snow, that.完全陷到雪里去了Thing is, all the snow at the moment is just like porridge.现在 这些积雪就像一碗浓粥Yeah, Im not gonna shift this.Its onto foot from here.Okay.陷进去 我就没法把它搬起来了 从现在开始 只能靠脚力了 好吧Its 3 degrees below freezing up here,这里的气温是零下三度And its only gonna get colder as the clouds move in.随着云量的增多 气温还会持续下降If you can get to the higher ground,如果能到达高地you can look for a route down into the valleys beyond.就可以找到一条到达对面山谷的路Ill try and reach that cove up there.我努力到上面那个山凹去Okay, lets keep moving. Come on.好了 继续行动吧 加油Look. See the sun?Its like a halo effect around it.看 看到太阳了吗 它就像被围上了一圈光晕And thats formed by the stratus clouds.这是由层云导致的Stratus is often a sign of changing conditions and an oncoming bad-weather front.层云常常是气候变化的标志 是恶劣天气的前奏And look.Sure enough, if you look down,看吧 不出所料 向下看的话you see the buildup of all that cumulus cloud.Thats the bad stuff.就会发现堆聚的积云 它们的出现绝对不是好兆头But often the time lag between the stratus and the cumulus但有时 层云变为积云can be as little as four hours, you know?只需要短短的四个小时I know this range runs from east to west.我知道这山脉是东西延伸的But where I want to head,southwest,down out of the mountains, towards the Black Sea.但我希望往西南方走 下山之后向黑海方向前进Its gonna be the best chance of finding people.So we want to get moving. Come on.那里是最可能有人烟的地方 所以最好快点动身 走吧201704/503947栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201611/477472

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201605/441495Imagine you take two dogs and put them in two different areas...设想一下,把两只小放在两个不同的地方…You shock the first dog and you give him an option to escape.电击第一只小,让它可以选择逃跑。He tries to escape, hes successful, and he gets away from the shocks.它尝试并成功逃离了电击。The second dog however, you put in a place where no matter what he does, he cannot escape the shocks.然而第二只小,把它放在一个无论做什么都无法逃脱的地方。He soon figures out that theres nothing he can do, he gives up, and hell just sit there and accept the shocks.它很快就发现什么也做不了,于是放弃了,坐在那默默承受。Now you take these two dogs and put them in two new areas again, but this time they can both escape.现在把它们放在两个新地方,但这次它们都可以逃走。The first dog, who had learned that he was able to escape, will get out of there like usual.第一只已经学会逃跑的小,会像往常一样逃离那里。But the second dog will just lay there and accept the shocks, even though in this new environment he could just escape.但是第二只小就只会趴那继续承受,尽管这次它可以逃跑。This is what is known as learned helplessness, and you probably know people who act like the helpless dog.这就是习得无助,你可能知道有些人的行为很像那只无助的小。The opposite of this is learned optimism.与之相反的是习得乐观。Learned Optimism is basically the idea that you can learn to be optimistic, and positive, and happy.习得乐观基本的就是你可以学会乐观,积极和高兴。You can cultivate these things.你可以培养这些心态。And this is exactly what Seligman was trying to do, by running a workshop.塞利格曼通过运行工作组来尝试这种培养。The results of the workshop were promising...结果很有前景。Thirty-two percent of the students in the control group had a moderate to控制组中32%的学生有中度severe episode of depression in contrast to 22 percent of the group that was in the workshop.到重度的抑郁症状,对比来看,工作组中的比例占有22%。Also... 15 percent of the controls had an episode of generalized anxiety disorder而且…控制组中15%的学生有广泛性焦虑症的症状versus only 7 percent of people who took the workshop.工作组中的这部分比例只有7%。They also found that it was the change from pessimism to optimism that caused the prevention of depression and anxiety.他们还发现从悲观到乐观的转变,阻止了抑郁和焦虑的发展。And these studies are great, but even when I look at my own life, happiness, positivity, optimism...这些研究很棒,但即使当我审视自己生活的时候,高兴,积极,乐观…These are the things that Ive had to learn and that I have to keep cultivating.这些是我不得不学习并一直在培养的东西。When I was a kid, I hated my life. I was constantly depressed and anxious.当我还是个孩子的时候,我讨厌生活。一直很沮丧和焦虑。I had suicidal thoughts for the majority of my childhood.我童年的大部分时间里都有自杀的想法。But thats all gone now and my life just keeps getting better, but this is something that you need to put effort into.但现在那些都消失了,我的生活也越来越好,但是这是一件值得你为之努力的事情。This is something that can be learned. So now lets look at the benefits of optimism...这也是值得学习的。所以我们来看一下乐观的好处…Optimists on average achieve more, have better overall health, and just lead a more enjoyable life.通常来说乐观者会获得更多,身体更健康,生活更愉悦。Pessimists, on the other hand, are more likely to give up, are more likely to suffer from depression,另一方面,悲观者更有可能放弃,也更容易沮丧,and just lead a not really enjoyable life.所以生活也不是那么愉悦。And the big difference between pessimists and optimists悲观者和乐观者的最大差距comes from their explanatory styles about whether things are permanent, pervasive, and personal...在于他们对于事物永久性,普遍性以及个体性的归因方式…So lets say you walk up to a girl, and you just get humiliated and rejected...比如你靠近一个女孩,受到了羞辱还被拒绝了…If youre a pessimist youll think that its permanent: Ill never be able to attract a girl.如果你是个悲观者,你就会认为那是永久的:我从来都不能吸引女生。If youre an optimist, youll think that it isnt permanent: There are going to be plenty of girls who like me.如果你是个乐观者,你会想那不是永久的:以后会有很多女生喜欢我的。If youre a pessimist youll think that its pervasive: Im just not an interesting person.如果你是个悲观者,你会认为那是个普遍现象:我是个很无聊的人。If youre an optimist, youll think that it isnt pervasive:如果你是个乐观者,你会想那不是普遍的:It was just one isolated situation. It doesnt mean that Im not interesting.只是个例罢了。并不意味着我很无趣。If youre a pessimist youll think that its personal: Im ugly. Of course shes going to humiliate me.如果你是个悲观者,你会认为那是个人原因:我很丑。她当然会羞辱我。If youre an optimist, youll think that it isnt personal: Well, she might have been in a bad mood...如果你是个乐观者,你会觉得那不是个人原因:可能是她的心情不好…And Ive seen this so many times. If you have a pessimistic explanatory style, youre going to have your soul crushed.我见过很多次这种情况。如果你用悲观的归因方式,你的灵魂会受到创伤。Every single friend Ive had who was good with women always had an optimistic explanatory style.我认识的每一个和女性相处很好的朋友都具有乐观的归因方式。So optimism is much more helpful to you than pessimism but you also NEED BALANCE,所以乐观主义比悲观主义对你的帮助要大,但是你也需要平衡二者,Just like with everything else, YOU NEED BALANCE…和其他事物一样,你需要平衡…Otherwise, you can get really delusional and actually end up hurting yourself.否则,你会变得妄想,而且会伤害到自己。Imagine if you have a really bad business idea and youre just a naive optimist…想象一下如果你有一个非常差劲的生意点子,你只是一个幼稚的乐观主义者…The business isnt going anywhere and you say, ;Well, this isnt permanent...;生意发展并不好,你说,“这种情况不会持续很久的…”And you keep wasting resources on a stupid idea.然后你继续在这个糟糕的点子上浪费资源。Youve put in six months aly and it hasnt gone anywhere and you say,你已经投入了六个月的时间,依然没有进展,你说,;Well, its just this part of the project thats slow, but the project as a whole is amazing.;“嗯,只是项目的这一部分进展比较慢,但是从整体上来看这个项目还是不错的。”Or you try to get support and no one wants to go along with your terrible idea and you say,或者是,你想获得持,但没人愿意附和你那个糟糕的想法,你会说,;Well, they were probably just in a bad mood today.;“可能他们只是今天心情不好吧。”I dont know if I would call this person an optimist or just an idiot.我真不知道是应该把他称之为乐观主义者呢,还是笨蛋。The biggest problem with optimism is when its not balanced,乐观主义最大的问题就是在它没有得到平衡的时候,because you might end up not taking responsibility when you need to.因为你可能最终没有承担应有的责任。So I would absolutely recommend being optimistic but at the same time balancing it out with pessimism,所以我肯定还是建议要保持乐观理念,但是同时要维护好它和悲观主义的平衡,or not even pessimism in my opinion, but just simply realism.或者是在我看来不叫悲观主义,可以简单理解为现实主义。201706/515716Being a teenager is hard. And so is living with one, Im told.我被告知作为一个青少年不容易,和青春期的人在一起生活也不容易No human gets to escape this moody, angsty, confusing phase.没有人能逃避开这段情绪化的、焦虑的、迷茫的时期。And interestingly, such an extended adolescence is unique to humans.有趣的是,这样一段延长的青春期是人类独有的。Other animals grow up a lot faster than we do.其他的动物成长速度比我们快得多。And you may think our teen years are just about streamlining bodies for baby making,你也许认为我们的青少年期只是在长身体以繁衍后代,but as it turns out, the storm of sex hormones that we associate with the teenage years,但事实明,青春期时性荷尔蒙的大爆发are only a small part of whats really going on in the teenage body.只占那时身体变化的一小部分。Most of the action, it turns out, is happening in the brain.大部分的变化发生在大脑。Until fairly recently, we thought that the brain finished the nuts and bolts of its development,直到最近,我们还认为大脑已基本发育完全by the time we started kindergarten. But really,在我们开始上幼儿园的时候,但事实上,when puberty starts, it undergoes massive remodeling.当进入青春期大脑会开始大规模地重塑。This amounts to several years of neural growing pains,这意味着长达数年的神经成长的烦恼as well as the other more visible growth thats going on all over your body.So take heart!以及其它你身体上下更易见的成长变化。所以振作起来!Whether youre going through it now, or about to go through it,不管你是正在经历青春期还是正要经历or count yourself among the veterans of that turbulent decade,或是认为自己在那混乱的十年里已是个老手know that the result of the teen years is a stronger, faster, more sophisticated brain.你要知道最后你将有一个更强壮、更快速、更精密的大脑。If there were someone that told me twenty years ago...如果二十年前有人这样告诉我就好了……Lets start with that obvious scapegoat of adolescent anguish, hormones.让我们从看上去是导致青春期烦恼的罪魁祸首,但其实是“替罪羊”的荷尔蒙说起。That word itself, is kind of a lazy shorthand这个单词本身即是一种偷懒的简易表达that people use to describe the chemicals that some glands secrete, that can affect our behavior.是人们用来描述从一些腺体分泌的、可以影响我们行为的化学物质。But the fact is, hormones have all kinds of jobs that have nothing to do with where you grow hair,但事实是,荷尔蒙有诸多作用,但不能决定你在哪里长毛发,or what turns you on, or whether you feel glum for no apparent reason不能使你“性奋”,也不会让你不明原因地觉得沮丧Hormones keep your heart beating, and your body hydrated, and they make your organs grow,荷尔蒙使你的心脏保持跳动,保持身体水分,使器官生长,and make you grow bone, and muscle, and skin!使你生出骨头、肌肉与皮肤。What people actually mean when they talk about teenage hormones, are sex hormones.当人们谈论“青春期荷尔蒙”时,他们实际上指的是性荷尔蒙。And yes, puberty involves a whole series of sex hormones storms,是的,青春期包含一整个系列的性荷尔蒙爆发,the first of which actually kicks in before youre outta Primary School.最早的性荷尔蒙分泌实际上在你小学毕业前就已开始。Thats when the Adrenal glands start secreting androgens, which triggers the growth那时肾上腺开始分泌雄激素,从而引起in activity of the skins sebaceous glands, making skin more oily.皮脂腺的生长加速,使皮肤变得油腻。Soon enough, more apocrine or sweat glands get activated increasing body odor.很快,更多的分泌腺或汗腺活跃使得身体气味增加。Then comes the waves of hormonal agents that start activating the gonads.然后大量的荷尔蒙开始促进生殖器官的发育。For boys, this influx of luteinizing hormones from the pituitary gland, get testosterone from the testes,对于男孩,从脑垂体大量涌入的促黄体生成素,促进睾丸大量分泌睾丸素,and suddenly, that guy has up to fifty times more testosterone than he did before puberty.一下子,那家伙获得了比青春期前最多50倍的睾丸素。This also changes the shape of the male body, promoting hair growth,and building up lean muscle mass,这也改变了雄性的身体,促进毛发生长,塑造肌肉线条,just as the increased presence of estrogen in girls rearranges the deposition of their fats, stimulating the growth of breasts.就像女孩们体内增加的雌激素会重新安排脂肪的位置,促进胸部的增长。Humans are actually lucky to experience the craziness of puberty only once,人类很幸运,只用经历一次青春期的疯狂,many other animals undergo multiple similarly intense hormonal rodeos as they enter sexually active periods,很多动物在进入发情期时要经历数次类似的紧张的荷尔蒙起伏变化,sometimes called the rot or heat, every new breeding season.有时可称为“堕落或疯狂”。Some male species completely stop eating during their breeding period, because theyre just that sex crazed.在繁殖期一些雄性品种会完全停止进食,它们只是为性疯狂。And yet all that said, teen are far less ruled in their hormones than you might think. There are other factors that play here.然而说了那么多,青春期对荷尔蒙的控制并没有你想的那么大。还有其它的因素在影响。For example, your favorite moody teen may be by turns punchy, angry, depressed, or in a zombie like fog,比如,你那处于青春期的情绪化的宝贝,也许变得寡言、愤怒、沮丧或像僵尸一样无神,because of their chronic lack of sleep.只是因为长期的缺少睡眠Sleep is vital to everyone, but its specially important for kids and teens,睡眠对每个人都很重要,对小孩和青少年尤其重要,because its during sleep that your pituitary gland releases an essential growth hormone, necessary for development.因为在睡眠中,脑垂体会释放一种重要的生长激素,这对于成长很重要。A normal sleep cycle driven by circadian rhythm, is regulated by the daytime release of cortisol,一个遵循24小时节律的正常的睡眠循环,由人体白天释放的皮质醇which helps you wake up, and melatonin, which helps you wind down when it gets dark.和晚上释放的褪黑激素调节皮质醇使人保持清醒,褪黑激素使人保持平静。But this biology of sleep timing changes as we age and as puberty begins, teens sleep clocks get pushed back.但是这个生物钟会随年龄变化,当进入青春期,睡点会推后。Most adults start producing melatonin 10 p.m. ish,大多数的成年人晚上10点开始分泌褪黑激素,but one study showed that teenagers dont start producing melatonin until closer to 1am!但一项研究显示青少年直到凌晨1点才开始分泌褪黑激素!This may be because pubertys hormonal frenzy is stalling the release of melatonin,这也许是因为青少年疯狂的荷尔蒙推迟了褪黑激素的释放。and could partly explain why so many teens stay up late, energized by the night,这也可以一定程度上解释为什么那么多的青少年熬夜,晚上精力旺盛,but had a really hard time rolling outta bed with the alarm.闹钟响了却起不来床。Of course its a bit of a chicken and egg deal, since watching reruns of The Simpsons,当然这有点像先有鸡还是先有蛋的问题了,因为看《辛普森一家》的重播and playing Call o Duty late at night continues to stimulate the brain, which may further delay the release of melatonin.或者玩《使命召唤》到很晚,这些都在刺激大脑,也许会更一步推迟褪黑激素的释放,Still, some researchers are starting to advocate for pushing back high school start times in the morning,所以,有些研究者开始提倡将高校的早晨开始上课时间往后调,in the hopes of having more focused students.希望这样有更多集中精力的学生。So weve got sex hormones changing the bodies, and a lack o sleep to contend with,那么我们知道了性荷尔蒙会改变身体,以及缺少睡眠对人的影响,but increasing evidences suggest that, there is something much bigger at work thats making teenagers so teenager-ry. Their brains!但是越来越多的据表明,有些事有更大的影响使得青少年如此的与众不同。即他们的大脑!It turns out that brains actually take longer than we thought, to fully mature.事实表明,大脑确实需要比我们想象的更长的时间来发育成熟。I dont mean physical size - our brains are aly about 95% full-sized by the time were just six我不是指物理大小--在我们只有6岁时,我们的大脑就已经有成年人95%大小了but more in the sense of the connections inside the brain.我指的是大脑内部的神经连接。Adults - for the most part - know how to make decisions by evaluating choices, and weighting consequences.大部分成年人知道如何做决定--通过对比选择,权衡结果They do this with their prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for controlling impulses and emotions, and forming judgments.通过他们的前叶额皮质层,这负责控制冲动和情绪来做出决定。Its neurons chat with the neurons in other regions of the brain, responsible for - say it - memory or movement, through synapses.它的神经元与大脑其它的区域的神经元进行交流,比如说,负责记忆和行动的神经元,这种交流通过突触进行。The thing is, teenage brains dont quite work like this yet.真实情况是,青少年的大脑还没有像这样运作。The prefrontal cortex may not be fully developed until youre mid-twenties,他们的前叶额皮质层也许无法发育完全,直到25岁左右,and teen synapses - those ;lines; of communication - are still growing, and specializing. Theyre also - slow.青少年的突触(即脑内神经的交流线路)还在成长中、细化中。它们同时也非常缓慢。As an adolescent brain keeps developing, its axons - the long ;tail-like; parts of the neurons that transmits signals to other neurons在一个青少年的大脑成长过程中become more and more insulated by a fatty layer called the Myelin Sheath.轴突变得越来越不易受影响,因为被一层厚的称为髓鞘保护膜所包裹。This padding greatly increases the cells transmission speed,这层包裹大大提升了细胞的传输速度and while it helps adults make faster decisions, it isnt fully formed in teens.这使得成年人做决定时更迅速,却在青少年时期无法完全发育完成。These changes occur slowly, beginning at the back o the brain, where the oldest and most fundamental brain parts reside,这些变化发生得十分缓慢,开始于大脑的后部,即大脑最古老和最基础的部分and slowly working its way forward to the more advanced and complicated brain bits.然后逐渐地往更先进和复杂的部分发展。The prefrontal cortex is the last to be hooked up and shaped.前叶额皮质层是最后被连接和塑造的,So its important to keep in mind, that just because your favorite teenager stayed up until sunrise因此这很重要你要记住,你的宝贝在考试的前一天晚上binge-watching The Walking Dead the night before an exam, it doesnt mean theyre dumb or lazy,无节制地看《行尸走肉》直到天亮并不意味着他们又蠢又懒their brain are just literally finishing being built.只是因为他们的大脑还在塑造中。But at the same time, because all o this brain buildings just starting to peak,同时,因为他们的大脑塑造开始达到顶点,this is also, when the brain starts getting thinned out.这也是大脑开始清理多余连接的时候。You actually start losing connections that you dont use enough, in a process called synaptic pruning -那些你用得不频繁的连接会消失,这一进程称为突触修剪which has led to a theory that this is kind of a use it or lose it phase.由此引出一种“用进废退”的理论。Meaning, adolescence could be an specially important time to use your brain这意味着青少年时期对大脑的使用特别重要play an instrument; engage in sports; write poetry; learn language!演奏一种乐器、参加一项体育活动、写诗、学习新语言!Because by doing these things, youre helping hardwire those synapses, and giving your brain topiary a lovely lasting shape.通过做这些事,这些突触连接会巩固,你的大脑会被修剪成一个可爱又持久的形状。Whereas if youre sitting around all day playing Candy Crush,而如果你整天都坐着玩《糖果粉碎传奇》those will be the connections that survive, which you dont need...这些有关的连接就会留存下来,尽管你并不需要……This shaping of the teen brain manifests itself in other ways too, like in teenage attitudes.这种对青少年大脑形状的塑造也通过其它方式表达出来,比如他们对外界的看法。A group of scientist at the McLean Hospital of Massachusetts, once hooked up a group of adults and a group of teens,美国马萨诸塞州麦克莱恩医院的一队科学家,通过核磁共振设备进行观察,曾组织一组成年人和一组青少年to MRI devices and then asked them to identify a series of expressions on photographs of adults faces.让他们鉴别照片上的成年人脸上的系列表情。Interestingly, while adults correctly identified one expression as fear,有趣的是,当成年人正确地指出一个表情是害怕时,the teenagers thought the faces showed anger, surprise, or shock. They werent registering subtleties well.青少年认为那是表示害怕、惊讶或震惊。他们无法识别这些微妙的差异。Not only that, but the MRI images showed that adults and teens responded with different parts of their brains.不仅如此,核磁共振图像显示成年人和青少年是用大脑的不同的部分回应的。Adults, use the reasonable prefrontal cortex, while the teens mostly use the gut reaction, emotional amigdala,成年人理所当然地使用前叶额皮质层而青少年主要使用直觉反应,即主管情绪的杏仁体,located farther back in the brain.杏仁体位于大脑的更后面。Results like these might help explain why teenagers seem to experience frequent mood swings.这样的试验结果也许可以帮助解释为什么青少年们看起来更易情绪波动。For one, they tend to react quickly from the emotional part of their brain,首先,他们倾向于从大脑的情绪部分快速反应without running those reactions by the more rational frontal cortex,而不是用更理智的前叶额皮质层,and two, it could be that theyre just mising expressions, and therefore the intentions behind them.其次,有可能他们只是误解了试验的表情及其后的意图。The frontal cortex also helps people relate to, and understand each other,前叶额皮质层也可以帮助人们建立联系,理解彼此and you can imagine what happens when concern is misjudged as anger; or worry, as disappointment.所以你可以想象当关心被误解为生气或担心被误解为失望时会发生什么。The Fresh Prince has an entire song about it.Fresh Prince就有一整首歌是关于这个的。But the truth is, as much as parents just dont understand, teens dont always understand either.但事实是,父母常常无法理解他们的小孩,少年自己也常常无法理解。When the emotional amigdala, and the more rational cortex arent fully hooked up yet,当负责情绪的杏仁体与更理智的前叶额皮质层还没有完全连结好,that can make it hard for teenagers to productively work through emotions.青少年们就很难控制好情绪。This kind of reactionary, impulsive behavior may also lead to more risk taking.这种叛逆和冲动行为也许会导致更危险的行为。Adolescence is the time when were most likely to experiment with whatever booze, or drugs is available,青少年时期我们最容易体验酒精或毒品,and unfortunately, its also the time our developing brains are most vulnerable to lasting effects不幸的是,那也是我们塑造中的大脑最脆弱、会受到永久影响的时期。Studies have shown that teens are more likely to become addicted to drugs and alcohol, than adults研究已经表明,青少年比成年人更容易沉迷于毒品或酒精,partly because their brains are more attuned to their reward centers.一部分原因是他们的大脑对脑内的奖赏区域更熟悉,While the teenage prefrontal cortex is still developing, their Nucleus Accumbens,因为他们的前叶额皮质层还在发育中,他们的“伏隔核”or pleasure and reward zone, forms early on.或“愉悦和奖赏区域”成型更早。Neuroimaging studies have shown that when presented with a big potential reward,神经影像研究表明当有大的潜在的奖赏时,teen brains light up way more than kids or adults brains, but if the reward was small,青少年的大脑亮起来的区域比小孩或成年人更多,但当奖赏很小时teen brains hardly fired at all.他们的大脑几乎没有反应。So basically, give an adolescent a pat on the back, and youll get a shrug.所以基本上,在一个青少年背后轻拍一下,他只会耸耸肩。Give them a hot date or a wining goal, and their brains light up like Vegas.给他们一个火辣的约会或一个令人振奋的目标,他们的大脑会闪亮得像。This of course, does not always result in great judgment.基于这样的反应,你不能指望他们能做出多伟大的决定。A jacked up thrill-seeking impulse, combined with exquisite pang of peer pressure,一股上涌的寻找刺激的冲动加上同伴的压力带来的痛苦plus a new drivers license, new sex parts, and access to substances can lead to some not good results.和一个新的驾照、新的性伴侣再加上毒品,这些足够导致一些不好的结果。But still, this long and some times tedious remodeling process that our bodies go through in the teenage years, isnt all bad.但是话说回来,我们青春期的身体经历的这个长长的、有时候有些乏味的重塑过程并不全是坏事。Many scientists have pointed out that our delayed adolescence lets our brains keep their flexibility longer,许多科学家指出,较长的青春期使得我们的大脑保持灵活更长的时间which Yeah, may make teens a little slow, but also more adaptable, as they prepare for the adult world.也许会使青少年长得有点慢,但更能适应随后到来的成人世界。In this way, you can see teen impulsiveness as boldness; or independent thinking, and moodiness,从这个意义上说,你可以将青春期的冲动当成大胆或独立思考,as a source of new found empathy; and excitability, as passion.将感性当作共鸣,兴奋过度当作热情。Which means, theres a lot of awesome energy floating around out there y to decrease all kinds of world suck就是说,这些精力旺盛的青春期的人们在准备改变这个世界的旧有成见。Thanks for watching the SciShow, and thanks specially to all of our subscribers on Subbable, who make this channel possible!感谢观看SciShow。特别要谢谢我们在Subbale上的所有贡献者。有他们才有这个频道!You can be an honorary associate producer of SciShow, or even pick the topic of a future episode!你也可以成为SciShow的一名荣誉制作者,甚至决定未来某一系列的主题!To find out how, go to ;subbable.com/scishow;. And you can always find us on Facebook and Twitter, and in the comments below,具体方式,请至subbale.com/scishow。你也可以在Facebook和Twitter及其下的部分找到我们。and if you wanna keep gettin smarter with us here at SciShow, you can go to ;youtube.com/scishow; and subscribe.如果你想和我们一起变得更聪明,欢迎至youtube.com/scishow订阅我们的节目。201706/515382

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201610/470039The worlds largest refugee camp wont be forced to shut down after all.世界上最大的难民营不会被迫关闭。Kenyas highest court has blocked a government plan to close the Dadaab refugee camp because the move was ruled discriminatory and unconstitutional.肯尼亚高级法院阻止了政府关闭达达布难民营的计划,因此举具有歧视性,并且违反宪法规定。Last year, the Kenyan government issued an order to dissolve the ed Nations run camp. The closure would have forced more than 200,000 Somali refugees to return to their war-torn country.去年,肯尼亚政府发布命令解散联合国营地。关闭的举动将迫使超过20万的索马里难民回到他们饱受战争蹂躏的国家。The government argued keeping Dadaab up and running was a security issue.政府认为让达达布难民营运行是一个安全问题。Specifically, it claims extremist group al-Shabab has been using the camp as a base to recruit new members and plan attacks on Kenyan soil.具体来说,政府认为极端组织青年党一直以难民营为基地,招募新成员,计划在肯尼亚领地实施攻击。But human rights groups said closing the camp would put a quarter of a million refugees at risk of human rights abuses.但是人权组织表示,关闭难民营将使25万难民面临人权侵犯的风险。The Kenyan government had not responded to the ruling.肯尼亚政府没有回应这项裁决。译文属。201702/492182原味人文风情:Body Language Dos and Donts肢体语言注意事项Hi, Im Faye de Muyshondt of Socialsklz, here to teach you about body language basics. So many people say that your body speaks much more loudly than your words speak, and its probably—it has quite a bit of truth. Its really important that as you speak, you exhibit great body language. The most important aspects of your body language are, number one, your shoulders and where your shoulders are positioned as you speak to other people. So, your shoulders could be like this or they could be like this, and that slight change makes an enormous difference in what your body is saying about you. This little change could make me seem like Im insecure or dont have much confidence, but moving my shoulders up changes the entire dynamic of how Im coming across.嗨,我是 Socialsklz 的 Faye de Muyshondt,在这里教你一些关于肢体语言的基本观念。很多人说你的身体比你的话语表现出更多含意,而这或许--那其实颇有道理的。在说话时表现出良好的肢体语言是非常重要的。肢体语言最重要的面向,第一个是你的肩膀,以及在你对他人说话时肩膀的位置。你的肩膀可能会呈现这样或像这样,而那小小的变化会让身体呈现出的你有很大的不同。这小小的变化可能让我看起来像没有安全感或不太有自信,不过挺起我的肩膀会改变我整个给人的印象。Also, a really important part of your body language is your hands and what youre doing with your hands. Now, some people have a really hard time with what to do with their hands as theyre speaking. If you have a hard time with it, what I suggest is if youre sitting, just putting your hands in your lap, or if youre standing, just making sure that theyre at your sides or folded in front of you. A lot of people have a hard time with playing with things, with playing with bracelets, with playing with hair, fumbling with their pockets. So, be aware as you speak next time of what your hands are doing. Where are your hands? Are they stationary? Or you can ask someone else to make this assessment for you. Have a conversation with them and ask them to keep an eye on where your hands are during the conversation.此外,肢体语言很重要的一部分是你的双手和手的动作。现在,有些人在说话时很难知道手该怎么办才好。如果你有这困扰,我的建议是如果你人坐着,只要把双手放在大腿上就可以了,或你是站着的话,就确认双手在身体两侧或交叠在前。很多人因为这样遇到困难,摆弄东西、玩手环、玩头发、乱摸口袋。所以下次当你说话时,注意你的手在做什么。你的手放在哪里?它们有乖乖不动吗?或者你可以请别人替你作评估。和他们聊天然后请他们注意你的双手在对话期间的位置。Another important element of your body language is the fact that you need to be standing still. So, if youre moving during a conversation, thats gonna give off the impression that youre nervous or that youre uncomfortable during the conversation. So, be sure that youre standing stationary and that youre not moving around as youre talking. And your feet, as youre talking, you dont want to be moving your feet around or lifting up your knee or moving your feet around. You wanna make sure that those are stationary as well. The whole idea is that you dont wanna distract someone while theyre speaking or while youre speaking. Not only is it distracting, but it can make you come across as insecure, less than confident, or even uncomfortable during a conversation. You definitely dont wanna give off that impression.肢体语言的另一个重要部分是你需要立定站好这件事。如果你在交谈时动来动去,那会给人一种你很紧张的感觉,或你在说话时感到不自在。所以,务必确认你在说话时有站好然后没有乱动。而你的脚,在你说话的时候,你不会想要脚乱动或抬膝盖或把脚移来移去。你也要确认双脚是不动的。这整个概念是你不想在别人说话或自己在说话时让人分心。这样不仅分散掉注意力,还会让你在交谈时显得没有安全感、不够有自信,或甚至感到不自在。你肯定不会想给人那样的印象。So, your body language speaks a great deal. You wanna make sure that you have great body language as youre communicating and speaking with other people. Its probably one of the most important elements to making a good first impression.那么,你的肢体语言传达出很多意思。你会想确认自己在和别人交流时有很好的肢体语言。那或许是制造出良好第一印象最重要的元素之一。201706/513263

  • 时空生活榆树市妇幼保健院治疗不孕不育好吗
  • 长春省人民医院堕胎
  • 大河知识长春阳光女子医院的电话中国口碑
  • 吉林省妇幼医院官网预约免费中医常识
  • 长春哪些妇科医院好千龙乐园长春吉大医院治疗不能怀孕
  • 妙手指南德惠市中医院电话挂号
  • 长春妇产医院门诊在哪里
  • 百科养生长春做人流的正规医院有哪些爱问分享
  • 长春治疗子宫内膜炎一共多少钱养心网
  • 吉林长春阳光妇科医院靠谱吗
  • 长春不孕不育症排名解答吉林第二医院有微创手术吗
  • 蛟河妇女医院门诊收费周问答
  • 丽频道长春妇科医院排行
  • 九台市中心医院人流流产和打胎价格
  • 长春省人民医院有人在那做过人流吗大河新闻
  • 长春阳光妇科医院治疗妇科多少钱安心晚报农安县人民医院引产需要多少钱
  • 久久网长春医大一院咨询电话飞互动
  • 长春不孕不育最好医院华龙指南
  • 长春人流那个医院比较好
  • 四平妇幼保健妇保医院哪个医生好安活动
  • 放心大夫九台区无痛人流医院飞大全
  • 吉林省第二人民医院门诊电话热线
  • QQ社区长春哪家医院做人流手术比较正规同城知识
  • 公主岭妇科整形哪家医院最好的求医爱问
  • 中华咨询吉林第二医院上环爱晚报
  • 长春纤维瘤微创多少钱
  • 长春无痛人流在哪做好
  • 长春治疗附件炎到哪个医院
  • 长春医科大学第一医院彩超检查好吗
  • 吉林长春阳光医院有无痛人流365活动
  • 相关阅读
  • 长春妇科最好搜医门户
  • 公主岭妇幼保健妇保医院专家微信
  • 周卫生长春长春阳光妇科医
  • 长春市中心医院妇科专家大夫普及共享
  • 长春治疗尿道炎哪个医院较好
  • 长春阳光妇科医院人流要多少钱华龙问答长春第一医院有什么科
  • 吉大第三医院打胎流产好吗
  • 妙手优惠长春治疗宫颈癌哪里比较好知道大夫
  • 长春阳光女子医院预约
  • 磐石中医医院能刷社保卡吗
  • (责任编辑:郝佳 UK047)